One professor was
mercilessly attacked in the press because he advised the Turkish ambassador on
responding to questions about the Ottoman Armenians. It is worth noting that
no one questioned the probity of the American Armenian scholar who became the
chief advisor of the president of the Armenian Republic or doubted the
veracity of the American Armenian professor whose son became the Armenian
foreign minister. No one questioned the objectivity of these scholars or
attacked them, nor should they. The only proper question is, "What is the
truth!" No matter who pays the bills, no matter the nationality of the
author, no matter if he writes to ambassadors, no matter his religion, his
voting record, his credit status, or his personal life, his views on history
should be closely analyzed and, if true, accepted.
The only question is the
Professor Justin McCarthy, Let Historians
Decide on So-called Genocide
follows the article. Followed further by: "Authors
Against Heath Lowry," and "Another Armenian
The following is an article concerning Heath Lowry that
appeared in The Princeton Alumni Weekly, January
24, 1996 pages 14-15
ON THE CAMPUS
Professor Feels the Heat
Chairman of NES department is at center of academic
debate about Armenians
By Lis Verderman '96
Over the past few months, Princeton has been the center of an emotionally
charged debate among academics regarding Heath Lowry, the Ataturk Professor of
Ottoman and Near Eastern Studies and chairman of the Department of Near
Eastern Studies. A petition circulated by Peter Balakian, a poet and professor
of English at Colgate University, asserts a link between a grant to Princeton
from the Turkish government to finance a chair for Turkish studies and the
hiring of Lowry for the position in 1993. (Among the petition's 57 signatories
are intellectuals Norman Mailer and Joyce Carol Oates and genocide historians
Raul Hillberg and Deborah Lipstadt.) A letter accompanying the petition
suggests the Turkish government wanted Lowry for the chair because he supports
its view of a historical controversy between Turkey and Armenians who accuse
the Turks of killing their countrymen. The letter also attacks the
university's hiring practices, which the petition asserts were co-opted by the
$700,000 grant, and question Lowry's academic credentials.
The alleged connection between Lowry and the Turkish government hinges on
their interpretation of the killing of up to one million Armenians in World
War I. Many historians believe that the Ottoman state planned and
systematically carried out the killing of Armenians, so that the deaths should
be termed genocide. But the Turkish government and a small number of
historians that includes Lowry hold that the deaths were part of a bloody
civil war, not a genocidal campaign.
Lowry's critics note that he helped to draft a letter from the Turkish
ambassador to the United States to Robert Jay Lifton, a holocaust scholar at
the City University of New York, that criticized Lifton's comparison of the
Ottomans' killing of Armenians with the Nazis' slaughter of Jews and other
ethnic minorities. Questions have persisted about possible influence of the
Turkish government in the hiring of Lowry. Lowry has been the subject of
articles in "The Chronicles of Higher Education", the "Boston
Globe", the "Times" of Trenton, the "Philadelphia
Inquirer", and the "Daily Princetonian". In an interview with
the "Times" of Trenton, university spokesperson Jacquelyn Savani
said that the $700,000 given by Turkey for the chair "is not the amount
of money, given the $4 billion endowment of Princeton University, that should
even raise suspicion. The fact of the matter is that not for $100 million
could the Turkish government put its man in that chair. Not with this
faculty." (Princeton's hiring procedure for faculty is rigorous: tenured
faculty members of the department recommend candidates to the Committee on
Appointments and Advancements, formed from the faculty at large, which makes
the final decision.) Harvard, Georgetown, and the University of Chicago
received similar grants, but only Princeton has established a fully endowed
chair in Turkish studies.
who "blew the whistle": Dr. Robert Jay Lifton.
In response to his 1986 book, "The Nazi Doctors: Medical Killing
and the Psychology of Genocide," in which he treats the
Armenian genocide as historical fact, Dr. Lifton reported he was
"surprised" to receive a letter in 1990 from Turkey's
Ambassador to the United States, Nuzhet Kandemir, denying the Armenian
genocide. (I guess he was surprised because the professor probably only
considered — or only seriously considered — the Armenian side of the
story, like so many others. Good objectivity, Prof.!) Then he was
"shocked" to discover an American academic had drafted the
Ambassador's letter. He was further shocked when he learned that the
same scholar had been named to a chair at Princeton University that the
Turkish government had helped to endow. "We feel strongly that
there's been a violation of academic standards," he is
reported to have said. (Who is "WE"?) The picture is from PBS'
Armenians, A Story of Survival." (Ah. "We" must
mean "The Armenians and I.")
Scrutiny of Lowry's credentials has accompanied the
criticism of his association with Turkey. Lowry lectured on history full time
at Bosphorus University in Istanbul from 1973 to 1980, an experience he says
was more valuable to him as a scholar of Turkish history than time teaching in
the United States. Lowry then spent 12 years as head of the Institute of
Turkish Studies, a Washington, D.C.— based educational organization funded
by the Turkish government. Lowry's colleagues in Near Eastern studies, who
recommended him for the chair in 1993, are impressed with his scholarship, and
students have spoken highly of his teaching ability. Letters to "The
Daily Princetonian" in his support were signed by the 11 members of the
faculty in his department and by its four undergraduate majors. After a year
at Princeton he was asked to head the department.
As for claims that he is a tool for the Turkish government, Lowry points out
that his first book was banned in Turkey and that he helped initiate a
petition to the Turkish prime minister to open archives that pertain to the
Armenians' massacre. Although the archives have been open since 1989, Lowry
says he has not yet been able to study them in depth due to the magnitude of
the task. The thousands of documents are mostly handwritten in Turkish and
therefore are hard to decipher. Lowry says he is reluctant to term the deaths
genocide without more study of the archives: "Neither I nor any other
scholar specializing in Ottoman history would deny or condone the widespread
death, destruction, and decimation affecting a large portion of the Ottoman
Armenian citizenry which occurred in the course of the First World War ...
However, I and many other scholars in the field cannot accept the
characterization of this human tragedy as a pre-planned, state-perpetrated
genocide ... unless and until the historical records of the Ottoman state ...
are studied and evaluated by competent scholars."
However, Lowry recently revealed that in the one volume he has studied, he
found one document "which strongly suggests that there was government
involvement in the killing of Armenians." Lowry said that if more such
material becomes available from the archives, it would be "exactly the
kind of thing" to make him change his mind.
Colgate's Balakian asserted that the Turkish archives are an unreliable
historical source. "[Turkey] is a totalitarian society that has no
mechanism for critical evaluation, that can't face its past with any honesty
at all ... Eighty years later, you can be sure that there's not a thing of
authenticity or value left, that they have sanitized their archive."
Though no Ottoman historians have yet signed Balakian's petition, he says
that's because the historians fear reprisal from Turkey, and because "a
group of so-called Ottoman historians are simply lifelong recipients of
Turkish government funds. Some of them, like Mr. Lowry, are just not reliable
Lowry's colleagues at Princeton defend his academic views. Norman Itzkowitz, a
professor of Near Eastern studies, says Lowry's opinion is "not renegade
at all. Professor Lowry's point of view is considered the one that many people
in Turkish and Ottoman history would claim." But Rouben Adalian, the
director of research and analysis for the Armenian Assembly of America, told
the "Times" of Trenton, "Princeton has quite a track record in
employing scholars who deny the Armenian genocide. I am not aware of any other
American university where so pronounced a revisionist school on the subject of
Armenian genocide exists."
On May 3, history professors Anthony T. Grafton and Natalie Z. Davis will
conduct a conference titled "The Historian, Nationalism, and the End of
Empire," which may provide a constructive forum for debating the Armenian
question. Participants will consider three case studies: the Ottoman empire
and Armenia, the Hapsburgs and the Balkan conflict, and England and India.
"The real issue is the responsibility of the scholar," says Grafton.
"In situations in which there are different collective memories,
different documents, what is the historian's responsibility? By bringing
together experts in the field, we hope to generate light instead of
Felt the Heat... and Got Royally Burned
when has the credibility of research started to be determined by the source of
Poor Professor Heath Lowry. The first full work of his that
I've read has been his comparison of Ambassador Morgenthau's ghostwritten book and the
actual letters and diaries of the ambassador. The research is impeccable, and I was
genuinely impressed. This man is a first-rate scholar.
Sam Weems wrote in the preface of his book (Armenia --
Secrets of a "Christian" Terrorist State): "Professor Heath Lowry of
Princeton University was recently forced out as chairman of a Near Eastern studies program
because of a two-year hate and smear campaign directed against him." Hardly
surprising.... who could have survived such an onslaught? (Dr. Lowry stepped down from his
post on June 1997, as I subsequently learned from a Princeton newspaper called "The
Princeton Packet," courtesy of an Armenian web site [As was the more
balanced Princeton Alumni Weekly article, provided above]. Hopefully, if the student-writer of the
article, Lisa Pevtzow, has gone on to pursue a career in journalism, she will have learned
to write articles without injecting her point-of-view; one paragraph states: "Dr.
Lowry... has attempted to discredit the memoirs of U.S. Ambassador to Turkey Henry
Morganthau, who was an eyewitness to the tragedy. In 1990, Dr. Lowry drafted a
letter for the Turkish ambassador, referring to the 'so-called genocide.' " (Sneer!)
Since the Armenians must hold on for dear life their entire
raison d'etre (i.e., the "Genocide"), anyone who dares question their version of
events must be attacked.... whether
the aggression consists of opening up a lawsuit (as with Prof. Bernard Lewis, in France),
attempted murder (as with the bombing of Prof. Stanford Shaw's Californian house) or, more
typically, their reputations must be destroyed, as in the case of Judge Sam Weems, who was
falsely accused by Armenians of being a "convicted felon," among other character
assassinating remarks. Unfortunately, making up falsehoods comes naturally to many
Armenians, because nothing else matters but the perpetuation of their Myth of Innocence
that they have worked so hard to build.
Every historian who goes against the Armenians' grain must
be alleged by Armenians and their supporters of being either "tainted" or
"bought"... bringing to mind the same sinister tactic used by Senator Joseph
McCarthy in the 1950s, attempting to stifle academic debate.
The additional effect, of course, is for a writer or
historian to think very carefully before taking up the Turkish truth; who would want to
deal with the juggernaut of Armenian campaigning, out to destroy one's carefully
cultivated reputation? (Not to mention one's life, or sense of general security? Death
threats are a common tactic. Even after
their hated ones are dead!!) Some might be persuaded to play it safe and consider
echoing the Armenian perspective, as did Antonio ('If you can't fight 'em, join 'em") Banderas.
Of course, nobody speaks about the funding for Armenian
genocide research from Armenian foundations... as if this research could possibly be
impartial. And what about the history professors of Armenian descent, such as Prof. Richard Hovannisian and Prof. Levon Marashlian, both operating out of
Californian universities, the "Little Armenia" of America? Regardless of how
they got their jobs, are they objective? You can read how Sam Weems tears apart the former
professor's biased history in his book, Armenia — Secrets of a "Christian"
Terrorist State... and the latter professor, in a February 2001 letter to The Washington
Times, calls the testimony of Ambassador Morgenthau "unimpeachable." The double standard
Consider yourself in the place of the Turks. Until the 1980s,
Armenians and Greeks have had a nearly uncontested open field in presenting their hateful
misinformation. Finally, the Turks figured, with Armenian terrorists killing Turkish
diplomats (and their families) right and left, that they ought to counter the massive
anti-Turkish propaganda campaigns. Since everyone believes Turks could not possibly be
telling the truth... the barbaric and dishonest nature of Turks well imbedded in Western
minds... of course Turkey is going to solicit the services of historians who support the
view that the Turks believe is the truthful one.
Here is an excerpt from another newspaper article
Amy Magaro Rubin), covering the same subject:
At the time he drafted the letter to Mr. Lifton
for the Turkish Ambassador, Mr. Lowry was executive director of the Institute of Turkish
Studies in Washington. It was established by the Turkish government in 1983 "to
facilitate greater knowledge of Turkey," said Aykut Sezgin, a counselor at the
Turkish Embassy in Washington. "There is a need for a better understanding of
Turkey." Turkish officials say they routinely hire American scholars as
consultants. "We seek advice from academicians," said Rafet Akgunay, another
official at the embassy. "They follow the publications and articles." Mr. Lowry
no longer serves as a consultant to the embassy, he said.
That makes perfect sense. Who else is the Turkish
Embassy in America going to hire, to further a better understanding of Turkey, but
Do these historians maintain a facade because
their pockets are getting filled? I suppose anything is possible.... but to maintain a
facade, while facing classrooms day in and day out, would take an inhuman effort. There is
no way anyone or any government can control a mind that is made up in the opposite
direction. Imagine yourself having to teach the Holocaust from the Nazis' perspective.
Imagine having to face questions from students that are supported by a mountain of
evidence, contrary to what you're teaching. Wouldn't that make you sick, if you have an
iota of integrity?
Maybe some Armenians are at a loss to understand
such a concept, and maybe this is why they so readily accuse others of behaving in
"the end justifies the means" ways that have been historically familiar to them.
(It is very difficult to believe Armenian professors have not come across the wealth of
Western and ARMENIAN evidence, accessible on this web site and elsewhere, that turns the
Armenian "Genocide" on its ear.)
It would be one thing if the Turkish government
had bribed Heath Lowry, saying, "Dr. Lowry, here is two million dollars; come on over
to our side and lie for us... forget about there being an Armenian 'Genocide,' as we both
very well know there had to have been." This is the kind of sinister scenario the
Armenians would have us believe, and which many of their brainwashed and frequently
fanatical selves no doubt have set their hearts on. Of course, it won't stop this kind of
Armenian from implying or even outright claiming such a scenario, because facts are just
an annoying nuisance to be twisted and altered, as long as there can only be one
genocide-affirming conclusion that suits their purposes. For the rest of us, the only
"crime" of Dr. Lowry's, as far as his having been paid by the Turkish
government, is that he drew a paycheck, working for the Institute of Turkish Studies
(which is not, as I understand, entirely supported by the Turkish government... American
companies have also been contributors.)
People who believe this paycheck must have been exorbitant are welcome to their delusions,
but if Turks were so crafty with such dishonest maneuvers, and if Turks really had such
loose purse strings, why have they failed to overwhelmingly turn around people's
conception of the Armenian "Genocide"? And why does Heath Lowry still punch in a
time clock, when he could have retired to Cancun with some beautiful babes? If, then,
Heath Lowry drew a conventional paycheck, can anyone realistically believe he "sold
out" for a lousy paycheck? A paycheck that he could have easily gotten anywhere
else... armed with a doctorate from UCLA?
The situation would have been different if Dr. Lowry were an educator on the level of Taner
Akcam, who was the first in a series of professorial Turkish Turncoats. A terrorist
(with issues against his homeland) and escaped convict (according to this article), his brand of
mischief-making soon became old-fashioned, and he needed to reinvent himself... and guess
whose arms he rushed into, to earn his new livelihood. Anytime the Armenians can get such
a powerful asset on their side, they could point and say, "See! Even the Turks agree
with us," and these Turncoat Turks are worth their weight in gold. Mr. "Misplaced Credulity" himself, Dr.
Dennis Papazian, likely had a hand in getting Mr. Akcam a job at his university as a
"visiting scholar." What legitimate university would give Mr. Akcam -- a scholar
with unremarkable academic credentials -- a job, without the backing of the
on the article above
Jacquelyn Savani said that the $700,000 given by Turkey for the chair "is
not the amount of money, given the $4 billion endowment of Princeton University,
that should even raise suspicion. The fact of the matter is that not for $100
million could the Turkish government put its man in that chair. Not with this
A point to bear in mind. What
kind of influence would $700,000 buy for an institution with a $4 billion endowment?
Harvard, Georgetown, and the University
of Chicago received similar grants, but only Princeton has established a fully
endowed chair in Turkish studies.
Turkey spent $750,000 on each
of these universities and didn't get a Turkish Studies program. Now there is a
government with influence to spare.
However, Lowry recently revealed
that in the one volume he has studied, he found one document "which strongly
suggests that there was government involvement in the killing of Armenians."
Lowry said that if more such material becomes available from the archives, it would
be "exactly the kind of thing" to make him change his mind.
Ironically, an honest historian
like Lowry could wind up being the Armenians' best friend. Since it's his area of
specialty to research Ottoman history, and he is one of the few Americans who does
so objectively, he is in the best position to discover any possible smoking guns.
Those who might think he's a lackey of the Turks will, of course, agree he would do
his sinister best to cover up such evidence. However, what if the professor is a
stand-up man, as is easily believable by those many who have vouched for him? I
think Professor Lowry would feel it is his professional duty to admit he has been
wrong... and suddenly there would be REAL proof, for a change, of the Armenian
Balakian, from PBS's Armenians:
A Story of Survival
He went so far as to call Lowry a "propagandist" in a
Dec. 1 1995 letter to The Chronicle of Higher Education
asserted that the Turkish archives are an unreliable historical source.
"[Turkey] is a totalitarian society that has no mechanism for critical
evaluation, that can't face its past with any honesty at all ... Eighty years later,
you can be sure that there's not a thing of authenticity or value left, that they
have sanitized their archive." Though no Ottoman historians have yet signed
Balakian's petition, he says that's because the historians fear reprisal from
Turkey, and because "a group of so-called Ottoman historians are simply
lifelong recipients of Turkish government funds. Some of them, like Mr. Lowry, are
just not reliable historians."
Will you look at this! It's our
old pal, Mr. "Double
Killing," Peter Balakian! I wonder who would qualify as "reliable
historians" in Mr. Balakian's biased mind.... Professors
Richard Hovannisian and Dennis Papazian? (Of course.)
"[Turkey] is a totalitarian
Perhaps this mud-slinging
teacher of English should look up this word in the English dictionary; he will find
it means an authoritarian system that suppresses opposition. The one thing Turkey
needs is to adhere to the secular principles laid down by Atatürk.
And yet, just like in the United States, the religiously-minded know how to chip
away at the separation of church and state. How could democratically elected,
religion-minded administrations come to power in a "totalitarian society"?
In early 2003, for what must
have been a first in U.S.-Turkish relations, Turkey refused to wag her tail the
instant America snapped her fingers. Despite Turkey's being in dire financial
straits, in large part due to Turkey's having lost many billions of dollars for
being the very first (if memory serves) among America's allies to pledge support for
1991's Gulf War, Turkey did not jump at the six billion dollars offered to take part
in "Operation Iraqi Freedom" the way America wished. Why? Because 94% of
the people did not support the war. Totalitarianism... or surefire signs of a
Marashlian's book, distributed in Turkey
In this letter by Turkish citizen
Yuksel Oktay, Mr. Balakian will be happy to note some teachers in Turkish high
schools have been affected by the relentless Armenian propaganda, and have begun
teaching about the Armenian "Genocide" from the Armenian perspective.
Halil Berktay is a Turncoat Turkish professor teaching in a university within Turkey
itself. Prof. Levon Marashlian, on his page of his university's web site (as of
April 2003) has a genocide book written by him, in Turkish, for distribution in
Turkey. I don't know of any totalitarian country that would permit its schools to
put its image in a bad light, regardless of whether the reported events are true or
not... only a democratic society would do such a thing. Imagine schools under Nazi
Germany teaching history critical of the Germans.
Obviously, the English teacher
has trouble with the definition of totalitarianism; TAT is only to happy to help him clear this up.
"A group of so-called Ottoman
historians are simply lifelong recipients of Turkish government funds." How COULD Mr. Balakian POSSIBLY KNOW that?? Did these
historians make their income tax records publicly available? Did Mr. Balakian hire
private detectives who scrounged the trash cans or hacked into the computers of
"... Eighty years later, you can be sure
that there's not a thing of authenticity or value left, that they have sanitized
their archive." Correction, Mr. Balakian. YOU can be sure
of that... assuming you actually believe such a statement. It's your duty as a
professional minister of Armenian disinformation to make such an outrageous claim,
that only Turk-haters would agree with... and not impartial observers. At any rate,
over eighty years ago, every document was available to Armenians like you who
tried to prove the crime of
genocide while Ottoman officials were imprisoned in Malta, awaiting the trial
set up by Allied occupiers. They couldn't find a single shred of evidence (in nearly
two-and-a-half years of desperately searching) not only to prove genocide, but ANY
war crime. Even if the Turks were of the mind to "sanitize their archive"
(of course, it's your duty to make it look like the evil Turks would want to hide
something), why would they need to, now?
I'd doubt Peter Balakian
actually paid a visit to the archives to see how useless they really are... but here
is a report from scholars who are
making current use of the archives.
Though no Ottoman historians have yet signed
Balakian's petition, he says that's because the historians fear reprisal from
I wonder what form this
reprisal will take. Perhaps the Turkish government will send special agents to put
the historians' feet in red hot iron shoes, a punishment alluded to by at least one of the many Armenian tales
of "massacre woe."
Unfortunately, an already
brainwashed public can easily accept whatever nonsense this man pukes out... and
that's what Peter Balakian is counting on.
Mr. "Double Killing"
Balakian is qualified to advise on what constitutes killing, as he is an expert on
killing himself (far from alone among his fellow Armenians and their apologists)...
he is committing murder, in the form of "Rufmord."
|Authors Against Heath
The biased May 27, 1997 Princeton student newspaper article
mentioned above, written by Lisa Pevtzow, and entitled "University professor quits
post under fire" (with the sub-headline, "School says rotation of chairmanship
'normal' ": "University spokesman Justin Harmon claims there is nothing
'surprising or newsworthy' in Dr. Lowry's resignation, terming it a normal rotation among
senior faculty. Department chairmanships are normally occupied for three years, said Mr.
Harmon." If that's the case, why use a misleading word like "quits"?),
goes on to report a "1995 petition condemning him for working hand-in-hand with
the Turkish government, which was signed by 66 artists, writers and Armenian and Holocaust
scholars, including John Updike, Kurt Vonnegut, Norman Mailer, Henry Louis Gates Jr.,
Arthur Miller, Seamus Heaney and Joyce Carol Oates."
Those are very impressive names, and some very talented people...
many whose works I have personally enjoyed and admired. However, writing novels is one
thing. Looking into a hotly contested historical matter and blindly accepting one side of
the story does not show any of these authors in a good light.
One author among them gave The Packet a telephone
interview: William Styron. Mr. Styron wrote Sophie's Choice and the Pulitzer
Prize-winning The Confessions of Nat Turner. He also published a 1990 memoir, Darkness
Visible, chronicling his long struggle with depression. During the phone interview,
the amateur journalist wrote that Mr. Styron "urged Princeton University to remove
Dr. Lowry from his tenured professorship and position as director of the program in Near
" 'Lowry is a hired hand (of the Turkish government) disseminating lies,' said Mr.
Styron. 'The evidence is quite strong that Lowry is being enlisted in a rather immoral
scheme. The man has been demonstrated to me as a man who is in the pay of the Turkish
government and is committing a totally immoral act.'
'When you deny one genocide, you're denying the genocidal impulse in general and you deny
all genocides,' said Mr. Styron. 'Lowry is guilty of this.' "
Well! It's a good thing we have an expert like William Styron
arriving at such a definite conclusion of Dr. Lowry's "guilt" so easily. As
easily as he arrived at the conclusion there must have been a state-sponsored plan by the
Ottoman Empire to exterminate the Armenian people. No doubt Mr. Styron got into the matter
thoroughly and open-mindedly, extensively researched both sides of the equation, and
answered each and every one of these following
questions before intelligently arriving at his final, objective views.
Or, he just happened to be like many others with a pre-existing,
deeply-ingrained belief system that the barbaric Turks must have been guilty.... and he
unfairly consulted solely the omnipresent pro-Armenian sources. You might say Mr. Styron
has a good excuse for such irresponsibility, since he might still have been suffering from
his depression. Or perhaps making simplistic and bigoted conclusions come easily to him;
one biography stated, "Styron's introspective and psychological
portrayal of Nat Turner brought him immediate and bitter criticism, especially from some
African-American authors who believed that Styron had little understanding of the slave
experience and that Styron's Turner was tinged with racism."
The strange thing is, if William Styron and the rest of the famous
authors were so quick to brand Heath Lowry as guilty because 1) He taught in Turkey 2) He
was executive director of the Institute of Turkish Studies, and 3) He was appointed to his
Princeton chair funded by a $700,000 grant from the Turkish government (The Packet's
author wrote $750,000), then they are making a giant assumptive leap in concluding Dr.
Lowry is not his own scholar. Again: there are few Western scholars who tackle the topic
of Turkey impartially; Dr. Lowry probably first learned the anti-Turkish negativism (that
every Westerner is exposed to) was not based on fact when he got exposed to the true
nature of Turkey as a Peace Corps volunteer in that country. (That's from his Princeton bio.)
When Dr. Lowry made the non-conformist move of looking at Turkey with an open mind, he
became a rarity among scholars, and Americans. (Just like Admiral Bristol was a rarity for
his even-handedness... there was only one Bristol for thousands of Morgenthaus.) When the
Turkish government became in need of American scholars to combat the tidal wave of
Armenian propaganda, to conduct research and to draft letters, who were they going to
call? Professor Richard Hovannisian?
The authors who signed the petition and contributed to Dr. Lowry's
smear campaign participated in an ugly drive; they went purely on the basis of their
assumptions, driven by their anti-Turkish prejudices, rather than looking for any proof
that Dr. Lowry was a lackey of the Turks, espousing views not his own. (Styron is quoted
above as having said, "The man has been demonstrated to me as a man who is in the
pay of the Turkish government and is committing a totally immoral act." Who
"demonstrated" that? Peter Balakian, perhaps?? Where is the PROOF? Where is the
proof that he is getting paid? (Not since working at Princeton, in 1994; if he was being
paid at the Institute of Turkish Studies, as I'm sure he was, was it at the expense of his
principles and beliefs, or because of them... knowing there were hardly any other
unbiased American scholars to take up the slack for the Turks, who are mere amateurs when
it comes to telling their side of the story.) Where is the proof that his views and
beliefs would have been any different even if he WAS getting paid?
I know a few Turkish Americans who are true champions for Turkey. Sad truth is that
they are too few and they have little funding to compete against a well-oiled and funded
Armenian lobby organization. The Armenians have perhaps 40-50 full time professionals in
Washington DC doing nothing but working each and every day to undercut Turkey and
Azerbaijan and promote themselves for more foreign aid taxpayer funding. Turkish Americans
have -0- staff and office working for them in Washington DC. The Turks really should do
more to protect themselves. All they have to do is tell truth!
Judge Sam Weems, 2002
Meanwhile, speaking of Dr. Richard Hovannisian, what have these
authors to say about the Armenian professor and professional genocide advocate, who has
proven himself to be far from objective, and holds his UCLA chair through an Armenian
foundation? You can bet Dr. Heath Lowry will change his mind about the genocide the moment
he gathers convincing evidence that the genocide actually existed, no differently than I
would... and I want to emphasize that strongly, because I WOULD. I believe truth,
honor and integrity supersede all. Richard Hovannisian has already proven that he WOULD
NOT. He has already misrepresented the facts countless times, singing the "Armenian AND? Anthem."
I looked at Dr. Hovannisian's situation to expose the hypocrisy of
the "whistle-blowing" friend of Armenians, Robert Jay Lifton, and if you click
on the following link, you, too, may consider the hypocrisy of these authors.
ADDENDUM: I later had a chance to take a closer look
at Robert Jay Lifton, in the second page of the TAT web site analyzing what happened to
Professor Lowry: Three Professors Attempt to Smear Heath Lowry.
The Authors Who Signed the 1995 petition decrying "scholarly
corruption," naming Dr. Heath Lowry in particular:
Agha Shahid Ali
(Poet; Prof. of English, Univ. of Mass.)
Tanya Miller (Writer)
Arthur Miller (Playwright)
Henry Morgenthau III (Writer)
Joyce Carol Oates (Writer)
Grace Paley (Writer)
Harold Pinter (Playwright)
Susan Sontag (Writer)
William Styron (Writer)
John Updike (Writer)
Kurt Vonnegut (Writer)
Wendy Wasserstein (Playwright)
John Wheatcroft (Writer; Prof. of English, Bucknell Univ.)
Christopher Tilghman (Writer)
D.M. Thomas (Writer)
Bruce Smith (Poet)
David Rief (Writer)
Askold Melnyczuk (Writer)
Norman Mailer (Writer)
Alfred Kazin (Writer)
Denise Levertov (Poet)
Seamus Heaney (Poet; Prof. of Rhetoric, Harvard Univ.)
Marcie Hershman (Writer)
Michael S. Harper (Poet; Prof. of Rhetoric, Harvard Univ.)
Allen Ginsberg (Poet; Prof. of English, Brooklyn College)
Daniel Ellsberg (Writer)
Robert Bly (Poet)
Frederick Busch (Writer; Prof. of Lit., Colgate Univ.)
The relevant passage from "Taking
A Stand Against The Turkish Government's Denial of the Armenian Genocide and
Scholarly Corruption in the Academy":
8) The Turkish government is funding Chairs at
prestigious American universities in order to cleanse its image and deny its past.
Recently, Professor Heath W. Lowry, who holds the Ataturk Chair of Turkish Studies
at Princeton University (endowed by $1.5 million by the Republic of Turkey) and
formerly executive director of the Institute of Turkish Studies, Inc., in
Washington, DC, has been exposed as working closely with the Turkish government to
discredit scholarship which mentions the Armenian Genocide. Documentation of his
collaboration with the Turkish government, including drafting of letters for the
Ambassador's signature in an effort to further Turkey's Denial, is provided in the
Spring 1995 issue of Holocaust and Genocide Studies.
Of interest is the next article:
9) Today the Turkish government pays public
relations firms in the US millions of dollars each year to wage a war against
scholarship and testimony about the Armenian Genocide.
How such a
conclusion was arrived at aside, if that were truly the case, it's too bad these
P.R. firms probably did not offer a money back guarantee. This must have been the
worst investment in the history of the world.
"It's always the same issue: Is the appointment freely made?" said Peter
Buchanan, president of the Council for the Advancement and Support of Education, a
Washington-based advocacy group. "But given the extraordinary amount of peer review,
it is very difficult for me to believe that it is easy to put a government lackey in one
of these chairs."
"Experts Assail Programs on Turkish Studies" (Associated Press), The Daily
Herald, November 26, 1995.
Another Armenian Proclamation... and the Patsies Who Signed It
These authors, among others, also signed a Commemoration of
"Armenian Genocide of 1915," in honor of "the 50th Anniversary of the
U.N. Genocide Convention," that condemned "the Turkish Government's Denial
of this Crime Against Humanity." The ad appeared in the April 24,1998 issue of The
New York Times, and probably in other newspapers.
Expert historian William Styron even got a relative in on the
act, Rose Styron.
The ad states the Ottomans "began a systematic,
premeditated genocide of the Armenian people"... even though, Aram Andonian notwithstanding, there has not
been a single genuine document discovered that proves the government was behind such
an operation. Don't these intellectuals realize to conduct a genocide operation of
the magnitude they claim, of exterminating "an unarmed Christian
minority," (UNARMED..! Armenian revolutionary leaders had stashed away weapons and even
uniforms in anticipation of the day to strike, once their nation could be caught at
their weakest... that is, at war), local officials HAD to be communicated with?
"...In the early part of 1915, therefore, every
Turkish city contained thousands of Armenians who had been trained as soldiers
and who were supplied with rifles, pistols, and other weapons of defense. The
operations at Van once more disclosed that these men could use their weapons
to good advantage..."
U.S. Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire, Ambassador Morgenthau's Story,
Doubleday, Page & Co., Garden City, New York (1918), page 301
are many such documented photographs from ALL over the
Ottoman Empire; some "unarmed minority."
How else could the local Ottoman officials have known to
implement such an extermination policy? With all the telegrams that needed to be
sent, and all the telegrams that needed to be sent afterwards to
"fine-tune" such a huge operation, you would think ONE telegram would have
survived. Instead, the telegrams that
have survived express CONCERN
over the Armenians.
Boo on these ignorants and bigots who were unwilling to
conduct research from unbiased sources, and allowed themselves to be trapped by the
emotional issue of what clearly appears to them as a defenseless, innocent minority
persecuted by a group which so easily fits the role of "villain." (Not to
say many Armenians weren't innocent... but they paid the price of following their revolting leaders.)
"More than a million Armenians were exterminated
through direct killing, starvation, torture, and forced death marches. Another
million fled into permanent exile." Let me add that up... let's see. That
makes over two million. Funny, over half a
dozen neutral sources had the pre-war Armenian population at not over 1.5
million. Maybe the next time the Armenians organize such a petition, they should get
a professor of Mathematics to help them with their calculations.
If the Armenians are claiming one million survived, subtract
that from 1.3 to 1.5 million and the result is pretty much what the Turks believe
are the Armenian casualties. (FINALLY! Something the Turks and Armenians can agree
on..!) Not to be forgotten that even Armenian God, Henry
"Holier-than-Thou" Morgenthau, was appalled by the famine and disease that
struck the Turkish nation, with thousands of Turks dying daily. It stands
to reason out of the half-million Armenian dead, not all could
have died under the Turkish boot. (And how could "half" of the Armenians'
false calculations — this ad is claiming a million died and a million survived —
how could a whole big, fat million, have survived, by the way? What kind of
an incompetently-run genocide was that?)
"You have knowledge that the government has decided
the thorough extermination of the Armenian population living in Turkey. Everyone
who has a contrary opinion cannot continue to be a member of the State
administration. There must be an end to their existence without any mercy for
the women, children and invalid persons regardless of the awful means of
Oh, hold on a minute. That wasn't really
Talat Pasha, just the words of forger Aram Andonian putting words into
Talat Pasha's mouth, which Armenian web sites are unethically still putting up as pure fact.
Regardless, many believe Talat Pasha was behind the Armenian
"Genocide," and if he were, he would have had to issue such a decree.
If that's the case... if every Armenian was ordered to be exterminated... how
could over two-thirds of the Ottoman-Armenian population have survived?
By the way, among the Armenians who signed this thing, how
come they settled for around a million "exterminated" Armenians when
elsewhere they traditionally claim at least a million and a half? That's a big
difference... which is it? The loophole term "more than" a million does
not get them off the hook... "more than" connotes slightly over a million,
not a whole, whopping 50% more. Listen, Armenians: you can't claim one thing here,
and another thing there. (What am I saying? They're Armenians... of course they can.
Just one out of many examples... Dr. Dennis Papazian offers the figure of 1.5
million murdered Armenians on the Armenian
FAQ page... even though he claimed THREE million just a FEW PARAGRAPHS
"The Armenian Genocide was the most dramatic human
rights issue of the time and was reported regularly in newspapers across the
U.S." One of the few true things the announcement claims. Yes, with missionaries (of, for all intents and
purposes, the "enemy camp"... generously allowed to freely move around in
wartime's Ottoman Empire, which must have been unprecedented in history, showing the
great heart of the Turks) making sure to scream "Barbaric Turks slaughter
innocent Christians" at every opportunity, how could the Christian West not be
sympathetic to what they perceived as atrocious, tyrannical acts? And the newspapers
made sure to eat up everything provided
by the bigoted Morgenthaus, the unscrupulous missionaries and Armenians, and the
wartime propaganda of Britain's American branch of Wellington House, comprised of
the false reports by Bryce and Toynbee, whose work has been discredited by
IMPARTIAL observers, right after the war?
"The Armenian Genocide is abundantly documented by
Ottoman court-martial records..."
These court-martials were cooked up by kangaroo courts
whose purpose was mainly political retribution. Almost every defendant was found
guilty, sentenced for things as mundane as leaving a post without permission (that
is, many cases had nothing to do with Armenian affairs)... and a good few were
executed. The "Ottoman" government at the time barely controlled areas
beyond Istanbul, and were the puppets of the Allies... the reason why the Sevres document they went on to
sign spelled the death sentence of the Turkish nation; this was not a legitimate
government representing their people, as history has borne out. (In other words: Who
quickly took their place?) About the only value of these courts was that at least
the Ottomans attempted some form of justice for crimes against Armenians (DURING the
war, they also meted out punishment to Turks who misbehaved with the Armenian
relocations... executing twenty of them in
1915, and punishing many more in less extreme ways; a whopping 1.397 is the figure
given in "The Armenian File," all for crimes against Armenians), while
neither Armenia (the country) nor Armenian guerillas ever tried their own criminals
for horrible acts against Turks that are documented even by Armenians. (By contrast, the little terrorist
state of Armenia hails
their mass-murderers as heroes.)
This is what happens when respectable
writers and intellectuals embarrass themselves by not conducting their own research,
and allow themselves to be suckered. Franz
Werfel was a writer who also allowed himself to be suckered, much to his regret
when he discovered the real truth.
(To his posthumous shame, he did not possess the courage to undo his mistake.)
"The Armenian Genocide was...
reported... by eyewitness reports of missionaries and diplomats, by the
testimony of survivors, and by eight decades of historical scholarship."
The only type of non-Armenian
"eyewitness" account that would help prove the genocide would be of this
variety, assuming the perpetrators were clearly Turkish government troops:
The painting is featured on numerous
Armenian web sites, presented among the familiar shots of bones and suffering folks,
of dubious origin... and I guess the painting is supposed to present
"proof" of genocide. (Since Armenians have no proof, they have a habit of utilizing or doctoring paintings to
make their case.)
Mind you, even if there were impartial
sources who happened to be by such a massacre scene... not that American diplomats
and missionaries were "impartial"... that would still not constitute proof
of a government-sponsored extermination policy, any more than the My Lai massacre at
Vietnam proved America was behind a genocide campaign. The point is, there are ZERO
documents of such scenes being witnessed, while Russian military onlookers have directly documented Armenian
atrocities against Turks, not to mention Armenians documenting their own atrocities against Turks.
No diplomat or missionary served as
an "eyewitness." The only thing they may have observed (and very few of
them, to boot... among the consuls, I know of only Leslie Davis who took the trouble to take a stroll outside his
compound, once or twice) were dead bodies and suffering people, but those things do
not prove a government-sponsored genocide. Diplomats like Morgenthau and Horton
were raging Turk-haters, moved by religious and racist bigotry. They also were
representing America, a nation sympathetic to and soon to join the Allies... it was
in their interest to show the "enemy" Ottoman Empire as monsters. The
"moral" people the missionaries were supposed to be comprised of were the
worst, breaking one of God's Commandments, "THOU SHALT NOT BEAR FALSE WITNESS
AGAINST THY NEIGHBOR." The missionaries also had an agenda; the more sympathy
they could get for the Armenians, the more money they could hoodwink out of teary-eyed Americans.
Regardless, both groups either swallowed wholesale whatever the Armenians told them,
or made up their perverted torture
tales themselves... doing Torquemada proud.
Armenian "Oral History" is the main force
that motivates the Armenians' hatred, but accounts of "My Gran'mama Done
Tol' Me" do not constitute reliable history. (Unless, of course, you feel THIS
constitutes reliable history.) Turks have their own
accounts of "the
blues," in the hands of murderous Armenians, as well. And as far as that
"historical scholarship," the authors are only referring to sources
writing biased, untrue accounts as in this proclamation you are reading excerpts of.
Any account that deviates from their viewpoint is open to vicious attack (as the
case of Dr. Lowry poignantly demonstrates), which goes against what true scholarship
is about: considering all sides of the story.
"After 83 years the Turkish
government continues to deny the genocide of the Armenians by blaming the victims
and undermining historical fact with false rhetoric. Books about the genocide are
banned in Turkey."
It's the natural right of a party
accused of committing a crime to deny the crime has been committed, when the party
fully knows the crime has not been committed. I realize the writers regard Turks as
a less-than-human species, but even Turks have this right. And as far as yet another
bald-faced lie this declaration shamelessly offers us... WHICH EVERY ONE OF THE
WRITERS AND "INTELLECTUALS" WHO ADDED HIS OR HER NAME TO MUST BEAR THE
RESPONSIBILITY FOR... if books on the "Genocide" are
banned in (what Armenians like Peter Balakian would have us
believe is the "totalitarian" nation of) Turkey, then how could "turncoat" Turks be
allowed to teach in Turkish schools (like Halil Berktay, who completely parrots the
Armenian perspective)? How could Justin McCarthy write:
I go into bookstores in
Istanbul and Ankara and see books in Turkish, written by Turkish citizens. These
books state that the Turks did commit genocide. I read Turkish newspapers that
include interviews with men whose words sound as if they were been written by
Armenian nationalists. Sometimes I laugh at their arguments.
could Dr. Marashlian go to Turkey and take part in a genocide conference and get
interviewed by the Turkish press, as he
himself reports? (Eight years before this commemoration.) The link to his own
page is provided there... click on it, and see the cover of a Marashlian genocide
book (reproduced above), in Turkish, that Dr. Marashlian features on his page of the
university's web site (as of April, 2003). Do you think this Armenian-genocide book
in the Turkish language was destined for distribution in America?
are the misguided, unenlightened, deceived poor souls who signed the declaration.
(That is, some of the non-Armenians among them... the Armenians weren't among
the fools; it's their duty to add their names to the "Genocide" that supports their very cause for existence; there are also
Armenians in non-Armenian clothing, on the list) Let the world record the
non-Armenian patsies' shameless ignorance, carelessness, and dogma... and in more
than a few cases, no doubt, downright racism.
"We urge our government
officials, scholars, and the media to refrain from using evasive or euphemistic
terminology to appease the Turkish government; we ask them to refer to the 1915 annihilation
of the Armenians as genocide."
Such terminology is not meant to
appease the evil Turkish government; it is meant to be supportive of the TRUTH. The
writers of this proclamation may need to look up the meaning of that word, since
they seem to have no awareness of the concept.
While we're looking up words, perhaps you should look up the meaning for the word
"annihilation" in any dictionary. Then ask yourselves why the writers
would choose such an inaccurate word when previously they claimed a million out of
two million (really, 1.3 to 1.6 million) Armenians survived. Did not the famous
authors, experts in the English language, stop and think about this fishy
discrepancy? Don't they read what they sign?
is the main reason why the Armenians are in a tizzy to get their false
version of events recognized as a "genocide": A hopeful, eventual land grab.
The "Con Job" is alive, and
still very strong. However, take heart, truth-seekers. As with the case of the
American Indian, no longer regarded as the savage of the equation of their conflict,
one day people will come to accept what REALLY happened. It is inevitable, even with
such raging Turcophobia that
runs rampant in all corners.
Regarding the non-Armenian
"patsies" below: Sure, there are some in a different category, such as the
Robert Melsons, Roger Smiths, and Robert Jay Liftons who may be influenced by
different motivations; the majority, we must, believe, have been duped ... aided by
their pre-existing, deeply-rooted anti-Turkish belief system, near-unilaterally
exposed to the century-long disinformation campaign as they have been. However, I do
not feel sorry for these people, even if they have been duped.
Each of the authors among them knows
what it feels like to be at the mercy of an unfairly prepared book review, for works
they have put their hearts and souls into. As bad as that is however, the criticism
they have tacked their reputations onto, unwittingly or not, is not a mere criticism
of a book, or some cooking recipe; they are attacking the reputation of an entire
people, thus committing murder in the form of Rufmord; they
are not accusing the Turks of shoplifting, but of being guilty of the highest
crime in humanity, that of genocide. By forsaking their responsibility to
even-handedly look at both sides of the equation, and not just to wholly accept a
viewpoint that, on its surface, feels so "right," they have equally
forsaken their integrity... and they should be very, very ashamed of
Think of aviator/environmentalist Charles Lindbergh's heroic reputation being
sullied by his having chosen to support the Nazi position before World War II; even
those with "good" reputations below will forever have this black mark on
their records, at least posthumously... since I doubt any of them are going to
correct their erroneous conclusion before they die. Perhaps if the reader knows how
to get in touch with these misguided souls, at least the authors among them could be
helped to see the light; otherwise, I doubt any of them will wake up and say,
"Hold on a minute... I just WASN'T THINKING."
K. Anthony Appiah
Professor of Afro-American Studies & Philosophy, Harvard Univ.
Professor of History; College of William & Mary
Former Dean of the Graduate School of Journalism Univ. of California at Berkeley
Professor of English, Univ. of Pennsylvania
Writer; Professor of English, Colgate Univ.
Mary Catherine Bateson
Clarence J. Robinson Professor in English &Anthropology; George Mason Univ
Professor of Holocaust Studies, Hebrew Univ, Jerusalem
Robert N. Bellah
Elliott Professor of Sociology, Univ. of California, Berkeley
University Professor, Georgetown Univ.,
Professor of Comparative Literature, Yale Univ.
Robert McAfee Brown
Professor of Theology and Ethics Emeritus, Pacific School of Religion
Professor of History, Pacific Lutheran Univ.
Professor of History, Concordia Univ.
Israel W Charny
Director, Institute on the Holocaust and Genocide, Jerusalem
Associate Professor of American Indian Studies, Univ. of Colorado
Rev. William Sloane Coffin
Pastor Emeritus, Riverside Churchm N.Y.C.
Director, Genocide Study Project, H.F. Guggenheim Foundation
David Brion Davis
Sterling Professor of History, Yale Univ.
James Der Derian
Professor of Political Science, Univ. of Massachusetts
Marjorie Housepian Dobkin
Jean Bethke Elshtain
Laura Spelman Rockefeller Professor of Social and Political Ethics,
Univ. of Chicago Divinity School
Professor of Sociology, Yale Univ.
Acting Director, Cambodian Genocide Program, Yale Univ.
Executive Director, Institute for the Study of Genocide, John Jay College of
Lawrence J. Friedman
Professor of History, Indiana Univ.
David May Distinguished Professor of Humanities, Washington University
Henry Louis Gates, Jr.
Professor of Afro-American Studies, Harvard Univ.
Patricia Albjerg Graham Professor of Gender Studies, Harvard Univ.
Kenney Distinguished Visiting Professor of Theology, Georgetown Univ.
Associate Professor of Government & Social Studies, Harvard Univ.
Director Jewish Studies, Perdue Univ.
Professor of Theology and Ethics, Loyola Univ.
Sterling Professor of Comparative Literature, Yale Univ.
Harvard Univ.; Nobel Laureate for Literature
Professor of Psychiatry, Har Medical School
Professor of Political Science Emeritus, Univ. of Vermont
Richard G. Hovannisian
Professor of Armenian and Near Eastern History, UCLA
Professor of Sociology; Concordia Univ.
Writer, Distinguished Professor of English Emeritus, CUNY Graduate Center
Director of Jewish Studies, Professor of Religion Colgate Univ.
Professor of History, Yale Univ.
Robert Jay Lifton
Distinguished Professor of Psychiatry and Psychology, John Jay College of Criminal
The Graduate School of the City University of New York
Deborah E. Lipstadt
Dorot Professor of Modern Jewish and Holocaust Studies, Emory Univ.
on The Naked and
the Dead, Norman Mailer
Professor of Sociology, Southwestern State Univ., Minnesota
Professor of Political Science, Purdue Univ.
Dag Hammarskjöld Professor of Law, Rutgers Univ.
Henry Morgenthau III
Must Remember This,
Joyce Carol Oates
Robert A. Pois
Professor of History, Univ. of Colorado
Francis B. Randall
Professor of History, Sarah Lawrence College
Nicholas V. Riasanovsky
Sidney Hellman Professor of European History, Univ. of California, Berkeley
Henry Ford II Professor of Social Science, Harvard Univ.
Nathan A. Scott
William R. Kenan Professor of Religious Studies Emeritus, Univ. of Virginia
Professor of Communications, American Univ.
Susan Sontag Regarding
the Pain of Others?
Professor of Government, College of William & Mary
Max L. Stackhouse
Steven Colwell Professor of Chrisitian Ethics, Princeton Theological Seminary
Charles B. Srozier
Professor of History, John Jay College of Criminal Justice and
The Graduate Center, City Univ. of New York
Professor of Political Science, Univ. of Chicago
Professor of Political Science, Univ. of Michigan
D. M. Thomas
to the Monkey
House, Kurt Vonnegut
Professor of English, Boston Univ.; Nobel Laureate for Literature
Professor of Philosophy & Religion, and Afro-American Studies, Harvard Univ.
Professor Emeritus of History, Boston Univ.
Morgenthau III?? As if grandpappy
did not display enough of a lack of ethics; talk about adding salt to the wound.)
| "Lying is an act of conscious deception. Much of British atrocity propaganda was
unconscious deception built upon erroneous reports and impressions"
James Morgan Read, ATROCITY
PROPAGANDA, 1914 - 19, Yale, 1941, p.187
Exactly what the Armenians are doing
by preparing documents as the above proclamation, and successfully pulling the wool
over the eyes of bigoted, ignorant Americans. Their historians know the real truth. They are CONSCIOUSLY