Albert J. Amateau, a Jewish Turk (later, American) who
emigrated in 1910 from the Ottoman Empire (where he was born in 1889), and
whose sister and brother-in-law (residing in Rhodes) fell victim to Hitler's
Nazis, went on record with the following testimony... the reason being his
"conscientious duty to tell the truth out of my love for my native
He attempted to counter one of the many resolutions
(this one was back in 1990) brought forth by the Armenian lobby to get
America's Congress to recognize the Armenian "Genocide." Attesting
to the power of the Armenian lobby, similar resolutions repeatedly kept
popping up on the table over the years (sometimes more than once a year!), as
if Congress had no better issues to busy themselves with. The Armenians
finally succeeded in getting American politicians to officially suck up to them... later to get the
thumbs-down by President Bill Clinton.
Armenian students... prepare(d) themselves for military duty in their planned
subversive war against the Ottoman Empire
Sworn Statement of Albert J. Amateau
On this eleventh day of October in the year of 1989, there appeared before me, a notary
public duly commissioned by the State of California, Albert J. Amateau, known to me. In my
presence the said Albert J. Amateau duly took the required oath and affixed his signature
to this instrument as well as to every page of the attached Statement of Facts (nine
pages), declaring it to be an integral part of his sworn statement.
Notary Public - California
Principal Office in Sonoma County
My Commission Expires December 1, 1992
Signed and Sealed
Albert J. Amateau, residing at #413 Oak Vista Drive, in the village of Oakmont, City of
Santa Rosa, County of Sonoma in the State of California, being duly sworn, deposes that he
has prepared and hereby submits the attached statement containing (a) facts, (b) extracts
from published and/or uttered communications which disprove the allegations of Armenians
that their ethnic brethren suffered genocide by the government of the Ottoman Empire in
These facts are submitted to oppose approval of resolution S.J.212, introduced by the
Honorable Robert Dole, Senator and Republican leader of the United States Senate, at the
first session of the 101st Congress of the United States. The said resolution seeks to
designate April 24, 1990, as the "National Day of Remembrance" of the 75th
anniversary of the alleged Armenian genocide of 1915-1923 perpetrated by the government of
the Ottoman Empire.
I was born in Milas, Turkey, on April 20, 1889. In 1905 I was a student at the American
International College in Izmir (Smyrna), Turkey. At the time, The Reverend John McGlaglan
was President and I attended classes in English conducted by Professors Lawrence and
Evan-Jones. These details to make it possible to ascertain the truth of my statements.
There, I became acquainted and friendly with many Turkish born Armenian students, most of
whom were my seniors. Because my Grandfather, whose name I bear, had been the French
Consul in Izmir, I was mistakenly considered a Christian and a Frenchman. The Armenian
students felt that they could freely discuss their membership in Armenian secret
societies, i.e., Huntchak and Tashnak Zutiun, and their active participation in secret
military exercises to prepare themselves for military duty in their planned subversive war
against the Ottoman Empire and nation. In alliance and collaboration with Tsarist Russia.
not understand the Armenian logic for rebellion against a country that had
given its ethnic minorities the right to observe and practice their
religion... and favored many of them with positions of trust.
In 1906 a number of wealthy Armenians
in Izmir were assassinated. Mr. Hayik Balgosian and his friend, Mr. Artin Balokian,
had been shot by two men in front of the Balgosian mansion in Karatash, an affluent
section of Izmir. Days later, the large establishment in the center of the Izmir
Bazaar, the SIVRI-SSARIAN, wholesale dry goods warehouse and store, was bombed. Mr.
Agop Sivri-Ssarian and a number of his Armenian employees were killed. The
perpetrators then sent secret messages, in Armenian printed lettering, threatening a
number of Armenian merchants, doctors, lawyers and architects —
unless they "contributed" the sums the leaders of the secret
societies had assessed, the recepients would suffer the same fate as Balgosian and
A majority of these addresses must have "contributed." A few, who
evidently were satisfied with their economic, social and political status, did not
approve of the plans for subversion and rebellion. They informed the Izmir Police of
their suspicion of the identity of the leaders of the secret societies and that the
Apostoloc Armenian church on ERMENI MAHALLESI, the main Armenian quarters in Izmir,
was possibly the repository of arms and ammunition for the planned rebellion.
I witnessed the police raid on that church; and the truck loads of arms and
ammunition which were taken out. Also the arrest of five priests and a number of
other Armenians who were in the church at the time of the raid, including a few of
my fellow students of the American College. Evidently I had not taken the
disclosures of my fellow students seriously enough. Also, I could not understand the
Armenian logic for rebellion against a country that had given its ethnic minorities
the right to observe and practice their religion, conduct schools for the
instruction of their young in their ethnic language and favored many of them with
positions of trust. I knew of many Armenians in important positions in the Ottoman
Treasury, Foreign Affairs, and as functionaries as consuls.
have continued their nefarious activities by agitating for the introduction of their
alleged genocide into the ... public schools of the State of California
I knew of many affluent Armenian doctors, attorneys and even a
couple of bankers and architects. It was well known that the Armenians were the merchant
princes of the Empire and that the Sultan favored them, especially because, of all the
ethnic communities, they were the only ones who spoke the difficult Turkish language as a
second language to their own Armenian.
Armenian terrorists in the United States and their duped friends have made it a career to
assassinate Turkish consular officials, supposedly in revenge for the alleged Armenian
massacre in 1915. Their prelates, leaders, and even our own California governor, Mr.
Deukmejian, have not seen fit to express their disapproval, and by their silence have
tacitly approved of the assassinations.
The leaders of the secret Armenian societies, Huntchak and Tashnak
Zutiun, have continued their nefarious activities by agitating for the introduction of
their alleged genocide into the instruction program of the public schools of the State of
They have also been able, through their boast of one million Armenian votes, to influence
State representatives in passing laws to place their Armenian program for a motion picture
Now they are trying to have the Congress of the United States pass a resolution to
designate April 24, 1990, as the 75th anniversary of their alleged genocide of 1.5 million
Armenians by the "Ottoman Turks in 1915". I am amazed that intelligent and
politically astute gentlemen, such as Senator Robert Dole, the leader of the Republicans
in the Senate, and others, his colleagues, have been importuned to sponsor that resolution
without any proof of the veracity of the Armenian claims. There is no doubt in my mind
that Senator Dole and his colleagues are honest and honorable men. They have been duped to
believe the Armenian allegations as true.
To establish the truth to the satisfaction of the Senators, I am submitting extracts from
statements — in fact, avowais — by Armenian leaders in their addresses
and/or communications with their adherents. These extracts, and the entire statements, are
unimpeachable, and the veracity of my quotes can be easily ascertained. I am also
submitting statements of others, but especially of Professor John Dewey, of Columbia
University, who investigated the Armenian claims of genocide.
The entire ARMENIAN NATION will join forces .... as comrades in arms of
a) EXTRACTS from the November 1914 issue
of the OFFICIAL ARMENIAN GAZETTE HUNTCHAK, published in Paris, France, by the
Armenian Revolutionary Committee of the ARMENIAN NATION. This was a CALL TO ARMS!
"...The entire ARMENIAN NATION will join forces — moral and material,
and waving the sword of REVOLUTION, will enter this World conflict.... as comrades
in arms of the Triple Entente, and particularly RUSSIA. They will cooperate with the
ALLIES, making full use of all political and revolutionary means for the final
victory of Armenia, Cilicia, Caucasus, Azerbayjan.... heroes who will sacrifice
their lives for the great cause of Armenia....Armenians proud to shed their blood
for the cause of Armenia...." -Please note the date. It was even before the
declaration of war.
is no claim of genocide
b) EXTRACTS from a letter dated JANUARY 27, 1918, and
published in the LONDON TIMES on JANUARY 30, 1918 (Holdwater
note: I believe the year is 1919), signed by BOGHOS NUBAR, the recognized leader of the Armenian
Revolutionary Federation, TASHNAK ZUTIUN. This was a complaint that the Allies had
refused to invite the ARMENIAN REVOLUTIONARY COMMITTEE HUNTCHAK to the PEACE
CONFERENCE at which the treaty between Turkey and the Allies was signed in Lauzanne,
"...The unspeakable sufferings and the dreadful losses that have befallen the
Armenian Nation by reason of their faithfulness to the Allies.... The fact well
known only to a few that ever since the beginning of the war, Armenians fought by
the side of the Allies on all fronts... Armenians have been belligerents 'de facto'
since their indignant refusal to side with the Turks... our volunteers fought in
Syria and Palestine (at the time part of the Ottoman Empire) in the decisive victory
of General Allenby.... After the breakdown of Russia, the Armenian legions were the
only forces to resist the advances of the Turks whom they held in check until the
armistice was signed. Thus they helped the British forces in Mesopotamia (at the
time also part of the Ottoman Empire) by hindering the German/Turkish forces from
sending troops elsewhere."
----Please note the reference to refusal to side with the Turks, the nation where
they were born and of which they were a part. There is no claim of genocide.
allegations of ... genocide are a later invention to compel the new Turkish Republic
to cede to them the five vilayets ... which they later had to give up to the Turkish
Republic after a brief war.
c) EXTRACTS from the MANIFESTO, delivered by His
Excellency, HOVHANES KATCHAZOUNI, PRIME MINISTER of the ARMENIAN REPUBLIC (established
after the First World War) at the CONVENTION of the ARMENIAN REVOLUTIONARY FEDERATION, in
Bucharest, Romania, JULY 1923. This was in the nature of a report. "...In the fall of
1914, when Turkey had not yet entered the war but was already making preparations,
Armenian revolutionary bands began to form with great enthusiasm...
The ARMENIAN REVOLUTIONARY FEDERATION had active participation in the formation of these
bands and the military action against TURKEY... In the fall of 1914 Armenian volunteer
bands fought against TURKEY... This was an inevitable result of the psychology on which
the Armenian Nation had been nourished during an entire generation... the winter of 1914
and the spring of 1915 were periods of great activity, greatest enthusiasm and hopes... We
had no doubt that the war would end with complete victory for the Allies and Turkey would
be defeated and dismembered, and its Armenian population would at least be liberated... We
had embraced Russia wholeheartedly without any compun(...)... we believed that the Tsarist
government would grant us self government in the Caucasus and in the Armenian vilayets
(Turkish provinces where many Armenians resided), liberated from Turkey, as a reward for
our loyalty, our efforts and our assistance. Unfortunately Russia did not keep its
One and a half million Armenians are claimed to have been massacred. The avowals of their
leaders prior to and after the First World War prove that there had been no massacre —
their leaders would have referred to it or claimed it as their calamity, or at least as
their contribution to the Allied cause. The allegations of massacre and/or genocide are a
later invention to compel the new Turkish Republic to cede to them the five vilayets where
they had installed the Armenian Republic, which they later had to give up to the Turkish
Republic after a brief war. The Armenians have ever since been trying to obtain either the
territory to add to the Russian Armenian Republic, or a large sum of money as the price
for stopping the terrorism.
first hand information and evidence of Armenian atrocities against our people (Jews)
which preceded the (1915) so-called massacre of Armenians..."
The Armenian people must blame their own
leaders and their secret revolutionary societies for the subversive actions which
led to their participation in the war with the Allies. They can blame Russia for
reneging on its promise, and the Allies for not giving them due credit for their
help, but they certainly have no reason to blame the Turkish Republic and/or even
the now defunct Ottoman Empire, as their own leaders confessed. Let us now see what
Professor John Dewey, of Columbia University, has to say — a broad minded
Christian gentleman who went to the Middle East in 1928 to investigate the Armenian
claims of genocide. This is extracted from his report published in THE NEW REPUBLIC, vol. 40, November 12,
"Few Americans who mourn, and justly, the miseries of the Armenians, are aware
that till the rise of the nationalistic ambitions, beginning with the 70s, the
Armenians were the favored portion of the population of Turkey; or that in the Great
War, they treacherously turned Turkish cities over to the Russian invaders; that
they have boasted of having raised a hundred and fifty thousand (150,000) men to
fight a civil war, that they burned at least one hundred (100) Turkish villages and
exterminated their populations. I do not mention these things by way of appraising
or extenuating blame, because the story of provocations and reprisals is as futile
as it is endless. Finally, one recalls that the Jews took their abode in
"fanatic" Turkey when they were expelled from Europe, especially Spain, by
"Saintly" Christians, and they have lived in Turkey for some centuries, at
least in as much tranquility and liberty as their fellow Muslim Turks, all being
exposed alike to the rapacity of their common rulers. To one brought up, as most
Armenians have been, in the Gladstonian and foreign missionary traditions, the
condition of the Jews of Turkey is almost a mathematical demonstration that
religious differences had no influence in the tragedy of Turkey, only as they were
combined with the aspirations for political separation, which every nation in the
world would have treated as treasonable..."
Professor Dewey had evidently not been told of the rejection by the Jewish
Communities of Turkey of the appeals by the European Zionists for political and
financial assistance. Insofar as the Jews of Turkey were concerned, the Zionist
proposals were "subversive," unless and until the Ottoman government
agreed to them. At no time did the Jews of Turkey nurse aspirations for political
separation from their Ottoman saviors, who had received them when no other country
allowed their either entry or residence. In 1922 in Izmir, Kemal Ataturk, when he
captured 100,000 Greek soldiers who had been allowed by the Allied governments to
invade and occupy Turkey in Asia, said: "OF ALL THE ETHNIC MILLETS
(Communities) THE JEWS ELECTED TO REMAIN LOYAL TO THEIR MOTHERLAND."
Now for a brief view of Armenian atrocities
against Muslim and Jews — EXTRACTS from a letter dated December 11, 1983,
published in the SAN FRANCISCO CHRONICLE, as an answer to a letter that had been
published in the same journal under the signature of one B. AMARIAN, claiming 1.5
million victims of genocide by the Ottoman Turks:
"...We have first hand information and evidence of Armenian atrocities against
our people (Jews) which preceded the so-called massacre of Armenians which you
allege in 1915. Members of our family witnessed the murder of 148 members of our
family near Erzurum, Turkey, by Armenian neighbors, bent on destroying anything and
anybody remotely Jewish and/or Muslim. Armenians should look to their own history
and see the havoc they and their ancestors perpetrated upon their neighbors...
Armenians were in league with HITLER in the last war, on his promise to grant them
self government if, in return, the Armenians would help exterminate Jews...
Armenians were also hearty proponents of the anti-Semitic acts in league with the
Russian Communists. Mr Amarian! Prove that, as you say, a large scale massacre of
Armenians occured. I don't need your bias." Signed ELIHU BEN LEVI, Vacaville,
Attached as the last page of this statement is
proof of Armenian collaboration with Hitler.
|Werfel confessed to me his shame and remorse for having written that
My friend, Franz Werfel, of Vienna, Austria, a
writer, wrote a book entitled THE 40 DAYS AT MUSSA DAGH, a history of the massacre of
Armenians by the Ottoman Turks. The story was told him by his friend, the Armenian Bishop
of Vienna and Werfel never doubted the Bishop's account. He did not investigate what he
wrote. Years later, when the true facts about Mussa Dagh were established by the research
of neutral investigators - which was never denied by the Armenians — Werfel discovered
that he had been duped by his friend, the Bishop, with a concocted story. Werfel confessed
to me his shame and remorse for having written that story, in which he had blamed the
Ottomans as the aggressors and terrorists.
Holdwater: Professor Erich
Feigl, in his book, "The Myth of Terror," refers to Albert Amateau... as
"Abraham Sou Sever"; the root of "Amateau" means "lover of
water," which is what "Sou [really, 'Su'] Sever" means in Turkish).
...The Bishop had
claimed 50,000 victims captured and put to death — an invented story, just as
is the story of 1.5 million massacred in 1915
Fifty thousand Armenians, residents of villages in and around Erzurum in Turkey
surreptitiously ascended a mountain called Mussa Dagh (dagh is Turkish for mountain)
with arms, ammunition, victuals and water, sufficient to withstand a siege of many
days. Before ascending that mountain, they had captured hundreds of Muslim Turks and
Jews, their fellow citizens and neighbors, with whom they were supposedly on good
terms. They murdered them all in cold blood, for no other reason than they were
Muslims and Jews. Thereafter, every night armed Armenian bands came down from that
mountain and attacked the rear of the Ottoman and German armies fighting the Russian
invaders. This was at the very beginning of the First World War, and part of the
secret plans made by the Russians and assigned to the Armenian Revolutionary
The Turks were mystified. The Armenian attackers would disappear. Try as they did,
at first the Ottomans were unable to trace the disappearing Armenians, but finally
they discovered that Mussa Dagh was the hiding place. The Ottomans found the
mountain fortress unassailable. They laid siege and waited 40 days before the
Armenian rear guard conceded defeat and laid down their arms. But the Ottoman forces
found the mountain empty. The large army had disappeared down the other side of the
mountain where they had found an exit to the Mediterranean. French and British
men-of-war had been signaled and they picked up the main army, transporting the
soldiers to Alexandria, Egypt, then under the control of the British. Less than 500,
the rear guard who gave themselves up, were captured by the Ottomans.
Yet, in telling the story to Werfel to write, the Bishop had claimed 50,000 victims
captured and put to death — an invented story, just as is the story of 1.5
million massacred in 1915. If 1.5 million Armenian lost their lives during that war,
they died as soldiers, fighting a war of their own choosing against the Ottoman
Empire which had treated them decently and benignly. They were the duped victims of
the Russians, of the Allies, and of their own Armenian leaders. A few thousand
Armenians may have lost their lives during their relocation, caused by their own
|I beg the
Honorable Senators and other government officials to demand from the Armenians proof of their
In making this expose of the truth and disclosing my home address, I
know that I risk Armenian harassment. I have already been subjected to telephone and
written threats! However, the truth must be told. As one born in the Ottoman Empire, from
which I emigrated in 1910 and have never returned to live, I must declare:
1) I am not and never have been employed or paid by any government in Turkey.
2) I am not now and never have been financially interested in any business in Turkey.
3) My parents died before the Second World War. My sister and brother-in-law, residents of
the Island of Rhodes, were captured and murdered by Hitler's Nazis. I have no relatives or
friends in Turkey. It should be evident that I have no motive in taking the risk, other
than my conscientious duty to tell the truth out of my love for my native land. I beg the
Honorable Senators and other government officials to demand from the Armenians proof of
their claims and explanation of the statement of avowals made by their own leaders. Under
the circumstances and in view of the above proof, I cannot conceive that the Senators can
in good conscience pass that resolution.
It is not enough to say that they do not mean to hurt the Turks or Turkish/American
relations. By entertaining that resolution without proof, they are actually going against
the interests of Turkey and the safety of the United States and of NATO.
MORE ON ALBERT
York Times Obituary
Haham Albert J. Amateau, Z"L
Obituary of a 20th Century Sephardic Advocate
Rabbi Albert J. Amateau, 106, Sephardic-Leader Dies
New York Times, February 29, 1996 - Albert J. Amateau, who spent years as a social worker,
rabbi, lawyer, Federal official and businessman and still found room for a lifetime of
civic and charitable endeavors, died on Feb, 9 at his home in Santa Rosa, Calif. He was
Amateau, in his ripe old age
A native of Turkey, where his maternal grandfather
settled after being Chief Rabbi f Palestine, Mr. Amateau came to the United States in 1910
and immediately plunged into the swirl of immigrant life in New York.
A descendant of Jews, who were expelled from Spain in 1492 and settled in Turkey, Mr.
Amateau, who married the niece of the Chief Rabbi of the Ottoman Empire, was deeply
involved in Sephardic affairs in the United States.
Among other things, he worked to draw Sephardic Jews into Jewish life in New York and
founded a series of Sephardic fraternal organizations, including one established to
support the Turkish Government formed after World War 1.
One of his more unusual careers began when he was working his way through Cooper Union as
a projectionist in a silent movie theater and broke up a fight between two gesturing but
silent patrons. Learning they were deaf, he became so intrigued with their plight that
after earning a master's degree in social work from Columbia University, he became
executive director of the Society for the Welfare of the Jewish Deaf.
Later, after ordination at the Jewish Theological Seminary, he became the first rabbi of a
congregation of the deaf, conducting services in sign language.
In an abrupt career switch, he received a degree from the Fordham Law School in 1930 and,
while in private practice, was drawn into politics by James Farley, the chairman of the
Democratic National Committee. Mr. Amateau founded the Sephardic Democratic Club and
directed a voter registration drive among immigrants.
He was later area director of the Federal Wages and Hours Commission for eight states from
New Jersey to Louisiana. As head of the American Interracial Council before World War II,
he worked to improve, relations between Arabs and Jews at meetings in Geneva and helped
renegotiate British quotas for immigration of Jews to Palestine.
After working with Turkish earthquake relief organizations in 1939, he switched careers
and coasts, moving to California, where he started a successful dubbing and subtitle
service for the Hollywood movie industry, helped found the Sephardic Home for the Aged and
led a Rotary Club project to bring Korean heart patients to the United States for cardiac
surgery in the 1970's.
In 1992, to commemorate 500 years of peaceful coexistence between Muslims and Jews in
Turkey and other Ottoman lands, he helped found the American Society of Jewish Friends of
Turkey and was named its honorary presidenL
Mr. Amateau had been kept busy in recent years receivinq honors from Turkish-American
organizations. He recently gave the Sephardic Temple in Los Angeles the only possession he
had brought with him to the United States more than 85 years ago, a rare Turkish
translation of the Hebrew Bible, written in Turkish using phonetic spelling with Hebrew
Mr. Amateau, whose first wife died many years ago, is survived by his second wife, Edith;
a son, Rod, of Beverly Hills, two grandchildren and two great grandchildren.
Mr. Amateau would
have been outraged
To: Jewish Bulletin
San Francisco, CA
March 20, 1996
To the Editor:
Your March 8 issue contained an obituary article on Albert Amateau, the Sephardim
leader and —I’m proud to say — my friend, who died at the age of 106 in Santa
Rosa. Mr. Amateau’s social activism, humanitarianism and concern for justice
continued throughout his remarkable life, which spanned from the nineteenth century
to almost the end of this one, and from the now-defunct Ottoman Empire to modern-day
America. The late Joseph Papo, in his comprehensive work, “Sephardim in Twentieth
Century America,” devotes an entire section to the contributions of Albert J.
Amateau to the welfare of the Sephardim in this country. His oral history, recorded
by me in 1985, is deposited at the Western Oral History archives of the Judah Magnes
One of Mr. Amateau’s attributes was a passionate sense for social justice, which
he often voiced in defense of his native country, Turkey, against the false
allegations of its enemies and detractors in the United States. One of these
involved the accusation of the “genocide” of Armenians in Turkey in the early
part of this century. Mr. Amateau had witnessed Armenian terrorism against Muslim
Turks (and not the other way around) and the confiscation by the government of the
large cache of arms and ammunition stored in an Armenian church in Izmir. How sadly
ironic, therefore, that the one issue which he most ardently and unremmitingly
contested —the equating of the Jewish holocaust with the massive deaths of
Armenians in the Ottoman Empire — was repeated as fact in your newspaper (article
on “Actor in play about genocide”) in the very same issue which included his
obituary. Mr. Amateau’s sister and family on the island of Rhodes were obliterated
by the Nazis. None of them or any of the six million Jews of Europe were part of an
armed insurrection. Mr. Amateau would have been outraged at the suggestion!