Tall Armenian Tale


The Other Side of the Falsified Genocide


  Armenian Newspaper Coverage — "1915" Decade  
First Page


Major Players
Links & Misc.



Mahmut Ozan
Edward Tashji
Sam Weems

 The bigoted American and Western press naturally depicted "The Armenian Question" almost entirely from the perspective of Armenian and WWI propaganda. (The partisanship was so blatant, for example, eastern Anatolia, part of the Ottoman Empire for centuries, was often referred to as "Armenia.") But even with some of these articles, the inconsistencies of the genocide tale slipped through; sometimes the newspapers even released accounts of the Armenians' belligerence (frequently couched in terms such as "self-defense," but in reality exposing the lie that there was no Armenian rebellion).

This page will feature some of these accounts, as well as others of interest, taking place during the "1915" decade.

Many thanks to Gokalp.


0)   Armenians Enrolled in a Volunteer Force.
1)   Armenians Side with Russians
2)   Thieving as Turkey Mobilizes; Armenians Besiege Van
3)   Armenians Join Russians and 20,000 Scatter Turks
4)   Germans in Constantinople / Turkey Compelled to Help Germany
5)   Cossacks Rout Turks / England Declares War / Annexes Cyprus
6)   Armenians Are Fighting Turks In Self Defense
7)   Turkish Origin of Military Bands
8)   Armenians Fight for Russia
9)   Armenian Force Increased to 15,000 / Kurdish Separatist
10) Enver Pasha's Boast of Bloody Butchery
) Kurds Continue Atrocities
12) Case of the [Ship Named] Armenian
13) A Russian Army Camp in Turkish Armenia
14) Turks Driven Back — Armenians Big Help
15) Kurdistan Villages Robbed of Population
15b) Americans Tell Terrible Tales of Turk Cruelty
16) Armenians Loot Turk Homes in Retaliation
17) Armenians Slay Turks in Revolt
18) Russians Victorious (with 50,000 Armenian volunteers)
19) Armenian Volunteers Aided General Allenby
20) America's Only Terms to the Huns: Unconditional Surrender
21) Armenians Go to Europe to Fight for the Allies
22) Armenia Loyal to the Allies
23) Armenians Recapture Erzerum After a Battle with the Turks
24) Armenians Seek Original Country & Independence
25) Turkey has a Greek Peril
26) Armenians in Revolt


Armenians Enrolled in a Volunteer Force.

The New York Times, October 31, 1914.

Armenians and Caucasians Enrolled in a Volunteer Force.

Special Cable to THE NEW YORK TIMES.

PETROGRAD, Oct. 30, (Dispatch to the London Daily Chronicle.)—The Turkish Ambassador has not left Petrograd and the Russian Ambassador has not left Constantinople.

The impression prevails here that Germany has forced the conflict against the will of the members of the Turkish Government.

Russia is well prepared to deal with the new situation created in Turkey. The Black Sea fleet has long been in readiness, and, in addition to the regular troops in the Caucasus, a volunteer corps has been organized among the Armenians, the Georgians, the Mohammedans. The Armenians in particular are overjoyed at the prospect of fighting their hereditary enemy, and wealthy Armenian merchants are contributing large sums for the equipment of the volunteer forces.

Caucasian mountaineers are enrolling, too, with the greatest alacrity. Most of them are Mohammedans, but their sympathies are not with Turkey, and fighting is the breath of life to them. They ask no greater boon than to be allowed to use their horses and rifles against Russia’s enemies.

The settled Tartar population of the Caucasus, which has been more directly exposed to Ottoman influences, has given innumerable proofs of its loyalty to Russia.

The Petrograd newspapers express concern at the attitude of Bulgaria, but most of them refuse ot [sic] admit the possibility of her aiding Turkey against the empire that liberated her from the Ottoman yoke.

Holdwater: Even though the Russians knew that Germany was pulling the strings on Oct. 31, Russia would waste no time in declaring war against the Ottoman Empire, only four days later.

(Thanks to Pinar.)

Armenians Side with Russians

Elyria Evening Telegram, November 13, 1914; also nearly duplicated in Fort Wayne Journal Gazette, Nov. 13, 1914, "Armenians Active In European War," as well as the Manitoba Free Press, Nov. 13, 1914 ("Unearthing Guns and Ammunition"); parts may also be read in the Washington Post piece below.


Want to Get Into War in order to Be Delivered From Turkish Rule, Says Dispatch From Petrograd

Petrograd, Nov. 13, via London.-Reports reaching the Russian capital from the Turkish border attach increasing importance to the part the Armenians are playing in the Russian-Turkish war.

During the days when coats were ten dollars and
sweaters cost a buck.

In several towns occupied by the Russians the Armenian students have shown themselves ready to join the invading army and explained that they had prepared themselves for the Russian approach by constant drilling and by gathering arms, secretly. All along the line of march, according to these dispatches, the Armenian peasants are receiving the Russian troops with enthusiasm and giving them provisions freely.

An Armenian newspaper, referring to this crisis in the history of Armenia, publishes the following.

"The long anticipated way of deliverance for the Turkish Armenians is at hand, and the Armenians are prepared for any sacrifice made necessary by the performance of their manifest duty."

From this border country there have come to Petrograd further reports of armed conflicts arising from the refusal of Armenians to become Turkish conscripts and surrender their arms.

It is now rumored that the Important city of Van is besieged by Armenian guerrilla bands in great force. In Feitun the bands are said to exceed 20,000 in number, and they are reported to have defeated all the Turkish troops sent against them, causing the Turks heavy losses.

A dispatch received here from Constantinople says that the Turkish cruiser Goeben was penetrated by a shell at her water line during the recent bombardment of the Dardanelles by the allied Anglo-French fleet. The damage inflicted is described as serious.

The Goeben is one of the two German cruisers taken over by Turkey after the outbreak of the war.

Thieving as Turkey Mobilizes; Armenians Besiege Van

Manitoba Free Press
(Winnipeg), Nov. 7, 1914


General Seizure of Even Silk Stockings and Sets of Furniture and Ladies’ Shoes

New York, Nov. 6—Merchandise of every conceivable value is being seized by officers of the Ottoman government in cities of Syria, under the general orders of mobilization of troops according to reports from missionaries made public today by the board of foreign missions of the Presbyterian church.

“Under the order of mobilization,” the board states, “unwilling conscripts are being gathered, each soldier being required to bring with him from his home eight days’ rations with a certain amount of money. The local officials have turned the orders to commandeer horses, mules food and fodder into a most wicked and unbridled system of plunder. They have entered the shops at Beirut at all hours of the night and day, and have seized not only flour and articles of food, but dry goods, clothing, household utensils, silk stockings by the gross, foreign made shoes for women, and expensive sets of furniture.”

Persia’s Neutrality

Washington, Nov. 6—Mirza Alii [Kuli?] Khan, the charge of the Persian legation here, called upon Acting Secretary Lansing at the state department today to inform him officially that his country had decided to preserve an attitude of strict neutrality as between Russia and Turkey during the war.

Turkey Divided.

London, Nov. 6—The Sofia, Bulgaria, correspondent of Reuter’s sends the following dispatch:

“A number of subjects of the powers in the triple entente have arrived here from Constantinople. They report that the Turkish capital is quiet and that the military law is being enforced with the utmost rigor.

“I learned that even the Grand Vizier was unable to free himself from the trammels of the military party. He tried thrice to resign, but was threatened with court-martial and forced to remain in office against his will. The best informed of the Turkish public are opposed to war, it is said. They consider the situation as most critical to Turkey but have kept silent through fear of arousing the enmity of the military party.

“Trade is at a standstill in Constantinople. The cruiser Goeben, accompanied by four torpedo boats, proceeded to the Black Sea Tuesday.

Armenians Besiege Van.

London, Nov. 7—A dispatch received by the Daily Telegraph from Tiflis, capital of the Lieutenancy of Caucasia, by way of Moscow, says:

“The Turkish town of Van (140 miles southeast of Erzurum, Turkish Armenia), is being besieged by a detachment of Armenians who are aiding the Russians. The town has a large arsenal. Another detachment is operating in the rear of the Turkish army.”

Holdwater: Note the Ottoman Empire was in such dire straits, the drafted men were asked to bring supplies and money from home! (As if being taken into the army wasn't bad enough, they had to pay for it..!) Let's note here that Armenian propaganda loves to tell us the Armenian conscripts were especially picked on (excluding the many who dodged the draft and joined the enemy; see article below), but the fact is, everyone was being treated unfairly.

Armenians Join Russians and 20,000 Scatter Turks

The Washington Post, Nov. 13, 1914

Armenians Join Russians



Russians Scatter a Big Army Occupying Batum Valley.


British Capture Turkish Torpedoboat, and Czar's Troops Damage the Former German Cruiser Goeben-Americans Join Russians-Twenty Thousand Defeat Ottoman Forces at Feitun.

London, Nov. 12.— The Russian army of Armenia, whose base is on Kars, Transcaucasia, is approaching the Turkish fortress of Erzerum.

A dispatch from Petrograd says:

"A graphic account has been received here of the end of the Russian transport Truth, which the Russians sank sooner than surrender her to the Turkish cruiser Goeben. When called upon to surrender her captain headed the Truth for the shore, opened the valves, and blew a hole In the bottom of the vessel

Sailors Sing as Ship Sinks.

"Lieut. Ragowsky perished while attempting to fire a second charge of explosives. Part of the crew got off In boats, while the others Jumped Into the water, and were picked up by the Turkish ships.

"The ship's chaplain and a handful of men were left aboard. As the ship went down the chaplain was seen on deck giving his blessing to the men, who remained about him cheering and singing the national anthem."

A Turkish torpedoboat which escaped from the Dardanelles has been captured off Tenedos, an island five miles off the northwest coast of Asia Minor, according to an Athens dispatch.

An Amsterdam dispatch says that the kaiser has ordered that all Mohammedans captured from the allied armies be sent to Constantinople to serve in the Turkish army.

Pic from the front page: WAR, WITH "ALL THE COMFORTS OF HOME." The British trenches along the [Al?ne] are so ingeniously constructed as to afford almost complete protection. Hot meals are served, newspapers are read, and a system of hot baths has in some instances been installed. The floor of the trenches is sloped so as to give good drainage and are arranged so as to communicate with one another.

Austrian Officers for Turkey.

A telegram from Bucharest, Roumania, says that Halil Bey, uncle of Enver Bey, the leader of the Young Turks, has arrived there on a special mission in behalf of Turkey.

Rome, Nov. 12-Advices from Constantinople say that the Ottoman army still lacks 700 officers, and that the authorities at Berlin were requested to supply them. Berlin replied that it would be impossible to send all Germans, but would supplement them with Austrians, who would travel to Constantinople individually as civilians.

Petrograd, Nov. 12-- A dispatch received here from Constantinople says that the Turkish cruiser Goeben was penetrated by a shell at her waterline during the recent bombardment of the Dardanelles by the allied Anglo-French fleet. The damage Inflicted is described as serious.

Russians Take Many Turks.

An official communication from the general staff of the Caucasian army under date of November 10 says "Small skirmishes In the region beyond Tchoruk River, in the neighborhood of the province of Batum have occurred. "We maintained our position at Koprukeut. Turkish attempts to envelop us resulting in failure. We captured many prisoners and large quantities of munitions. We have occupied all of the valley of Alasckertaka.

"According to a Turkish officer taken prisoner, the Turkish army commanded by Hassan tazet Pasha, is guided by Germans."

Armenians Fighting the Turks.

In several towns occupied by the Russians the Armenian students have shown themselves ready to join the invading army. Reports tell of armed conflicts arising from the refusal of Armenians to become Turkish conscripts, and surrender their arms.

It is now rumored that the city of Van Is besieged by Armenian guerrilla bands In great force.

In Feitun the Armenians are said to exceed 20,000 in number, and they are reported to have defeated all the Turkish troops sent against them, causing the Turks heavy losses.

Holdwater: Note these 20,000 Armenians were all Ottoman-Armenians.

A peculiar pattern in reports featuring Armenian belligerence was that the "Armenians fighting Turks" angle rated big headlines, and yet there were hardly many details in the accompanying text; in the example above, no less than three other topics preceded the Armenian portion. This must have been the bigoted editors' way of making their bigoted readers feel good; at last the poor, helpless Armenians were giving the monstrous Turks well-deserved comeuppance!

The accent above is on how the Germans were in control of many segments of the Ottoman military, and the shortage of military manpower (the example here was in the officer corps, but the problem was extensive), demonstrating how desperate the situation was for the Ottomans. The last thing they needed was to deal with many thousands of their own traitorous, revolting Armenians.

Germans in Constantinople / Turkey Compelled to Help Germany

Two articles from  The Manitoba Free Press, Nov. 13, 1914

Asquith May Ask for Million More Men

Reports in Lobbies at Westminster Are That Demand for Funds, on Tuesday Will be for Billion Dollars With Probability of Half Crown Income Tax in Addition —Three Thousand German Officers in Turkish Naval Service — Kaiser's Men Control Constantinople.



London, Nov. 12.-An Englishman, long a resident of Constantinople, which city he left on Nov. 1, has arrived in London. He says that in addition to the crews of the cruisers Goeben and Brealau, nearly 3,000 German officers are in the Turkish naval service. Two months ago, he says, all the German clerks of public and private establishments were taken over by the military authorities and placed in charge of the telegraph and postal departments and the censorship.

He adds: "Every Turkish ship has a German officer in command. It was a mistake that the Khedive was not allowed to return to Egypt some time ago, where he could have carefully watched developments, whereas in Constantinople, he is the centre of the intrigues of discontented Arabs of the Nationalist party and Germans."


Rome, Nov. 12.-Advices from Constantinople say that the Ottoman army still lacks 700 officers and that the authorities at Berlin were requested to supply them. Berlin replied that it would be impossible to send all Germans, but would supplement them with Austrians who would travel to Constantinople individually as civilians.


Manitoba Free Press, Nov. 13, 1914, from the article, "Turks Attack on Koprukeni Repulsed With Heavy Loss."


Turkey Compelled to Help Germany

London, Nov. 13:—(2-57 a.m.)—The Morning Post's Athens correspondent says:

"According to statements made by a diplomat here, Turkey was compelled to enter the war by a secret treaty made some years ago with Germany whereby Turkey agreed to assist Germany if war was declared on Germany if war was declared on Germany by Russia.

"In return Germany likewise agreed to assist Turkey if Russia declared war on Turkey.

"At the opening of the war Germany demanded Turkey's assistance, but the Turkish cabinet, which regarded such an act as suicidal, replied that Turkey would be unable to assist because she had no money, because the army was going through a period of reorganization, and because the fleet was powerless to defend the capitol.

"Germany answered these objections by sending money, men and ships, whereupon Turkey was compelled to enter the arena because of her solemn treaty obligations."

Holdwater: Interesting explanation as to why the Ottoman Empire joined the Central Powers; this one has not been as widely circulated.

Cossacks Rout Turks/England Declares War/Annexes Cyprus


The Syracuse Herald, November 5, 1914


Petrograd Statement Says the Kurds Fled, Leaving the Wounded.

By F. L. Murray
Petrograd, Nov. 5 — Additional victories for Russian troops in their invasion of Asiatic Turkey were announced in an official report from the general staff issued here to-day. The Cossack forces are advancing rapidly and inflicting sudden blows upon the Turks.

The official report follows:

"In the Caucasus one of our columns suddenly attacked the enemy near Ardost, fifteen miles south of Kars, near the Armenian frontier. The Turks fled, deserting their wounded.

"Dislodging the Turks from their positions, at [Id?] (about fifty-eight miles west of Ardost), the Russian troops took a large quantity of food supplies. Our troops captured Raorasan (southeast of Id in Armenia) after a sharp fight. The Russian force there consisted of 100 Cossacks. They attacked the enemy's trenches and sabred the Turkish infantry.

"Another column traveling fifty-six miles in thirty hours over difficult roads encountered Turkish troops at Mysonne and Diyadin (about forty-five miles west of the frontier.) Our troops dispersed a large force of Kurds and occupied Diyardin, where we took a large quantity of munitions of war and numerous prisoners.

On November 3d we captured Bayazid after routing the Turkish troops, who offered strong resistance.



If Triple Entente Is Victorious in This War, Russia Will Undoubtedly Open the Dardanelles

London, Nov. 5.— England declared war on Turkey to-day as Tewfik Pasha, the Ottoman envoy, left London with his staff. The formal declaration of hostilities caused no surprise as England and Russia have been waging war on Turkey for several days.

This action by England only served to emphasize the great political upsets that have occurred in the present struggle in Europe. For many decades England has fought both with arms arid diplomacy to prevent Russia gaining possession of the Dardanelles and thus securing an outlet into the Mediterranean. But if the Triple Entente is victorious over the Teutonic allies in the present conflict, Russia will undoubtedly gain in the end which she has long sought.

In the Russo-Turkish war, when it looked as if Russia would be victorious England and France sided with Turkey and the Muscovite aim was defeated.

Envoy Goes, to the Continent

London, Nov. 5 — Tewfik Pasha, the Turkish ambassador, and his staff left London to-day for the continent and the rupture of relations between England and the Porte was complete.

While the destination of the ambassador was stated to be Constantinople, it is believed he would not go there, as he has opposed the war party.

The severance of diplomatic relations would have occurred several days earlier, but for a personal plea from the envoy to Sir Edward Grey to delay acting until he could try to influence the Porte in favor of maintaining neutrality and granting the wishes of the Triple Entente.

A dispatch to the Times from Dedeagatch says that the Grand Vizier knew nothing of the Black Sea raid until after it occurred. The minister of marine was also ignorant of the plan to open hostilities and learned of it only in a roundabout way. Then he demanded an explanation from Enver Bey and was informed that Russia had attacked the Turkish fleet.

This statement received no corroboration and the minister of marine resigned. Other ministers who favored neutrality did likewise and the Grand Vizier later gave up his office.

England Annexes Island of Cyprus

London, Nov. 5.— Great Britain has annexed the Island of Cyprus. Official announcement to this effect was made by the Gazette to-day. Cyprus has been nominally a Turkish possession, but in reality it has belonged to England since that country took control of it and governed it by a resident commissioner.

The island has a population of more than 250,000. It is about [148] miles long and from a forty to fifty miles in width.

The defensive alliance between Great Britain and Turkey having become annulled by the outbreak of war, the British government decided that it was necessary to appropriate the island in order that proper provision might be made for its government and for Its protection.

The island, since the Anglo-Turkish convention of 1878, had been occupied and administered by Great Britain though it had remained under the suzerainty of the Sultan.

(Continued on Next Page)

Holdwater: Ambassador Morgenthau corroborated in his "Story" book that Jemal Pasha, the Minister of Marine, was surprised by the attack upon the Russian coast.

Armenians Are Fighting Turks In Self Defense


The Newark Advocate, November 7, 1914; the same article was also in The Dallas News, Nov. 8, 1914: "ARMENIANS AND TURKS FIGHT. Several Sharp Engagements at Lake Van," as well as in the last segment of the Atlanta newspaper report, provided below.

Americans [sic] Are Fighting Turks In Self Defense


Petrograd, via London, .Nov. 7.—A dispatch received here from Tlflls, says Armenian refugees reaching there report that volunteer bands of Armenians have had several sharp engagements with the Turkish garrison at Van on Lake Van In Armenia, and about 145 miles south-east of Erzerum.

These bands of Armenians have come together in the interior of Turkey for self defense.


The Atlanta Constitution, Nov. 8, 1914


Soldiers from India Occupy Fao,on Persian Gulf — Russians Claim to Be Driving Turks in Great Disorder.

London November 8 — (12:30 a. m. ) The admiralty announces the occupation of Fao, a port of Asiatic Turkey at the mouth of the River [?hat] el- Arab in the Persian gulf. A military force from India covered by the sloop Odin landed with a naval detachment after the Turkish guns had been silenced, according to the announcement.

There were no British casualties.

Fao is the terminus of the submarine telegraph to India.


Petrograd November 7 — An official communication from the general staff in Caucasia dated November 8 says:

There have not been any considerable actions as yet. Some Kurdish regiments, supported by infantry and masses of the population in arms attempted an offensive movement in the region northeast of Karakilissa. The Turks were driven back with great losses.

The Russians continue to pursue the Turkish and Kurdish troops who were defeated in the hilly regions of Passine [Diadme and Baiazel]. These places have been occupied by our troops. The Turkish troops have been in part exterminated and part dispersed.

A dispatch received here from Tiflis says Armenian refugees reaching their reports that volunteer bands of Armenians have had several sharp engagements with the Turkish garrison at Van on Lake Van In Armenia, and about 145 miles southeast of Ezeroum.

These bands of Armenians have come together In the interior of Turkey for self defense.

Turkish Origin of Military Bands


The Newark Advocate, November 12, 1914

Turkish Origin of Military Bands.

Talking of the military element at the Yildiz palace under Abdul Hamid, including the military band, Sidney Whitman in "Turkish Memories" remarks that military bands as such are quite a modern feature In Europe and owe their origin to the Janissaries: "Janitscharenmusik" Is still to this day the term used In Germany for an Infernal din of tin kettles, pipes and brass. To the Turk, then, is due all the noise which has become such a public nuisance in our time on the continent of Europe — a heavy responsibility before the tribunal of decency and decorum.

Holdwater: How nice that a Western newspaper gave the Turks credit for something besides making war, while making certain to underline that any such accomplishment would be sure to set civilization back.

Armenians Fight for Russia


Manitoba Free Press, Jan. 8, 1915; Also The Reno Evening Gazette, Jan. 7, 1915, p. 5 ("ARMENIANS FIGHT FOR RUSSIA"), and in The Indianapolis Star?, January 08, 1915 ("ARMENIANS JOIN RUSSIANS: Detachment of Volunteers Arrives at Tiflis for Army Service.")


Ottoman Troops Occupy Important Russian Base

Berlin, Jan. 7.— The Turkish official bulletin received here today reports that Ottoman troops have occupied Urumiah, which has been an important base for the Russians.

Urumiah is a town of Persian Armenia in Azerbaijan, with a population of from 30,000 to 50,000.

Armenian Volunteers at Tiflis.

London, Jan. 7.— Reuter's Petrograd correspondent transmits a message from Tiflis stating that a detachment of Armenian volunteers had arrived there from America. The volunteers received an enthusiastic reception.

The Armenian volunteers evidently are to serve with the Russian army in the campaign against Turkey, whose troops were advancing in the direction of Tiflis until as reported in Petrograd two days ago. they were defeated disastrously. Tiflis is a Russian city in the trans-Caucasian region. The territory known as Armenia, which is not a political unit, includes part of the trans-Caucus.

Armenian Force Increased to 15,000/Kurdish Separatist


Daily Kennebec Journal, May 28, 1915


(Associated Press Correspondence)

Tiflis April 23. — A visit to the general staff of the Armenian volunteers disclosed active preparations to raise their contingents from about 5000 to a full division of about 15,000. Five Armenian detachments are now [arriving] from Batum to Tabriz. It is planned to unite all but one in a single body. Volunteering is proceeding briskly having begun even before Turkey entered the war. Armenian subscriptions defray all costs and. the management is in the hands of the Armenian National Bureau, in which all elements of the Armenian race are represented.

Hope of emancipating Turkish Armenia has ended party disputes which used to be as fierce as they were unintelligible to the outside world. There is entire confidence in the allied armies.

The outbreak of war instantly recalled the general inspectors newly created upon the initiative of Russia, and it is now one of the absorbing questions of the Caucasus whether England and France will not leave the determination of the fate of Armenia to Russia alone.

The Armenians are consoling themselves with the assurance that the Russian government does not want to arm Turkish Armenia, though they would be very glad if they had even vague promises held out.

But the most striking of the historic Armenian animosities at this time is that, while making larger preparations to fight, the Armenian leaders would much prefer that there should be very little fighting In Turkish Armenia, as every advance of the Russian Armenians would be preceded by massacres and the grant of autonomy would find the Armenian people too weak to utilize their new privileges of self government. There are however words of caution against waiting for peace negotiations to drop Into their laps the ripe fruits of diplomacy.

In any case it is considered doubtful whether Turkey would yield more gracefully to diplomacy than to a [?]. It is feared she would rather repeat, in the form of a reduction of their numbers, the historic argument that the Armenians are really a negligible minority. There is believed to be danger in delay. The diplomatic ch[?]board Is more uncertain than the military. Even if everything should go well with the triple entente, it is believed in the end Turkey will have to be coerced by arms and will almost certainly revenge itself on its helpless Christian subjects.



(Associated Press Correspondence)

Russian Headquarters Persia, April 8. —The grandson of the lost King of Botan set out today to win back his ancestral throne with the aid of twenty Kurds. Bedrikhan Bey was really the hereditary lord of a group of Kurdish chiefs and in Asiatic language a King until he became involved in war with Turkey in the year of the Hegira, 1262. Notwithstanding his French education and his polished manners Abdurrazzak thinks In Turkish Arkudish when he relates Kurdish history.

Bedrkhan Bey was Imprisoned and passed 18 years In Crete in honorable detention. Later he was allowed to establish his household gods at Contantinople where Abdurrazzak was born and he died at Damascus. The grandson after being secretary of the Turkish embassy at Petrograd In 1892 and master of ceremonies at the Contantinople court, engaged In a palace plot 10 years ago. Together with two brothers and an uncle he passed four years in a Tripoli prison with heavy ball and chain attached to his leg under a suspended sentence of death.

The Turkish revolution brought freedom and Abdurrazzak shared the honeymoon of Turkish constitutionalism with the Young Turks for seven months. He then formed the plan of separating Kurdistan from Turkey and went to Russia to seek support. After five years there he came to Persla to establish relations with his grandfather's subjects. He opened a Kurdlsh school in a building he bought In the city of Hai and bided his time which he now thinks has come much simpler.

Enver Pasha's Boast of Bloody Butchery


The Fort Wayne News, Oct. 7, 1915




Makes a Sensational Statement Concerning the Atrocities of the Turks.

NEW YORK, Oct.7.—"It is Enver Pasha's boast that he killed more Armenians in thirty days, than Abdul Hamid did in thirty years. And Abdul Hamid was known as the 'great butcher' and the 'red sultan'."

This statement was made today by Miss Emily C. Wheeler, secretary of the National Armenia and India Relief association, an organization which since 1895 has been active in mission work in Turkish Armenia. Information on which her statement was based was given her by a missionary, an Armenian physician just returned from Turkey. Miss Wheeler herself spent eighteen years in Armenia and was there during the massacre of 1895.

"German officers are active in the Armenian persecutions," continued Miss Wheeler, "according to stories told me by my missionary friends. Certain classes of Turks are not in sympathy with the horrible outrages but they dare not protest as the movement is being directed from Constantinople.

"Out of the Armenian nation 1,500,000 people, 800,000 have been killed or deported. The Ottoman government is waging a campaign of extermination. This is evident from the slaughter and is further indicated by the statement of the governor of Van, made in November, 1914, that the government intended to kill every Armenian, even down to the babies, to rid Turkey forever of the "Armenian question."

"They have succeeded so well in some villages there is not even a sign of life left. The entire district of Tiflis has been leveled by fire. Women have been scorched, scalded and beaten to death. Even the orphans in our missions have been deported. In the Van district alone 57,000 Armenians were killed in August.

"One of the young women attached to the Van mission has been missing since July. She is a Miss McLaren, an American, who volunteered to serve in the Red Crescent, the Turkish Red Cross. She disappeared when the Turks fled before the Russian soldiers. She is probably dead. Another instance is that of Sister Martha, a German woman, who fled with fifty orphans from the savage Kurds in July. Nothing has been heard of them.

"Those who managed to escape death are suffering indescribable tortures from starvation. The government hinders all outside aid and will do nothing itself to relieve conditions.

"Of the 270,000 Armenians who started for Russia over 100,000 died of typhus. There are 60,000 Armenians serving in the Russian army. This, and the fact that there is a handful of Armenian revolutionists stirring up trouble are the excuses offered by the government for the persecutions."

The physician, said to be a former Princeton man, killed at Harpoot, was Professor Vorperian, an Armenian, who graduated from Princeton twenty years ago. He was executed for alleged participation in the revolution. Miss Wheeler said today funds for the National Armenian and India Relief association work are urgently needed.

Holdwater: This pure propaganda is irresistible on several levels. Note first that the Enver boast was provided not only by a missionary, but an Armenian missionary... as if the Turkish leader would have dared make such a statement to such a person, even if he had entertained such thoughts. Secondly, Ambassador Morgenthau related the same invented anecdote in his "Story" book, but this time the speaker was Talat. Silly Samantha Power actually provided this sewage as "historical evidence" in her "Pulitzer Prize winning" book.

Of note as well is the bigoted missionary's assertion that there were 1.5 million Armenians in the Ottoman Empire, at least one statement based on fact. In addition, she helpfully supports Richard Hovannisian's claim that of 300,000 Armenians who accompanied the Russian retreats, almost half died of disease. So one-tenth of the entire population, and about one-quarter of the entire mortality would also be designated as "genocide" victims, even though the Turks weren't in sight. Lastly, note the Armenians' wide scale betrayal (the "Wheeler-Dealer" dishonestly couches it in terms of a "handful" of revolutionists) is simply an "excuse" for the "persecutions" the Armenians were forced to face.

Kurds Continue Atrocities


The Pinedale Roundup, Wyoming June 24, 1915


Armenian Volunteers Fighting to Protect Christian Population.

Tiflis, Trans-Caucasia.—After the occupation of Van, Turkish Armenia, by the Russians, bands of Kurds continued to commit atrocities in the districts of Bitlis, Mush and Diarbekr. Armenian volunteers in increasing numbers are fighting desperately to protect the Christian population from the Kurds. Inhabitants of Diarbekr, following the example of the Armenians in Van, have organized armed bands.

Holdwater: If these atrocities were being committed, the reason was revenge, for the terrible crimes the traitorous Armenians had committed upon the Kurds and other Ottoman Muslims. Yet the newspaper had to make it seem as though the poor, helpless Armenians were being set upon for sport, as though Ottoman Muslims were not going through a nightmare, and did not have better things to do than to use Armenians for target practice.

By the way, how could the Armenians in Diyarbakir have had the manpower to form armed bands? We were around a month into the "deportation" already, and as any Armenian propaganda aficionado knows, all the Armenian young men were killed by this time, leaving only the women, children and old men to be sent off on their un-merry way.

Case of the [Ship Named] Armenian


Lancaster Daily Eagle, July 1, 1915

The following is in regards to an American ship that carried war contraband for the British and was sunk by a German submarine, with a casualty of "nineteen Americans, most of them negroes... missing and believed to be lost." (Another toll of 29 lost and 10 injured is provided later in the article.)

The main point of interest here is that sympathy for the Armenians was raised to such a fever pitch, evidently one effect was that this ship was named... "the Armenian." An excer

Case of the Armenian

That the case of the Armenian, even if all the points now in doubt are resolved in favor of the vessel and against the German submarine will not arouse popular feeling in this country to the extent that has been the case regarding other Americans who have been made victims of German submarines is the expectation here. It is not doubted that public opinion will incline to the belief that the negroes and possibly other Americans lost with the Armenian knew full well the dangers to which they were exposed, and therefore should not have taken service on her unless prepared to accept all the consequences. That the Armenian was carrying horses and mules for the British army is taken for granted, and it is thought that this will prove a fact [becoming large?] in the public mind. Finally, it is expected that if reports show that the Armenian was under charter to the British government, many Americans will agree with the view that Germany will undoubtedly take, namely [that she] was practically an auxiliary transport of the British government.

A Russian Army Camp in Turkish Armenia


Middletown Daily Times-Press, Aug. 10, 1915


Sidelights on the War

A Russian Army Camp in Turkish Armenia, Aug. 10 — (Correspondence of the Associated Press) — The Russian army that is in pursuit of the elusive Turks in this region have, at this writing, reached the Valley of the Habur, an affluent of the Tigris, at a point sixty miles south of Van.

On June 2, the right flank of the Russian forces engaged the Turks under Hallid Bey, near the Tigris, and fought until nightfall, when the Turks made off into darkness. The Armenian volunteers, who are doing some of the best fighting for the Russians, began the battle at 9 o'clock in the morning and sustained it alone on open ground until noon, when General T's cavalry from Sarai came into action. The artillery was brought up in the afternoon, but by then to Hallid Bay had taken a position on inaccessible mountains, and since then there has been no contact with him.

Whatever may be true of atrocity stories from other sources. It is certainly a fact that the warfare in Armenia has resulted in the killing of more non-combatants than soldiers, and it is doubtful if there is any other area In the world where the war is so plainly a case of murder.

The Associated Press correspondent has himself seen the corpses of non-combatants, both men and women, strewn alone every trail that the Russian army has traversed. On June 4, while climbing: a pass at least 16,000 feet above sea level, two remarkably handsome Armenians were seen slain beside the road, and nearby lay a Kurdish girl, dead from starvation and hardship. In a niche of the rocks of the high mountain pass there was found a deserted baby softly crying beneath a saddle blanket.

At one point a group of thirty Armenian women gathered at the mid- day halting place of the Russian soldiers on the crest of the pass, and moaned for food and clothes, but there was nothing to spare them, as the soldiers themselves were without bread or fuel to cook their super-abundant mutton. They were in a district where even dry weeds failed them for fire-building purposes, and there were no more villages to destroy for roof timbers. Even the veteran campaigners of the Russo- Turkish war of 1877-8 and of every Russian campaign since then are sickened by the conditions with which they come in daily contact in this devastated land, and especially by the emergence of the brute Instincts to kill and destroy.

The roads and sheep paths everywhere are bestrewn with the possessions of the Kurds of Van vilayet and on the mountains and In the valleys there graze countless thousands of their abandoned sheep. Dead horses, broken saddles, harness and torn uniforms testify also to the rapid weakening of the Turkish regulars.

One mountain stream was found bridged with rugs and carpets laid on roof timbers from a neighboring village. Another was formed of the bodies of sheep, similarly supported.

The Kurds have borne the brunt of the Turkish retreat, and in addition to the leaving behind of their cattle, they have abandoned their rich carpets and rugs, and so much rough carded wool, that in places the wool lies thick enough to pave the muddy roads.

The Russian military students in this camp claim that the present progress of their forces has cast a shade even upon the crossing of the Alps by Hannibal and Napoleon. Almost daily this army has had to cross worse than Alpine heights. The best maps have proven unreliable, and there have been no competent native guides. Detachments have gone three or four days at a time without a pound of bread or rye toast, and a. general halt was made necessary today by the almost total lack of salt, sugar, bread and barley. The horses have climbed up and down many steep slopes 2,000 feet high on grass alone. The last great pass, a snowy waste of many miles, is marked by scores of dead and dying horses. In some places the ground to be traversed was covered with snow hundreds of feet deep. In other places horses had to be led over narrow, melting snow bridges across swirling streams. To slip was to be engulfed and that fate befell three of the Russian soldiers.

In the sunshine it is blistering and blinding, at night there is frost, Last night fresh snow fell on the heights around the camp. The camel train arrived last night, 24 hours late. The men had to sleep the night before in the open. Scarcely a dozen camp fires of scanty dried stubble blazed long enough to boil tea and those too thinly covered to sleep had to walk in the dark to avoid freezing.

To complete the desperation, the bivouac chanced to be in a place overgrown with poisonous weeds, while the starving horses ate greedily. As a result fifty or sixty, including General N's mount, were dead before morning.

For a week life has been reduced to its elements. Thousands of men think day and night of nothing but the primal animal needs. Warmth, food and rest are paradise here. The Russian soldier and still more the Armenian volunteer, is resourceful. Failing tea, bread and meat, he fares forth to milk, fat-tailed or Angora sheep. Boots are wearing out and of course there is no depot. Here, too, the soldiers resort to self help with the aid of freshly skinned horse hides.

Yet there has been scarcely a word of complaint and the chief regret is that they have been able to force their enemy to accept a decisive engagement.

The genocide poster boy

Holdwater: Aside from the two "remarkably handsome" Armenian men, and the women who would have dared to openly meet this regiment, it appears the main sufferers here were Muslims. This is a rare Western report shedding light on these invisible victims, even admitting "the Kurds have borne the brunt."

Two questions come to mind: what became of that abandoned baby? (Is it... is it possible the Armenian soldiers would have saved its life?) And secondly, would the Kurdish girl, dead from starvation and hardship, have looked much better than the "genocide poster boy," shown above? Why is he regarded as a victim of "genocide," and not her?

Turks Driven Back — Armenians Big Help


Cedar Rapids Republican, July 18, 1915




Threatened Massacre or Christians by Turks and Kurds Averted by Victories of Russians In Turkish Armenia

Dehr, (Vilayet of Van) Turkish Armenia, May 18.—(via Petrograd, June 6):— Outposts of the Russian forces here are bivouacking 10,000 feet above sea level around the region of the Haneour pass, marking the approach to Van, the capital of the Armenian vilayet, which is an important [seat] of American missions. The pass itself has been taken back into Russian control by an operation in which the Armenians cleared the surrounding hills of scattered Turks and Kurds. From the number of empty cartridges found in the yielded trenches, it is apparent that the Turks lacked marksmen rather than ammunition.

Bashkala, the most important town between Dilman and Van was re-occupied today by Russian cavalry, which drove off about fifty Kurds, and with this event the long expected advance on Van began in earnest. The great question agitating the minds of the Russians and of the Armenian volunteers is whether they will arrive in time to save the beleaguered Armenians of Van from slaughter.

(Note: Cable despatches from Turkish Armenia in the middle of June said briefly that the Russian forces had occupied Van, and that the threatened massacre of Christians by Kurds and Turks had been averted).

The Armenian volunteers have behaved well in this campaign, as they did in Dilman. Here they held an exposed trench fourteen hours after Turkish fire without relief and then advanced on the wavering enemy. The head of the Armenian volunteers has been a leader of revolutionary bands for twenty years. A silent, observant man with bronzed features, shaggy brows and mustache, he might pose for a western sheriff. Samson Khan, his chief ot staff, as a striking contrast. He is typically Armenian in his vivacity, but an indispensable aide, as the leader does not speak Russian. The detachment of Armenian volunteers, numbering about 1,000, is composed of only fifteen per cent Russian Armenians, the remainder being more or less recent refugees from Turkish oppression. There are two from America, one from China, and quite a number from Armenian colonies in Bulgaria and Rumania. One of the men from America abandoned a prosperous business In New York to help free his race. Another was professor of archeology at Petrograd. A third was a teacher in an Armenian college at Yalta. The junior surgeon was educated In the American college in Beirut. Many expect to emigrate to America after the war.

So far, the Russian pursuit of the Turkish army has been largely a question of communications. The slope from the plain of Salmas to the [Honeuur] pass is long, but in the main regular and could be traversed in an automobile, but the pass itself is a difficult divide of fully ten miles with many steep ascents. The mountains, upwards of 8,000 feet high, are so far bare of snow but also are void of any vegetation except short grass and early field flowers. Not a bush or tree has been seen since the plain was left behind, and the snow-clad mountain masses ahead do not promise fuel. The soldiers gathered dry weeds to boil their tea kettles until Dehr was reached. There dismantled Armenian houses afforded firewood. The train is composed of camels, pack-horses, mules and donkeys.

Dehr is the seat of an ancient monastery whose foundation is lost in traditions of the early Christians. The present fortress-like church was probably built over 1200 years ago. Bullets and shells did no damage to the six-foot thick walls but everything movable was destroyed and defaced by the Turks and Kurds. The village was plundered and dismantled. The Turks seem bent on the total destruction of Armenian culture. The villagers were killed or enslaved or escaped without any of their possessions. But with the hope and determination of their race, they are already returning to rebuild their homes.

Kurdistan Villages Robbed of Population


The Dallas News, July 13, 1915


Kurdistan Villages Robbed of Population

In Bashkala 500 Women and Children Were Divided Among Harems of Hasem Bey and Hashi Bey.

Correspondence of the Associated Press. Russo-Armenian Camp, near Bashkala, Kurdistan, May 24. — For a perfect epitome of conditions in this region it is necessary to stop only a few yards from Bashkala on the Chukh road to the hamlet of Heresan. There today the Associated Press correspondent found sixty Armenian men, all that are known to remain alive and free in a population of 500 — not a single woman or child but what had been killed or carried away by the Turks and Kurds.

Half a dozen wells were crammed with the bodies of those who had not been carried away. Sherabeg, a Kurdish chief, began the ravages last fall, killing a score of men and carrying off thousands of heads of cattle. Some sixty of the sturdiest of the survivors fled to a monastery about fifteen miles away to procure arms and help, but they could not recapture their village, and had to flee for their lives, leaving the remaining population in the power of the Kurds. The latter camped at Heresan all winter and used the women and children as they chose. Immediately after the defeat of the Turkish troops under Hallil Bey, at Dilman, the Kurds foresaw their expulsion and made an end of such of the female and youthful population as they did not take away in slavery.

City Now Abandoned.

In Bashkala there is no one living now. But lately it was a flourishing and picturesque Asiatic city with many well-stocked stores and comfortable homes. Many of the houses were two-story structures of brick with tasteful balconies. There was an abundance of good rugs and some European furniture. The population comprised 1,500 Armenians, a few Jews and perhaps 3.000 Moslems. Of the Armenians 500 women and children had been carried away and divided between the harems of Hassem Bey and Hashi Bey, Kurdish chiefs. The remainder had perished or fled. The Bashkala Moslems had also paid dearly, for their handsome city was looted, dismantled and burned. There were fires in a dozen places when The Associated Press correspondent visited the city today with a Russian General and his staff. The revenge on the Moslems had been worked in spite of the strict injunctions issued by both the Russian and Armenian leaders. The Armenian volunteers were particularly enraged because the Moslems, and, it is said, the Jewish merchants also, betrayed the Armenians, who had been friendly to the Russians on their first advance on Bashkala last year.

It is characteristic of the bitterness between the two races, that twenty-five Heresan recruits serving in the Turkish army were killed outright in the way of reprisal when news was received of the Turkish defeat at Dilman.

With Russian General.

The correspondent has been riding almost daily with General N--- of the Russian army, or Andranik, the Armenian leader, in pursuit of the illusive Turkish army under Hallil Bey. It was disclosed today that at least part of the Turkish forces were in a superb position on the slope of a high mountain flanked by some still higher. The Russian artillery succeeded in sending the forces to cover, but there was no general engagement. There has been a warm crossfiring between outposts, and on May 20 the Armenians succeeded in driving the Kurds from some of their mountain strongholds behind Bashkala and from the eastern side of the pass of Shukh. It yet remains to be seen whether the Turkish forces, which were shelled today, are of full strength.

One thing which impressed an American visitor in this region is the excellence of the grain fields of the upland plains. As good as they are in some places, the country would gain enormously from the application of American irrigation methods and modern agricultural work. Whatever may be the issue of the war, it seems quite possible that this will come to pass, for all Armenians look upon America as their schoolmaster.

Wonder which on-the-spot "eyewitness" provided the report that 500 Armenian women were doled out among the Kurdish "harems." (Was this a time for sexual tomfoolery?)

At least the reporter eked out a few words that Muslims had been victimized by Armenians, in spite of the "strict injunctions issued by ... Armenian leaders." (Indeed, the sound you heard was that of a stifled snicker.) Importantly, there is rare word that Jews had also been victims of the Armenians. Why? The Jews had "betrayed" the Armenians, because the Armenians had been "friendly" to the Russians... the enemies of their country.

Americans Tell Terrible Tales of Turk Cruelty

The Lethbridge Daily Herald (Alberta), September 18, 1915


Russians Find Trenches Choked With Bodies of Armenians Massacred by Barbarian Allies of Germany

Dr. Clarence Ussher

Dr. Clarence Ussher
His racist book was the basis
for Atom Egoyan's ARARAT.

Petrograd, via London, Sept. 18.— Dr. Clarence D. Ussher, Mr. and Mrs. Yarrow, and thirteen other persons, comprising the missionary staff at Van, Turkish Armenia, passed through Petrograd, today, on their way to Bergen, Norway, having had to abandon. to pillage and flame the result of seventy years work at Van.

Aged, but dauntless, Mrs. Reynolds broke her leg In the hurried flight from Van, and died at Tiflis two days before her husband reached there from America. Mrs. Ussher died of typhus fever shortly before the flight. Dr. Ussher was attacked the same day as his wife was stricken. He is still scarcely able to walk, although he has recovered from the disease.

The entire party suffered hardships on the road.

Terrible Vengeance

Van again is in the hands of the Russians, who are declared to have found the canals and trenches choked with untold thousands of bodies of Armenians who had been unable to escape, and were killed. It .is stated that in addition to the mission compound, all the better buildings in the city were destroyed, including the home of the governor and the headquarters or the Armenian government.

The massacre, the missionaries report, was directed by Jevdet Bey, who had burned the compound before retiring from the first siege of Van in the early summer. When Jevdet returned he took a terrible vengeance for the raising of the siege by the Armenian volunteers.

Holdwater: Some of you might be wondering what this blatant work of missionary propaganda is doing on this page. It's to show that when you look closely, sometimes even in the most shamelessly racist and dishonest presentations, the grains of truth can slip through. Why did these "barbarians" behave in the way the hateful missionary partisans reported? The key word is "vengeance." Even here, it was difficult to keep under wraps the plain fact that the Armenians had betrayed their country, with the implication that they just may have committed terrible crimes of their own.

  Armenians Loot Turk Homes in Retaliation


The Dallas News, October 6, 1915




Turks and Kurds Waging Holy War on Christians With Intention of Extermination.

New York, Oct. 5. - The Turks and Kurds are waging a holy war of extermination on the Armenians, according to sixteen members of the Armenian board of foreign missions, who arrived today from Van, Turkey. Ernest Yarrow, one of the missionaries, told how the Armenian population of Van, numbering 1,500, held out against 5,000 Kurds and a Turkish company commanded by a German officer, from April 20 to May 17, when Russians arrived and relieved the town.

"We had six American and two Red Cross flags." said Mr. Yarrow, "and we flew these over the mission, but they were not respected by either of the combatants. The Turkish company arrived three or four days before the Russian relief came, and the shrapnel from the Turkish guns tore down all of our flags.

"We sheltered large numbers of Armenian women and children, but as soon as the Turks and Kurds had been driven away from the town, virtually all of the Armenians turned out to loot the Turkish houses and duplicate the atrocities that had previously been practiced upon the Armenians. It was with great difficulty that they were restrained.

"The Turks and Kurds have declared a holy war against the Armenians and vowed to exterminate them. The population of Van was poorly armed and was forced to use brass and copper trinkets to make bullets. Three small cannon were made of scrap metal. The supplies of ammunition were running short and the Russians arrived just in time to save the Armenians from being wiped out."

Mr. Yarrow said many Armenians were suffering from typhus and other diseases and when he left conditions almost everywhere in Armenia were terrible. Half of the missionaries were taken ill during the siege and six died. Mr. Yarrrow said only a portion of the real story had been told.

Holdwater: In April, 1915 there were 33,789 Armenians in the city of Van, out of some 100,000 for the province. This does not take into account the many thousands of Armenian fighters who had piled into Van, which Morgenthau had estimated as close to 25,000. Yet the lying missionary Yarrow, in an attempt to show how poor and helpless his beloved Armenians were, vouched for "1,500." He also would distort the fact that the Armenians possessed superior weaponry (for example, as sophisticated Mauser firearms working like machine guns), which the Armenians had stockpiled well in advance of their planned rebellion.

Although the headline promises a telling of Armenian crimes, the accent surely needed to fall upon the "extermination" efforts of the Turks, outnumbered and out-resourced as they were. We are asked to believe the Armenians were "restrained" from their very real extermination efforts, but at least Yarrow was being inadvertently truthful by stating, "only a portion of the real story had been told."

Armenians Slay Turks in Revolt

Oakland Tribune, Feb 21, 1916  

Armenians Slay Turks in Revolt

Grand Duke’s Victory Disrupts Islam

ROME, Feb. 21—It is stated in dispatches received here that the Germans are preparing to leave Constantinople, where their position has become difficult.

The Russian line is reported already from thirty to sixty miles west of Erzerum.

The Turkish debacle in Armenia surpasses all imagination. No unit remains intact, and the debris of the army in flight is being massacred by the insurgent Armenian population.

The Armenians have now begun giving organized aid to the Russians. After the massacres of last year by the Turks, all the able-bodied men who escaped enlisted in the Russian army and Grand Duke Nicholas now has under his command a force of 50,000 Armenian volunteers.

Information from Constantinople depicts the situation there as tragic. No direct news has reached the Turkish capital from Asia Minor for ten days, but the Greeks have informed the Turks of the catastrophe at Erzurum. Agitation and revolt are the order of the day. The troops refuse to march toward Asia.

The Sultan has summoned the principal authorities of the empire to take decisions of supreme importance.

(A variation is below)

Russians Victorious (with 50,000 Armenian volunteers)

 From The New Oxford. The same article was reproduced in The Frederick Post (Maryland), Feb. 23, 1916, with similar headings: "Russians Win Van District Drive South. Menaces Turks' Mesopotamia Army. SLAVS ARE NEAR TREBIZOND. Turkish Losses In Past Two Weeks' Fighting Said to be Nearly 100,000. Bitlis Reported Evacuated."; the text below begins with "London, Feb. 22.")

Russians Victorious in War District

The Russians have occupied the entire Lake Van district, the Turks retiring southward and even evacuating Bitlis, according to a Petrograd despatch received in Rome and given out by the wireless press.

On the other wing, according to the despatch, the Russian advance guards have arrived within a short distance of Trebizond, on the Black sea coast.

Earlier despatches show that the Russians are pressing their advance on both flanks. Driving the Turkish rear guards before them with heavy losses, one of their armies is advancing rapidly toward Diarbekr, on the Tigris river.

Diabekr is only fifty miles from the Constantinople-Bagdad railway, the only line of communication for the Turkish army in Mesopotamia.

Turkish losses in the past two weeks' fighting with the Russians are said to be nearly 100,000 men in killed, wounded and prisoners. The kaiser is reported to have sent an imperative message to Field Marshal von Der Goltz, the chief military adviser of the Turkish army, that the advance of the Russians must be stopped at any cost.

It is reported on excellent authority that a big German force is being massed east of Constantinople for the protection of the Turkish capital. The menace of the Russian invasion of Turkey is more dangerous that at any other time during the course of the war. Approximately 250,000 Russians have poured through the passes of the Caucasian mountains supported by enormous quantities of artillery.

Along the Black sea littoral Russian warships are bombarding Turkish towns.

Information received in Rome that the Turkish rout in the Caucasus surpasses all imagination. No unit remains intact and the debris of the army in flight is being massacred by the insurgent population.

All able-bodied Armenians who escaped from Turkish conscription have enlisted in the Russian army. Grand Duke Nicholas, it is reported, has now 50,000 Armenian volunteers under his command.

Emphasis of last paragraph is Holdwater's: That would be a lot of Ottoman-Armenians, busting the myth that the Armenians who served with the Russians were composed primarily of Russian-Armenians.

Armenian Volunteers Aided General Allenby


Manitoba Free Press, Winnipeg, Oct. 5, 1918; the same article was also in the same-dated The Ogden Examiner, Utah: "ARMENIAN VOLUNTEERS BATTLING TURK WITH VICTORIOUS BRITISH.")

Armenian Volunteers Aided General Allenby

Boston, Oct. 4.—Announcement that Armenian volunteers, many of them from this country, participated in the British victory over the Turks in Palestine, under General Allenby, was contained in cablegrams received today at the headquarters here of the Armenian National Union of America.

Officials of the union here explained that the fact that Armenians are fighting with the British in Palestine had not been made known heretofore because of the fear of massacres of their countrymen by the Turks.

Holdwater: Had the Brits been aware of the concept of genocide that would arrive years later, they would have needed to ask how those Armenians they feared would be in line for massacres would have still been alive in the first place.

Of interest in this piece is this rare acknowledgement: "The Seventh Ally" of the Entente were not only fighting with the Russians and the French, but with the British, as well.

America's Only Terms to the Huns: Unconditional Surrender


The Ogden Examiner, Utah, October 5, 1918

America's Only Terms to the Huns: Unconditional Surrender


ADEQUATE punishment for the military autocrats who plunged the world into war in 1914 and who have since carried on a campaign of ruthlessness against civilized peoples must be meted out at the war end. Justice to the remainder of the world demands that these men, the worst murderers of all history, should suffer the direst of penalties. At the same time, the peoples who have approved of their acts and who have assisted in their campaigns of ruthlessness should suffer penalties.

Richard H. Edmonds, writing in the Manufacturers' Record has made a suggestion regarding the penalties that should be . provided for. Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and Turkey.

His suggestion follows:

Unconditional surrender of armies and navies.

The death penalty. Inflicted upon the kaiser and. every male member of the Hohenzollern and Hapsburg families who have been parties to this war, and every military and political lender responsible for bringing on this world crime.

Full payment in ships or in money for every ship sunk by German submarines.

The restoration in money or materials of every product — whether of art, or machinery, or foodstuffs, or raw material, or jewelry, or cars, or locomotives, or securities, or. money, of which Germany has looted other countries.

A financial indemnity to the family of every soldier who has been murdered or permanently invalided in the armies of America and our allies, and a similar pension or payment to every man and woman from thn over-run countries who have been enslaved by Germany and made to work on its farms or in its factories.

The repudiation or confiscation of every dollar of bonded Indebtedness of every kind outstanding against Germany, Austria, Turkey and Bulgaria and held by any of the citizens of these countries, the total amount of these bonds to be used toward the payment of the cost of the war to the allies. To this should be added an additional indemnity sufficient to cover all the expenditure made by America and our allies In carrying on this war.

Turkey forever banished from Europe.

There are a few more penalties that should be inflicted — because they are only justice to the peoples who have been under the Hun dominion. Alsace-Lorraine should be returned to France; Bohemia and Galicia, with intervening territory should be made a free country; Poland, including territory in both Germany and Austria, should be freed; the Jugo-Slav territories should be joined with Serbia or placed as a free nation; ltalian-settled lands on the Adriatic and in the Alps should be returned to Italy; Transylvania should be returned to Rumania; Armenia freed and Palestine placed under Christian rule. Besides, while Denmark has not been in the war, it would be justice to force the return of the stolen Danish provinces to that country by Germany.

Provision should be made that none of the sunken ships, upon being salvaged, should or could become, the property of Germany.

There should be no terms of a "soft peace" and no terms that would permit the Germans to organize for another war. They should be made to suffer for the misdeeds comitted [sic] since 1914 and given such a lesson that no effort at militarism would again be considered. The lesson thus taught to Germany would also serve as the precedent in all future world affairs, a precedent meaning that the free nations of the world intend that autocracy shall be banished and real liberty remain.

Holdwater: We've all heard of the term "poor loser," but talk about being a poor winner.

Good thing all of this "Christian forgiveness" prevented the Germans from organizing for another war. How come, by the way, is only Turkey singled out for being "forever banished from Europe," along with other major territorial losses, as with Palestine and "Armenia"?

Armenians Go to Europe to Fight for the Allies


The Racine-Journal News, August 31, 1917


Word has been received by Mr. Armen Babian. 604 State street, this city that a group of 20 Armenian volunteers to fight for the allies in Europe, have arrived In Bordeaux, France. K. Hagopian, a former Racine tailor, has sent a postal card from there. As the above group only left Detroit Aug. 4 and the post card is marked Aug. 14, this is declared to be a remarkably fast trip considering present conditions.

Armenia Loyal to the Allies


The Racine Journal-News, November 22, 1918


Archag Tchobanian in The Armenian Herald: The Armenian tragedy has become more than ever what it always has been — a somber and magnificent epic. By the infamous treaty of Brest-Litovsk the wretched Bolsheviks accepted, as is well known, to use their best endeavors to bring about the retrocession to Turkey, not only of all the territories of Turkish Armenia, which the Caucasian army with the help of Armenian volunteers wrested from the Turks after such hard fought battles and sacrifices, but also the retrocession of the districts of Batoum Ardahan, and Kars, the occupation of which placed at the mercy of the Turks Russian Armenia — the last refugee, the last citadel of the Armenian national life. No sooner was the treaty of Brest-Litovsk signed by the contracting parties than the Russian soldiers in tbe Caucasus withdrew from the front. The Turks took advantage of the favorable situation thus created for them, and again assumed the offensive. The Armenians, however, did not hesitate. They organized an army under the command of the hero of Armenian liberty, Gen. Andranik, who was ably assisted by two Armenian officers of the Russian army — Gens. Nazarbekoff and Bagratouni. They were soon joined by their neighbors, the Georgians. This resistance was accompanied under the most painful and unsatisfactory circumstances for the Armenians. The entire Armenian nation remained loyal to the cause of liberty and to the allies. Armenian volunteers who fought in France, Palestine and in the Oriental legion were made up chiefly of Armenians from America. The allied nations will not forget the sufferings endured and the heroism displayed by Armenia in the course of this conflagration, and will restore to resuscitated Armenia her freedom and her independence to which she is entitled.

Emphasis above is Holdwater's.

Armenians Recapture Erzerum After a Battle with the Turks

Bridgeport Telegram (Connecticut — "New England's Greatest Manufacturing City"), April 5, 1918



Natives, in Revolt at Massacres, Fight Oppressors

London, April 4.— Erzerum, the principal city of Turkish Armenia, is reported in an Exchange Telegraph despatch from Moscow to have been recaptured from the Turks by an Armenian corps, aided by a detachment of Armenian volunteers.

The Armenians are reported, to be holding other territories in the Erzerum district.

After the conclusion of peace with Turkey, Russia evacuated Turkish Armenia which the Turks re-occupied. They began a fresh series of massacres and the Armenians undertook the organization of an army to defend themselves.

(Also on the cover, the headline: "1,000 French Men & Women Send [sic] to Slavery by Huns," a report claiming that French civilians from occupied northern France were sent to Russia by Germany to perform hard labor, "according to information obtained by Baron Cochin, formerly a member of the French cabinet." They were initially offered for exchange with "Alsatians who have escaped to France.")

Holdwater: on the same day, there was the totally contradictory report below in another newspaper, attesting to the Turks' having taken Erzurum. In addition, although the Russians were out of the war, and peace held sway between the Turks and the Russians, we learn the Soviets socked it to the Turks.


Oakland Tribune, April 4, 1918, front page


LONDON, April 1— Erzerum. the principal city of Turkish Armenia. is reported in an Exchange Telegraph despatch from Moscow, to have been recaptured from the Turks by an Armenian corps, aided by a detachment of Armenian volunteers.

(On the same page, in "UKRAINE-HUN FORCE BEATEN BY RUSSIANS...Turco-German Ships Driven Back by Slavs," it was reported: "Turco-German forces have been thrown back from the Erzurum-Kars line" (by "the soviets"); "Erzurum is 110 miles south of Batum and was recently recaptured by the Turks.")

Armenians Seek Original Country & Independence

Janesville Daily, Jan. 27, 1919



Map shows Armenia which wants peace conference to restore original boundaries and grant its independence.

Armenians are looking to the peace conference to restore all of Armenia to its people and make it a separate state, says Dr. James L. Barton, president of Euphrates college. Armenia, for nine years, and now secretary of the Armenian board of commissioners for foreign of Turkish, Russia and Persian missions. Armenia now consists Armenians. The population totals principally Armenians.

Holdwater: Of course, the English is not the only mixed up part of the above caption.

Turkey has a Greek Peril

 The Dallas News, Nov. 18, 1914; thanks to Asli for having transcribed the following two articles.


"Idea" Behind Hellenic Policy Is Retrieval of Byzantine Empire.

All Greek policy is founded upon and guided by one deep-seated resolve, known as the "great idea." Now the great idea means the reunion of the whole Greek race in a "Greater Greece," which shall revive both the glory of ancient Hellas and the power of the medieval Byzantine Empire. As such it involves not only the taking of Constantinople (where the Greeks are today almost as numerous as the Turks), but also the conquest of Asia Minor. Where a million Greeks form an almost continuous ribbon of population along the coasts and headlands, thickest on the western Egean shore, but extending north and east along the Black Sea cost well beyond Trebizond and almost touching the Russian transcausasian frontier, writes T . Lothrop Stoddard in the North American Review.

Furthermore, this Greek population is growing rapidly in both numbers and prosperity. Protected by foreign influence from Moslem violence, the energetic Greek farmer is steadily supplanting the easy-going, overtaxed Turkish peasant, and is pressing up the river valleys toward the inland cities where the keen-witted Greek merchant is wresting from the half-ruined Armenian his former commercial supremacy.

It is these things, perhaps, far more than wounded vanity which has made the "Young Turk" Government obstinately refuse the cession of those large islands just off Asia Minor's Egean shore, for it must be perfectly clear to any competent observer that if these islands form part of that victorious Greece already supreme throughout the Egean Sea, the dense Greek population of the mainland will be stirred to such a pitch of irridentist fervor as must lay Asia Minor open to a perpetual menace of rebellion.

And these facts acquire further significance when we remember that Turkey must at all cost keep unbroken hold of Asia Minor, since the Anatolian plateau is the home of the real Turkish race —that great block of 10,000,000 genuine "Osmanli" which is the very bone and sinew of the Empire. No finer peasantry exists than these folk — frugal, good-hearted and infinitely patient albeit long impoverished and declining in numbers — since Turkish peasantry has been conscripted to death for endless European wars and taxed to death for the support of a prodigal court and a corrupt officialdom.

Holdwater: What? Aren't we told it was only the Armenians targeted for over-taxation?

What a nice and rare reporter, writing about Turks without the usual hatred. But now note, from the same newspaper, three years later:

The Dallas News, Jan. 1, 1918



New York, Dec.31. — At least 1,000,000 Greeks, men, women and children, have perished as the result of organized massacres and deportations by "the Turco-Teutons" in Asiatic Turkey, according to a statement by Lazaros George Macrides, son of a leading merchant of Trebizond, made public though the Armenian and Syrian relief committee here today. Macrides, who recently arrived here, says he was one of a party of 2,000 Greeks which was rescued by the Russian fleet that bombarded the town of Ordou late last August and took the refugees abroad. He had been taken to Ordou, he said, when the Turks raided Trebizond and seized his fathers' store along with those of other Greek merchants.

"Those of us who were between the ages 16 and 60 were drafted into the Turkish army." said Macrides. "Our women and children and the older men were placed temporarily in homes and orphanages until the opportunity offered to dispose of them in the approved Turco-Teuton fashion, which, in this instance, turned out to be very wholesale drowning.

"The unfortunate survivors of deportation were towed out for several miles into the Black Sea and then calmly dumped overboard just like so much garbage. None of them survived. Germany efficiency has simply organized the natural brutality of the Turk and made it many more times effective than ever before. I should think that at the most conservative estimate at least 1,000,000 of my fellow-countrymen have perished miserably through the organized cruelty of this Turco-Teutonic alliance. The future lies in America."

Holdwater: What is this bozo telling us? All of the Greek men were drafted, and instead of leaving their families in their residences, the genocidal Ottoman government actually booted them out and placed hundreds of thousands of Greek-Ottoman women in mysterious "homes," and the children in orphanages that the bankrupt government then would have had to take care of and feed until " the opportunity offered to dispose of them." Furthermore, this shameless liar asserted as his "most conservative estimate" that "at least 1,000,000... perished miserably." Since we learned in the previous article there were one million Greek-Ottomans to begin with, "zero" Greeks must have survived, making this "genocide" even more successful than the Armenians' famous "annihilation."

It is entirely unsettling that so many Greek and Armenian people feel no compunction whatsoever in making the most untruthful statements, at least in their relations with Turks. Where does this "en masse" dishonesty derive from? Mind-boggling.


Armenians in Revolt

Evening Gazette, Oct. 21, 1919


CONSTANTINOPLE, Oct. 21.— Severe fighting is in progress in the vicinity of Zanghizur, in the Russian Caucasus, between the Armenians and regular troops from Azerbaijan province.

(A revolt recently broke out in the Persian province of Azerbaijan, the population of which is almost entirely Turkish, which was ascribed in some quarters to protest against the generally recently concluded Anglo-Persian agreement.)

The regular troops from Azerbaijan province, it is stated, opened the hostilities.

Holdwater: Who "stated" that?


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...Is to expose the mythological “Armenian genocide,” from the years 1915-16. A wartime tragedy involving the losses of so many has been turned into a politicized story of “exclusive victimhood,” and because of the prevailing prejudice against Turks, along with Turkish indifference, those in the world, particularly in the West, have been quick to accept these terribly defamatory claims involving the worst crime against humanity. Few stop to investigate below the surface that those regarded as the innocent victims, the Armenians, while seeking to establish an independent state, have been the ones to commit systematic ethnic cleansing against those who did not fit into their racial/religious ideal: Muslims, Jews, and even fellow Armenians who had converted to Islam. Criminals as Dro, Antranik, Keri, Armen Garo and Soghoman Tehlirian (the assassin of Talat Pasha, one of the three Young Turk leaders, along with Enver and Jemal) contributed toward the deaths (via massacres, atrocities, and forced deportation) of countless innocents, numbering over half a million. What determines genocide is not the number of casualties or the cruelty of the persecutions, but the intent to destroy a group, the members of which  are guilty of nothing beyond being members of that group. The Armenians suffered their fate of resettlement not for their ethnicity, having co-existed and prospered in the Ottoman Empire for centuries, but because they rebelled against their dying Ottoman nation during WWI (World War I); a rebellion that even their leaders of the period, such as Boghos Nubar and Hovhannes Katchaznouni, have admitted. Yet the hypocritical world rarely bothers to look beneath the surface, not only because of anti-Turkish prejudice, but because of Armenian wealth and intimidation tactics. As a result, these libelous lies, sometimes belonging in the category of “genocide studies,” have become part of the school curricula of many regions. Armenian scholars such as Vahakn Dadrian, Peter Balakian, Richard Hovannisian, Dennis Papazian and Levon Marashlian have been known to dishonestly present only one side of their story, as long as their genocide becomes affirmed. They have enlisted the help of "genocide scholars," such as Roger Smith, Robert Melson, Samantha Power, and Israel Charny… and particularly  those of Turkish extraction, such as Taner Akcam and Fatma Muge Gocek, who justify their alliance with those who actively work to harm the interests of their native country, with the claim that such efforts will help make Turkey more" democratic." On the other side of this coin are genuine scholars who consider all the relevant data, as true scholars have a duty to do, such as Justin McCarthy, Bernard Lewis, Heath Lowry, Erich Feigl and Guenter Lewy. The unscrupulous genocide industry, not having the facts on its side, makes a practice of attacking the messenger instead of the message, vilifying these professors as “deniers” and "agents of the Turkish government." The truth means so little to the pro-genocide believers, some even resort to the forgeries of the Naim-Andonian telegrams or sources  based on false evidence, as Franz Werfel’s The Forty Days of Musa Dagh. Naturally, there is no end to the hearsay "evidence" of the prejudiced pro-Christian people from the period, including missionaries and Near East Relief representatives, Arnold Toynbee, Lord Bryce, Lloyd George, Woodrow Wilson, Theodore Roosevelt, and so many others. When the rare Westerner opted to look at the issues objectively, such as Admirals Mark Bristol and Colby Chester, they were quick to be branded as “Turcophiles” by the propagandists. The sad thing is, even those who don’t consider themselves as bigots are quick to accept the deceptive claims of Armenian propaganda, because deep down people feel the Turks are natural killers and during times when Turks were victims, they do not rate as equal and deserving human beings. This is the main reason why the myth of this genocide has become the common wisdom.