Here's background on the "L.A.-5," from
TAT's "Murdered Turkish Diplomats
9. October 22, 1982 - Los Angeles, California, United
States: The FBI arrests and charges four local Armenian Americans for
conspiring to bomb the Philadelphia Honorary Turkish Consul General, Kanat
Arbay. They are JCAG members recruited from the Armenian Youth Federation, and
include: Karnig Sarkissian, 29, of Anaheim; Viken Vasken Yacoubian, 19 of
Glendale; Viken Archavir Sarkissian Hovsepian, 22 of Santa Monica; and, Dikran
Sarkis Berberian, 29, of Glendale. A fifth co-conspirator, Steven John Dadaian,
20 of Canoga Park, California, is arrested at Logan International Airport in
Boston, as he exits the aircraft with a briefcase containing five sticks of
dynamite and the components of a detonation timer transported from Los
Angeles. The five co-conspirators are called the "L.A. Five", which
the FBI linked to over a dozen bombings in southern California between 1980
and 1982 as well as the assassination of Turkish Consul General Kemal Arikan.
Speaking on behalf of the Armenian National Committee of America, local
representative Leon Kirakosian "condemned this effort by the FBI and
local police agencies to do Turkish dirty work against the Armenian
people." All five were convicted of various federal crimes, though some
were given sentences so light that no jail time was served. Two of the five
perpetrators, Hovsepian and Yacoubian, eventually are granted U.S. citizenship
by a federal judge. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit overturned
this ruling. Pending the completion of their last ditch appeals, Hovsepian and
Yacoubian will be deported to Lebanon.
Boston Herald page from
CLICK ON PIC to read;
(Source: A Myth of Terror)
Have we got that? These five Armenians were not only
tied in with past criminal activities, resulting in unknown injuries and
destruction, they were actually set to bomb a Turkish diplomat... not only
affecting his life (okay, he is only a Turk, and nobody cares), but the lives
of many innocent bystanders. A Metropolitan News report below contends the FBI
concluded thousands would have died.
These five belonged to the racist AYF, first named
Tzeghagrons, the singular for which literally means "to make a religion
of one’s race." Patterned after the Nazi Youth, it was also called
Racial Patriots. "The Racial Religious believes in his racial blood as a
deity. Race above everything and before everything. Race comes first.
Everything is for the race." See article of Arthur
Yet, the California judge, Mariana Pfaelzer, loved these guys so much, she
gave them a slap on the wrist and later went out of her way to make two
Let's take a look at the mind-blowing goings-on.
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
1) California Armenians Raise
$110,000 in one night
2) A Turkish-American Appeals to the Judge
3) Attorney Bruce Fein is Appalled
4) Other Bits & Pieces About the Case
5) Two Rewarded with Granting of Citizenship (2 news
Armenians Raise $110,000 in one night for the defense of these criminals
Before It Happened Again.. F.B.I. Moves Against Armenian Terrorists in U.S.
ANCA-WR Chairman Steven
Dadaian shares the same name
with one of the terrorists. It is
likely a coincidence, yet there
is a precedence: ANCA Chair-
man Mourad Topalian was
linked to the direction of
a 1980 bombing in NYC, and
was convicted of lesser charges
20 years later. Topalian only
served about three years.
The Armenian community in Los Angeles reacts by collecting
$110,000 in one night for defense of terrorists. Five Armenian terrorists, ranging in age
from 19-29, were arrested in October 1982 by the F.B.I. on charges of possessing guns and
explosives and transporting explosives interstate without a permit. Four were arrested in
California and one was arrested in Boston’s Logan International Airport. The five
arrested are Viken Vasken Yakubian (19), Viken Arsavir Sarkisyan Hovsepian (22), Dirkan
Sarkis Berberian (29), Karnig Karlos Sarkisian (29), and Steven John Dadaian (20).
According to a story that appeared in the Turkish daily newspaper Hurriyet, the
terrorists were planning to attack Turkey’s Honorary Consul in Philadelphia.
Steven Dadaian, aged 20, arrested
Apparently these recent arrests created a strong reaction
among some extremists in the Los Angeles Armenian community. To show their support they
arranged a special entertainment night to raise funds for the legal defense of the
terrorists. Harutinyan Gazarian, Chairman of the organization committee, has accused the
United States of taking on the Armenians because the U.S. is trying to please Turkey. He
also stated that they will try to gain the freedom of these “political prisoners” as
they did in the case of another Armenian terrorist, Kilimjian, in France. According to Hurriyet,
the Armenian community collected $110,000 in a single fund-raising night that took place
in the Ferrahian Armenian Church.
ATA-USA/January 1983, p. 19
IN ADDITION: $160,000 was raised in Canada for the defense of the L.A.-5. (Armenian
Weekly, Nov. 19, 1983, p. 1; and Dec. 10, 1983, p. 5, as cited in Michael Gunter's article.)
Turkish-American Appeals to the Judge
Letter to Judge Marion Pfaelzer
November 21, 1984
Judge Marion Pfaelzer
United States Court House
312 North Spring Street
Los Angeles, CA 90012
Dear Judge Pfaelzer:
On October 10th, 1984 the Los Angeles Times reported the conviction of Viken
Hovsepian, Karnig Sarkisian, Viken Yacubian and Steve Dadaian on charges of
conspiring to bomb the offices of the Turkish Consul General of Philadelphia. The
Times’ report stated that the court was “impressed” by the defendant’s
backgrounds and, at the time of sentencing, would consider the “combination of
family and sociological factors involved in their evolution as Armenian Activists.”
I am writing this letter to you in the hope that you will consider its contents as
you determine the sentence that you impose against these defendants.
It is clear that a federal district judge has broad discretion in criminal
sentencing. The court may consider the background and prior record of a defendant
before it imposes a sentence. With the enactment of the “Omnibus Victims
Protection Act of 1982,” courts are permitted an even broader range of
pre-sentence inquiry. The law now recognizes that the views of victims should be
heard and considered by adjudicative officials.
The “family and sociological factors” which the court indicated it would
consider at sentencing were originally introduced at trial as part of an insanity
defense. In fact, the defense attorneys in this case have publicly stated that they
preferred a non-jury trial because it would allow them a great opportunity to place
on the record the political, historical and sociological factors which led their
clients into this criminal activity. By this letter, I am asking the court to
include in its consideration the broader legal and social implications of the
defendants criminal activity before it imposes sentence. The defendants believed,
and likely still believe, that they were morally correct in plotting to transport
explosives from California to Pennsylvania with the purpose of detonating a bomb in
or near offices used by the Turkish Government. The defendants believed, and likely
still believe, that this act of terrorism would make them heroes in the eyes of
their people and help redress a historic wrong. It is respectfully submitted that by
their own testimony and the testimony of the experts employed by the defense, these
defendants have revealed themselves to be terrorists, as cold blooded and ruthless
as any in the Palestine Liberation Organization, the Irish Republican Army or the
I ask the court to consider the historic parallels among these groups. The P.L.O.
and the I.R.A. justify indiscriminate bombings and bloody ambushes by pointing to
the oppressive behavior of their victims. The Islamic Jidah claimed responsibility
for the terror bombings of American military and diplomatic installations in
Lebanon. They killed innocent people for a cause which they believed to be just.
These organizations ignore the laws of civilized societies and create their own
rules of behavior. They believe, as do the defendants before this honorable court,
that their cause justifies their acts. How do these defendants differ from their
spiritual brethren in the P.L.O., the I.R.A. or the Islamic Jidah? It is
respectfully submitted that, at present, the only difference is that these
defendants were prevented from completing their mission of terror by alert and
effective law enforcement.
It mattered not at all to these defendants that their intended victims were innocent
of any crimes against Armenians. It mattered not at all to these defendants that
innocent non-Turks could have been killed had they been able to detonate their bomb.
All that mattered to these defendants was vengeance for alleged historic wrongs.
The defendants relied upon the testimony of Professor Peskin, an expert on the
Jewish Holocaust. They attempted to analogize the Jewish experience in Nazi Germany
and the Armenian experience in Ottoman Turkey. They attempted to explain their
behavior by reference to frustration and helplessness. Their analogy fails, however,
because unlike these defendants, the children and grandchildren of the survivors of
Nazi death camps have not resorted to the indiscriminate bombings of German offices
and the killing of German government officials. The opposite, in fact, is true.
Israel has condemned terrorism and has worked to prevent its spread and use.
One of the prime topics of debate during the recent presidential elections was
world-wide terrorism and appropriate responses by the government of the United
States. Both President Reagan and former Vice President Mondale strongly condemned
international terrorism. While differing as to appropriate responses, both agreed
that forceful and effective responses to acts of terrorism were required.
This court is in a unique position. It has before it for sentencing self-avowed
Armenian terrorists. It is respectfully submitted that the sentences meted out by
this court are important not only to these defendants but to those who encourage and
support terrorism throughout this country and the world. Terrorism is never
justifiable nor excusable. Those who appoint themselves as judge, jury and
executioner must be punished severely for their acts. Only through severe punishment
may these defendants and those who support them be made to understand that American
society and American law will never condone nor tolerate the employment of political
terrorism. Good families and good intentions can never mitigate crimes of the nature
perpetrated and contemplated by these defendants.
I have enclosed, for your honor’s consideration, copies of scholarly papers which
were presented at a symposium held on April 17-18, 1984. The paper presented by
Professor Heath W. Lowry deals with 19th and 20th Century Armenian Terrorism. The
paper presented by Professor Justin McCarthy is entitled “Armenian Terrorism,
History as a Poison and Antidote”. These papers more fully explain the rationale
behind this letter. Also included is an article from The Armenian Reporter which
discusses the trial, and an Associated Press wire story on the November 19
assassination of a Turkish diplomat by the Armenian Revolutionary Army.
I sincerely thank the court for its time and consideration. All I ask is that
justice be done and that the punishment suit the crime.
Very truly yours,
Nan A. Canter
Assembly of Turkish American Associations
ATA-USA/Fall 1984-Winter, p. 23
Holdwater: The appeal fell on deaf ears. It probably
did not help that the judge's first name was misspelled.
Under the Omnibus Victims and Witness Protection Act of 1982, victims or intended
victims of crimes have the right to be heard by the court prior to the sentencing of
the defendants. All Turkish-Americans as well as all citizens and residents of the
United States, have been victimized by the acts of Armenian terrorists committed in
the United States. The Turkish-American association, ATAA, took the opportunity
afforded by the new law to present its case before the court, also joined by a
number of other organizations and individuals who felt that they, too, were victims.
Their pleas also fell on Judge Mariana
Pfaelzer's deaf ears. She acted as though these criminals could do no wrong, and
rewarded two with American citizenship.
|Attorney Bruce Fein is Appalled
Astonishing Quest to Naturalize Armenian Terrorists
Bruce Fein — Terrorism in all its moods and tenses stalks the world like the Four
Horseman of the Apocalypse. As President George Bush sermonized, neutrality or
indifference towards terrorism is not an option. If you are not affirmatively and
aggressively against the terrorist enemy, then you are for them and will be dealt with
Viken Hovspian, aged 22.
In the face of the Bush anti-terrorism doctrine, a pair of convicted
Armenian terrorists are boldly seeking American citizenship. They may capture that jewel
to escape deportation unless the complete effrontery of the quest is brought to the
attention of the Immigration and Naturalization Service and the federal courts.
The astonishing tale is told in the decision by the United States Court of Appeals for the
Ninth Circuit in United States v. Hovsepian (September 30, 2002). In 1982, the Federal
Bureau of Investigation thwarted a terrorist plot by Viken Hovsepian, Viken Yacoubian, and
others to blow up the Honorary Turkish Consul General in Philadelphia. Both terrorists
were Lebanese citizens and permanent residents of the United States. They repaid America's
hospitality by joining the terrorist Justice Commandoes of the Armenian Genocide
fanatically devoted to indiscriminate violence against Turkey to avenge the killings of
World War I. Indeed, the JCAG scoffed at the sister terrorist organization, the Armenian
Secret Army for Liberation of Armenia (ASALA), as insufficiently brutal. The FBI's
estimated the casualties from the foiled terrorist bombing, keenly relished by Hovsepian
and Yacoubian, at 2000-3000, a staggering Al Qaeda-like abomination.
The school where Viken Yacoubian
serves as principal.
Can you imagine him molding impressionable young
Armenian minds? At least the bars must look familiar.
The brothers in terrorism were convicted of federal crimes,
sentenced, and released after serving their full prison terms. Since their release,
neither has been convicted of a new crime and both have thrived within the Armenian
community. Hovsepian earned a doctor's degree in international relations from the
University of Southern California in 1994, and then switched to managing a hedge fund with
a New York based partner. Yacoubian earned a master's degree in psychology from Marymount
University in 1988, and later entered a doctoral program at USC. At present, he presides
as principal of the Rose and Alex Pilibos Armenian High School and teaches as a professor
at Woodbury University. Both have assembled glowing character references, many applauding
their dedication to the Armenian American community.
Viken Yacoubian; terrorist from
Lebanon, aged 19, now living the
good life in the USA.
In 1988 and 1990, Congress amended the immigration laws to subject
to deportation any alien guilty of unlawful possession of a destructive device, which
covered the crimes of Hovsepian and Yacoubian. Deportation proceedings ensued. But the two
appealed to the notoriously quixotic federal district Judge Mariana R. Pfaelzer to block
their deportations. Amidst a flurry of court skirmishing, the twin terrorists filed
naturalization applications with both the INS and Judge Pfaelzer. The INS denied the
outrageous overture, akin to a killer pleading for adoption by the grieving family, but
the District Judge granted the two United States citizenship.
Greater folly is scarcely imaginable! Federal law (8 U.S. Code 1427 (a)) requires that an
applicant for citizenship "has been and still is a person of good moral character,
attached to the principles of the Constitution of the United States, and well disposed to
the good order and happiness of the United States." Neither Hovsepian nor Yacoubian
come within a galaxy of satisfying those citizenship thresholds.
Affiliations are a chief earmark of moral character. Both were attached to the JCAG, a
prime terrorist organization bereft of both morals and mercy. The two have never denounced
the JCAG as thugs and brutes; they have never preached against Armenian terrorism against
Turkey, Turkish officials, or Turkish Americans, whether in the United States or abroad.
They have never disowned Armenian American hero Mourad Topalian, former Chairman of the
Armenian National Committee of America, for his conviction in plotting the bombing of the
Turkish mission to the United Nations. They have not taught ostracism or social stigma for
Armenian Americans who revel in provoking antagonism towards Turkish Americans, such as
disrupting innocent celebrations of Turkish culture on university campuses. Their silence
speaks volumes about their continuing sympathy for Armenians who would employ violence,
intimidation, or harassment to avenge "the Cause." To say nothing amidst a
hurricane of evil is tacit approval, an observation especially true of Hovsepian and
Yacoubian who are prominent role models and educators of the Armenian American community.
To choose violence and threats in lieu of free speech and the peaceful political processes
of democracy is also to desecrate the principles of the United States Constitution. And to
promote hatred and wrath towards one ethnic group in the United States, like whites
inculcating revulsion of blacks during Jim Crow, shows that Hovsepian and Yacoubian prefer
turmoil to good order in the United States and reject its uniquely inspiring creed: There
is only one race in the country which unifies all. It is American.
By a frighteningly narrow 2-1 margin, the Ninth Circuit reversed Judge Pfaelzer's
citizenship grant and returned the applications of Hovsepian and Yacoubian to the INS for
an administrative appeal. But the case is destined to return to federal courts. They must
be fully informed of the nature of Armenian terrorism and terrorist culture to avoid any
*Bruce Fein is an adjunct scholar of ATAA. The views expressed are solely his own.
Times, Oct. 15-22, 2002
& Pieces About the Case
According to "Terrorists Win Cut in Prison Time" (The Orange
County Register, July 12, 1988; Adam Dawson):
"A federal judge Monday approved a plan of community service enabling three
convicted Armenian-American terrorists to cut one year each from their prison
Only excerpts of this article were available, but it claimed at least three of the
five received prison sentences. Steven Dadaian, 26 at the
time, was one. The remainder were Sarkissian (five years) and "Viken Hovsepian,
27, of Santa Monica" (six years),
When one year each was cut from each of their terms, set to start Sept. 20, 1988
almost six years after their arrests (in October 1982), here was the condition:
"Each must perform 1,000 hours of free work in the Armenian community."
Yes, it was actually "fixed," so that the way in which they paid their
debt to American society was to benefit the Armenian community!
Shocking. Simply shocking, the strings that were being mysteriously pulled,
behind the scenes...
According to "JUDGE TO WEIGH ARMENIAN GENOCIDE IN BOMB PLOT HERE" (UPI,
appearing in Philadelphia Daily News, October 10, 1984, Page 24) U.S.
District Court Judge Mariana Pfaelzer was reported as saying that "she will
consider the Turks' mass slaughter of Armenians during World War I in sentencing
four young Armenian terrorists found guilty of plotting to blow up the Turkish
consulate in Philadelphia. " (The fifth man, Sarkis Berberian, was excluded
from the list, apparently indicating he served no prison time at all.)
In other words, according to this incredibly prejudiced and ignorant judge, there
were five convicted:  Viken Yacoubian, 24,  Viken Hovsepian, 24,  Karnig
Sarkissian, 31,  Steven Dadaian, 22, and ...
 The Turks, 69.
Unbelievable! The spirit of Soghoman Tehlirian's despicable 1921 trial was alive and well in this ridiculous
Two News Reports Provide
Details on Their Citizenship
Court upholds citizenship for Armenians in Turkish Consulate plot
9/6/2005, 10:00 p.m. ET
By GILLIAN FLACCUS
The Associated Press
A federal appeals court ruled Tuesday that a judge did not err in granting U.S.
citizenship to two Armenian men convicted more than 20 years ago of planning to bomb
the Turkish Consulate in Philadelphia. The decision by the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of
Appeals ends a long struggle by Viken Hovsepian and Viken Yacoubian, who plotted to
bomb the consulate in retaliation for the killings of Armenians by Turks in 1915.
The Turkish government denies a massacre occurred.
The men, who have been out of prison since the early 1990s, now have doctorates,
have renounced violence and volunteer many hours a week in the Los Angeles Armenian-
American community, said Mathew Millen, an attorney who helped handle the
immigration portion of their case.
Federal law currently forbids convicted terrorists from becoming citizens. But
anyone convicted of an aggravated felony before November 1990 can be granted
citizenship if they have been "of good moral character" for five years
prior to their application, Millen said.
"They both renounced violence as a means of achieving any kind of political
end," Millen said by phone. "They both have Ph.D.s, and they had a lot of
witnesses who talked about their activity in the community" at their
The federal government fought the citizenship application, contending that the men
lied on certain portions of their applications. The 9th Circuit affirmed Tuesday a
lower-court opinion that the alleged "lies" were actually
misunderstandings or oversights.
"We accept the court's ruling, as we do with any ruling," said Thom
Mrozek, spokesman for the U.S. attorney in Los Angeles.
The men were in their early 20s when they and two others were arrested in 1982 after
authorities tape-recorded them planning the bombing. Authorities at the time said
they were linked to the Justice Commandos of the Armenian Genocide.
Hovsepian was sentenced to six years in prison in 1984, while Yacoubian was
sentenced to three years in prison and 1,000 hours of community service.
Yacoubian is now principal of the Rose and Alex Pilibos Armenian School in Los
Angeles' Little Armenia and has obtained a doctorate in counseling psychology from
the University of Southern California, according to court documents.
He declined to comment when reached by phone at the school. His attorney, Michael
Lightfoot, did not immediately return calls Tuesday.
(Highlighting below is Holdwater's)
Wednesday, September 6, 2005
Court Allows Two Convicted in Bomb Plot to Keep Citizenship
By KENNETH OFGANG, Staff Writer/Appellate Courts
A federal judge did not commit clear error when she allowed two local men who faced
deportation for their involvement in a terrorist plot more than 20 years ago to become
naturalized citizens, the Ninth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ruled yesterday.
In a unanimous en banc decision,
the court—which last year reversed Senior U.S. District Judge Mariana R. Pfaelzer’s
ruling in favor of Viken Hovsepian and Viken Yacoubian and ordered the judge to hear
additional evidence—said the government failed to show that any of Pfaelzer’s factual
findings on remand were erroneous.
Pfaelzer swore the two men in as citizens in August 2000, months
after ordering that the records of their convictions be sealed, that the
Immigration and Naturalization Service be enjoined from relying on post-1985 changes in
immigration law to deport them.
That order came 14 years after Pfaelzer sentenced the pair to federal prison camps for
plotting to blow up the Turkish consulate in Philadelphia in 1982. Efforts to remove the
two Lebanese citizens from this country were described by the judge during an earlier
hearing as “nothing short of lunacy.”
The FBI linked the two to the Justice Commandos for the Armenian Genocide, which the
bureau blamed for the killing of 21 Turkish diplomats, including the Turkish consul killed
in Los Angeles in 1982.
The group advocated violence against Turks in retaliation for the killing of 1.5 million
Armenians in the early part of the last century and the refusal of modern-day Turkey to
accept responsibility. The Turkish government calls the figure “grossly erroneous” and
attributes the deaths of Armenians in that period to “intercommunal” political, rather
than ethnic and religious, conflict.
The bomb plot for which the two men were convicted was exposed after the U.S. Foreign
Intelligence Surveillance Court issued a warrant to tap Hovsepian’s telephone.
A co-conspirator was able to get the bomb on board a Los Angeles-to-Boston flight in
October 1982, but was arrested upon landing. The FBI, which seized the bomb, contended that had it been detonated, it would have likely killed thousands of people.
When the pair was sentenced, Pfaelzer said they were “basically of good character.” She rejected calls by federal prosecutors for lengthy sentences,
and issued a “judicial recommendation against deportation”
for both defendants, who are permanent U.S. residents.
Under pre-1990 immigration law, a JRAD, as it was known, constituted an absolute bar to
deportation based on the underlying conviction. But the Ninth Circuit ruled in 1994 that a
change in the law, mandating deportation for certain offenses, took precedence over the
Pfaelzer then ordered the convictions expunged under
the Federal Youth Corrections Act which the judge found applicable because the men were
less than 26 years of age when they committed the crimes and granted them citizenship.
That ruling was reversed in 2002 by a divided three-judge panel.
That court acknowledged that Hovsepian, who holds a USC doctoral degree in international
relations and manages a hedge fund, and Yacoubian, the principal of a private Armenian
school in East Hollywood, “have lived exemplary lives and have become pillars of their communities since their release from
prison.” But the panel said it was up to the INS, not the district judge, to determine
whether they remained deportable.
Last year, the en banc panel disagreed in part, saying Pfaelzer had “exclusive
jurisdiction” to decide whether the two should be naturalized. But Judge Susan Graber,
who authored that decision as well as the one handed down yesterday, said the district
judge could not ignore their criminal convictions in making that determination.
Even an expunged conviction is relevant to the “moral character” of an applicant for
citizenship, Graber said. She also concluded that the judge could not ignore changes in
the applicable law, but noted that Congress expressly excluded pre-1990 convictions from
the provision making an aggravated felony conviction an absolute bar to naturalization.
The en banc panel retained jurisdiction over the case and gave Pfaelzer 120 days to take
additional evidence and make new findings. In doing so, she again found that the men
possessed good moral character, citing their years of law-abiding activity, the respect they enjoyed in the community, and their
renunciation of violence and advocacy of Armenian democracy and Armenian-Turkish dialogue.
Graber said yesterday that those findings are entitled to deference under the “clearly
erroneous” standard, which generally governs findings of fact by district judges under
the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, and are consistent with congressional intent that a
felony conviction not preclude a finding of good moral character in all circumstances.
The case is United States v. Hovsepian, 99-50041.
Copyright 2005, Metropolitan News Company
It's an absolutely incredible
story, isn't it?
Turkish Consul General
Assassinated in 1982.
The FBI linked these five Armenians to the murder (fellow JCAG member Hampig Sassounian was found guilty of the crime; a second gunman
was never caught), the
ones who were found to have "possessed good moral character," two of whom
were rewarded with U.S. citizenship.
Of course they were going to employ "renunciation of violence," especially
after they got caught and especially after Armenian terrorism is no longer in vogue
(in the form of the sword; never lost its popularity in the form of the pen). The
question is, did these one-time hateful, brainwashed fanatics see the error of their
ways? Does anyone believe their poisoned brains have magically done away with their
hatred of Turks? Not that such a phenomenon is unknown — it happened with Levon Ekmekjian — but Armenian
terrorists' hero worship in the Armenian community likely would not permit such a
change of heart on the part of former terrorists. (As Fein explained in his article above; the silence of these ex-terrorists is extremely telling.)
The dominant mentality among
Armenians is that the more one curses and kills Turks, the greater such an Armenian
displays his or her patriotism. The bigoted judge appears to have been wholly
unconcerned regarding the real change of attitude that she should have
reqjuired.among these criminals... in order to determine whether they were of true
The crime they were convicted of could have killed thousands. ("2000-3000, a
staggering Al Qaeda-like abomination.")
It's just plain unbelievable.
diplomats killed by fanatical Armenian terrorists
Murdered Turkish Diplomats
ARMENIAN TERRORISM: "Threads of Continuity"
Armenian Terrorism in the 20th Century