The Armenian "Curtain of Fear" was phrased by Prof. Heath Lowry, in
his excellent "NINETEENTH
AND TWENTIETH CENTURY ARMENIAN TERRORISM: ‘Threads of Continuity’,"
which will be referred to extensively in this paper. (As well as an article by Prof.
Justin McCarthy. So when you see references to these two professors and wish
to consult the original sources, come on back to the top of the page for these
links.) Dr. Lowry mainly applied the phrase to the fear instilled among fellow
Armenians by the more fanatical among them. I have frequently borrowed the
phrase and applied it to the fear the fanatical Armenians have instilled among
non-Armenians, with the Armenians' well-known intimidation tactics. For this
study, we'll be using Dr. Lowry's meaning, for the most part.
As much as hateful Armenian propagandists enjoy presenting the idea that the
Armenians were a persecuted community within the Ottoman Empire, by throwing
terms such as "dhimmi" and "slaves" to describe the always
poor, innocent, martyred Armenians, the fact of the matter is the Armenians prospered as never before
in their history, and were, in a manner of speaking, the masters of Ottoman
society. The economy was in their hands, for the most part. (Sure, the
not-as-well-off Armenians in Eastern Anatolia were victimized by lawless
bands, mostly Kurds; but these were in areas where Ottoman control was weak,
and the victims were everyone, not only Armenians.)
Until the mid-to-late 19th century, we have this situation of relative harmony
and prosperity. As Jemal Pasha put it in his memoirs with evident sincerity (backed up by many Western
sources, such as Sir Charles Eliot, Turkey in Europe, writing in 1900 that until
the years succeeding the Turkish-Russian War of 1877-78, "The Turks and
Armenians got on excellently together"): "...[U]ntil after the
Crimean War of 1856 the Turks and Armenians lived together on the best of
terms and the former were never guilty of any wrongs against their Armenian
neighbours. When the Russians turned greedy eyes on the Ottoman Empire they
began to think it would be politically effective if they could make the
Christian elements in Rumelia tools in their designs."
The imperialists, ultimately also including Britain and France, all eyeing the
rich geography of the ailing Ottoman Empire, began to gang up on the Turks.
Their "Christian" prejudices helping to take out Ottoman possessions
in Europe helped convince the Armenian extremists to get a piece of the pie.
Knowing that the imperialists anxious to slice apart the Ottoman Empire would
be on their side (but not always knowing the reason had little to do with
caring for the Armenians; the imperialists were happy to use the Armenians as pawns),
the Armenians set as their goal to create an Armenian state.
Who were these Armenians? For a good part, they were outsiders, hoping to stir
up trouble within the Ottoman Empire. For example, the Dashnak Party was set
up in Tiflis, in the Russian Caucasus. The Hunchaks got started by students in
How were they going to go about achieving their goal? Other than by sending
their "colonists" (as Richard Hovannisian accurately described them
in "The Republic of Armenia") to bigoted Western nations to
create and maintain "Terrible Turk" propaganda (which is continuing
full-blast today), and by committing political violence in order to incite the
wrath of the Muslims and commit counter-massacres (providing an excuse for the
imperialists to come in), what the terrorists needed to do was
[A] Raise money, and
[B] Get the loyal Armenians to stop being loyal to their Ottoman nation
In order to achieve both of the above sub-goals, the terrorists needed to
resort to the "Curtain of Fear." A Curtain of Fear still in
operation today; this is why the Armenian Diaspora and (once the Dashnaks took
over) the Republic of Armenia speak as one monolithic voice.
Pay attention to that dagger...important "Armenian"
connection, coming up
The inspiration for this page comes from a Hollywood film from 1950, BLACK HAND, starring
How appropriate for the word "hand" to be
in the title. This is what C. F. Dixon-Johnson wrote, referring to the expression of the
"well-known hand" (borrowing from Sir Henry Layard, Ambassador to Istanbul,
referring to forces having invented atrocity propaganda in Bulgaria):
"...it is indeed more than possible that some 'well-known hand' has been deceiving
them. May not this hand have been that of the wealthy Armenian Committees which are spread
over Europe and America, and who have never hesitated as to the means chosen for the
attainment of their objects, because with them the end justifies the means?"
Dixon-Johnson was alluding to the powerful and wealthy hidden forces sneakily operating in
the background, creating and maintaining anti-Turkish propaganda, utilizing their
traditionally unscrupulous "end justifies the means" philosophy... no
different than the ways of the genocide industry today.
The "Black Hand" of the movie's title refers to secret, criminal Italian groups
in the New York City of a century ago. Their methods of violence and intimidation served
to silence their fellow immigrants, allowing the criminals to extort money from the
peaceful Italians. (Not unique among immigrant groups; Chinese immigrants also dealt with
the Tongs.) This was exactly the way the Armenian terrorists operated, to rob money from
the peaceful Armenians of the Ottoman Empire (and those of other nations; an example of
keeping New York City Armenians in line will be forthcoming).
While Dixon-Johnson's "Well-Known Hand" alluded to unethical pro-Armenians
purposely lying for their propagandistic cause, versus the cause of greedy gangsters
regarding the "Black Hand," we can see the difference: the former were and are
motivated by political reasons. (While others use politics as a front for their greed.)
However, the Armenians operated no less in gangster fashion, and the gap is further
narrowed when we consider those who spread vile, hateful propaganda (particularly in the
knowledge that false information is purposely spread, because the "end justifies the
means") are terrorists in their own right.
Gene Kelly, as Columbo, returns from Italy as a
to seek vengeance, a concept up the alley of some Armenians
BLACK HAND opens with a scroll, informing us "At the turn
of the century, there were more Italians living in New York than in Rome." Quickly
making certain that the viewer understands not all Italians are "bad," we
are accurately told that those such as DiMaggio and LaGuardia went on to become true
Americans. Yet it was the struggle of the other good Italians who were up against
the "Old World terror of the Black Hand" that our story will focus
upon... the story of how the "Black Hand" (really, the forerunner of the
Mafia) would be "purged from their ranks" to give "bright
dignity to their people and to this nation."
Already we've got a big difference between the Italian-Americans and the
Armenian-Americans. The Italians knew the Mafia was evil, and worked toward cutting
their ties to the criminal organization. Yet to most Armenians, the Dashnak
"Mafia" has been regarded as Armenian heroes. (Please refer to Dr. Lowry's
excellent article. The Armenian community has never condemned their terrorists, from
the Tehlirians of yesteryear to the Sassounians [Hampig, not Harut; not to say the
latter's pen is necessarily less lethal than the former's gun] of today, but even
(It must be said, however, that at the beginnings of the secret societies, most
Ottoman-Armenians had good lives and wanted no part of the fanatical terrorists.
Only over a period of time did the masses accept and approve, not helped by the
terrorists' making sure to drive the Turks and Armenians apart. [Armenians who still
wanted no part of the terrorists were forced to choose them, as the situation
deteriorated to tribalism.])
Anti-Dashnak Armenian patriot Arthur Derounian made the distinction clear; he wrote that not
all Americans were alike. Eleanor Roosevelt, for example, was "good," and
Al Capone was "bad." But when it comes to Armenians, the "Nationalism
First" feature of the Armenian community knows to keep a tight lid on the
"Unfortunately, some timid souls are horrified at the exposure of Armenian
prototypes of the Smiths, Capones, Buchalters. This attitude is based on the premise
that our faults should remain unpublicized to 'outsiders.' Why? Are we not at least
as human as our native-born American brethren who themselves claim no monopoly on
virtues? Are we Armenians 'superior’ to all other ethnic groups? Are we a 'race'
apart, free of weakness? Denying that self-analysis is a virtue, the timid souls
would even deny that our frailties are common to humanity everywhere."
(The reluctance of Dashnak-minded Armenians to expose their own criminals has served
them well to perpetuate their "Myth of Innocence." Once in a great while
there have been slip-ups, as in "Men Are Like That", but for the most part, Armenians have
abided by an "oath of silence," so as not to rat themselves out. Another
disturbing "Mafia" analogy..!)
Derounian truly spelled it out: "... the questionable Armenians are hard at
work. We believe their political chicaneries should be exposed. The cause of justice
is best served by truth, and the cause of truth by the merciless exposure of those
who, under the guise of patriotism, seek to pervert both truth and patriotism."
But "Truth" and the Dashnak Armenian remain at polar opposites. Why have
the sensible voices in the Armenian community been drowned out? Here it is, in a
nutshell, courtesy of a TRUE Armenian patriot (don't worry, genocide-lovers, he was
a genocide believer as well!), Arthur Derounian:
ARF emblem, as with the Black Hand title card (see
above) features a dagger as well..!
"...[T]he ARF assumed the leadership by
its more fanatic appeal, and its policy of liquidating by terror all
The ARF (Armenian Revolutionary Federation) is, of course, the Dashnaks. Derounian
even made a case for the Dashnaks being little different from the Mafia:
"Another effected practice was the intimidation of prominent men in order to
obtain financial support. Those who refused were 'put on the spot.' In fact, it was
very similar to the underground methods of modern racketeering, except that its goal
And it is this parallel we will be observing. Whether that goal was
"noble" remains highly debatable. Not when the greedy Armenian terrorist
leaders didn't care about anyone but themselves, exposing the Armenian people to
horrible danger and conditions (even after Armenia was established, through their
corruption, creating a "land of
death," verily, as Richard Hovannisian wrote in p. 133 of one of his
(Peter Brocco, not Falk)
meets with the cop
The movie opens in 1900 New York City with Roberto Columbo, a modest
lawyer who decides to make a difference by going to the police.
"Last week it came; a letter bearing the mark of the Black
Hand. A letter saying that I would die, if I did not give them money... or if I went to
the police. Half of the little I earn... half!"
Columbo gives a description of the crooks, those that "have
to have the earnings of such men as me. It must stop!" and reasons that
it's time the immigrants learn to trust the police to put a stop to these "murderers... these extortionists." Of course, the
signor's good intentions backfire, as the Black Hand turns out to be much too powerful.
Such were exactly the tactics of the Armenian terrorists; as Williams, The British
vice-consul noted, writing from Van. (March 4, 1896, British Blue Book, Nr. 8 1896,
"The Dashnaks and Hunchaks have terrorized their own countrymen, they have stirred
up the Muslim people with their thefts and insanities, and have paralyzed all efforts made
to carry out reforms; all the events that have taken place in Anatolia are the
responsibility of the crimes committed by the Armenian revolutionary committees."
Or as Lord Warkworth pointed out, after paying a visit to Van (referenced in William
Langer's "The Diplomacy of Imperialism"), these were "the
atrocious methods of terrorism and blackmail" of "a handful of
desperados, as careful of their own safety as they are reckless of the lives of
others," having "too successfully coerced their unwilling compatriots
into complicity with an utterly hopeless conspiracy."
An excellent overview by Prof. Justin McCarthy:
The Dashnaks looked on the merchants as a source of money. The merchants would never
donate to the revolution willingly. They had to be forced to do so. The first reported
case of extortion from merchants came in Erzurum in 1895, soon after the Dashnak Party
became active in the Ottoman domains. The campaign began in earnest in 1901. In that year
the extortion of funds through threats and assassination became the official policy of the
Dashnak Party. The campaign was carried out in Russia and the Balkans, as well as in the
Ottoman Empire. One prominent Armenian merchant, Isahag Zhamharian, refused to pay and
reported the Dashnaks to the police. He was assassinated in the courtyard of an Armenian
church. Others who did not pay were also killed. The rest of the merchants then paid.
(Note the exact parallel to the movie's Columbo character! "Zhamharian, refused to
pay and reported the Dashnaks to the police.")
Prof. McCarthy elaborates further:
From 1902 to 1904 the main extortion campaign brought in the equivalent, in today's
money, of more than eight million dollars. And this was only the amount collected by the
central Dashnak committee in a short period, almost all from outside the Ottoman Empire.
It does not include the amounts extorted from 1895 to 1914 in many areas of the Ottoman
Empire. Soon the merchants were paying their taxes to the revolutionaries, not to the
government. When the government in Van demanded that the merchants pay their taxes, the
merchants pleaded that they had indeed paid taxes, but to the revolutionaries. They said
they could only pay the government if the government protected them from the rebels. The
same condition prevailed all over Eastern Anatolia, in Izmir, in Cilicia, and elsewhere.
(We are often told "double taxation" was a cause for Armenian discontent. The
culprits, we are told, were the Kurds... but perhaps there was another possibility.)
Isabella (Teresa Celli) that he's a cut above
As BLACK HAND progresses to the year 1908, the son of the lawyer
(Johnny, played by Gene Kelly) — who has sworn vengeance — returns from Italy, from
where his mother had moved to. Johnny encounters a childhood friend, Isabella, who tries
to talk him out of taking on the Black Hand. "What's the
matter... are you another one who wants to do nothing?" Johnny says.
Isabella then explains her own family's fatal experience, where the Black Hand bombed a
building, killing many. She cries, "You think I don't want
to stop it? But one man, one man against the Black Hand... the old Italian way, swear
vengeance, kill or be killed, brave and proud..."
Well! That sounds dangerously close to the Armenian mode, doesn't it? The slightest
insult, and it is "I will KILL you" time. For example, when the USA decided to
add Armenia to its list of suspect terrorist nations in the wake of 9/11, an
Armenian-American truck driver got it into his head to kill President Bush. It doesn't even matter if the suspected villain
is guilty, at times... for example, Jemal Pasha was a great friend and protector of the
Armenians, but the crazed Dashnak hit man squad, Nemesis, assassinated Jemal anyway. In
modern times, the more extremist Armenians know better than to fire their pistols; these
days, character assassination serves as the preferred mode of the "hit." For
example, another great friend of the Armenians, PBS' Jacoba Atlas, only one of the many
PBS people who openly advocated the genocide myth and permitted PBS' latest genocide
"documentary" travesty, was ripped
open by the Courier's Harut Sassounian and his acolytes, simply because Atlas
felt Sassounian's cause for existence was "not entirely analogous" to the
Let's provide a notorious example that is on a par with the Black
Hand's style of indiscriminate killing, as related by Isabella. It's from "The
Armenian Review," Vol. 10, No. 2-38, June 1957, an article entitled DRO, by
Pertaining to, as the article tells us, "the Armeno-Tatar clashes of
1904-06, and interracial war instigated by the Tsar's government to liquidate the
Armenians of the Caucasus" (This would be Russia, Armenia's great "friend," perpetrating — if
we accept the "liquidation" charge — a forgotten "first genocide of
the 20th century" upon the Armenians. The Tsar's agent during this period,
Golitsyn, was said to have boasted ‘In a short time there will be no Armenians
left in the Caucasus, save a few specimens for the museum’), Dro, "the
avenging angel of the tormentors of the Armenian people, the executioner of
justice," was assigned to take out "the infamous Prince Nakashidze,
the Governor of Baku," in 1905. Dro had already gotten his feet wet with "the
liquidation of Boghoslavski, the Armenophobe monster who was governor of Igdir."
Christopher Walker ("ARMENIA: The Survival of a Nation") described
Prince Nakashidze as the "main executant" of Prince Golitsyn's
"anti-Armenian policy." The "Armenian Review" article
specifies Nakashidze's crime: "Blood was flowing freely on both sides and
yet the government did not lift a finger to stop the carnage... Nakashidze silently
stood by and watched the slaughter. Meanwhile, Nakashidze secretly aided the Tatars
to destroy the Armenians." (This was hardly a conflict of equals. As Ohanus
Appressian related in p. 23 of "Men Are Like That": "In the
Armenian-Tartar War of 1905 the Armenians had much the better of the fighting. Many
of our men had served in the Russian Army, and were trained soldiers. We Armenians
were rich and possessed arms. The Tartars had never received military training. They
were poor, and possessed few arms beyond knives." )
"The revolutionary court sentenced Nakashidze to death as the instigator and
author of the Baku massacres." (A court Judge Roy Bean would have been
proud of. Similar "courts" also decided the fates of innocent Ottoman
officials such as Jemal Pasha.) "On May 11, at 3 P.M., as the Governor's
carriage was racing along the central boulevard of thecity, a bomb shattered the
carriage, instantly disfiguing the body of Nakashidze and mortally wounding the
Turkish driver, Nakashidze's aide and a Turkish fruit vendor near by."
Nothing new there. One of Armenia's greatest heroes was one of
the most successful murderers of all time. But here is the part I got a real kick
out of; it turns out Dro, the "humble" hero as the article tells us
elsewhere, gave his version of the assassination to Vahan Afrikian, as related in Hairenik
Daily (April 22, 1956), "which throws a characteristic light on Dro's
Turkish fruit vendor
Dro had a severe belly ache, and then saw the
Turkish fruit vendor, seated nearby. He walked over to him, said something, then
retraced his steps. The Governor in his carriage, escorted by mounted guards,
approached. "Instantly I straightened up, forgot my pain, and as the
carriage passed by me I threw the bomb. It was a bull's eye. At the terrific
explosion and the ensuing panic I assumed my former pitiful appearance and silently
Later, Dro leisurely made his way back and "saw the ravages of the bomb —
the shattered bodies of the dead and the splinters of the carriage. My only regret
was that the Turkish vendor had been blown to bits."
Yes, ladies and gentlemen, this is an example of Dro, who thought of his path as
"holy," showing what a great "humanitarian" he was. Can
you believe the psychotic logic of the extremist Armenians?
(Maurice Samuels) is suspicious of the stranger
in the bar
Back to BLACK HAND: Johnny then visits the one
eyewitness who might be able to finger the criminals who wronged his family. He pays
a vist to the fellow (Mr. Moriani) who is now a bartender. But the walls have ears,
and the criminals quickly make a stiff of the stiff drink server before his private
meeting with Johnny comes to pass.
As Dr. Lowry wrote, citing Gerard Libaridian, "56 of the 105 individuals
assassinated by Armenian terrorists between 1904-1906 were murdered as 'informers',
the message which the terrorists intended to convey had clearly gotten through to
them. Anyone who speaks up against one of their members will die."
(Two out of three victims of Armenian terrorism between 1904-1906 were fellow
Armenians. "Its purpose, then as now, was nothing more or less than
intimidation. The conscious attempt to frighten the overwhelming majority of
peaceful Armenians into silence as regards the activities of the terrorists.")
One of the famous alleged informers was Harootyoun Mugurditchian (Artin
Mugerditchian); Soghoman Tehlirian, the Dashnak assassin of Talat Pasha, simply on
the word of a fellow terrorist (a Hunchak, Yeranouhi Danielian), decided to take out
Mugurditchian; the latter was suspected of providing the list of two to three
hundred Armenian cultural leaders to be arrested on April 24, in Istanbul. The
author of an article about Tehlirian in The Armenian Review (Nov. 1960),
Sarkis Atamian, described Mugurditchian as an "unconscionable traitor,"
and justified Tehlirian's murderous ways in the following fanatical manner: "without
retribution, justice, is merely a word."
(Mario Siletti) has his back to the wall while his wife sobs
Johnny and Isabella next team up in order to combat the Black Hand.
They try to round up a "citizen's league," realizing there is strength in
numbers. They visit a tailor (Danetta) hoping to get him to join, but he and his
wife give the cold shoulder. In short time, it becomes apparent their son,
Francesco, has been kidnapped.
"If we tell anybody, they'd kill him... he's just a little child, ten years
old," Danetta explains, adding the money demanded for Francesco's
return is not ransom. "It's money they say I owe
them... three, four months ago, they came around and they say, from then on, double.
Double the amount every week. Double. I got mad and say no." That's
what got them to take their child. "They win, Johnny,
they always win."
Pantikyan, an Armenian famed for playing a great role in the armistice, is reported
to have told M. Sifir: "The committeemen robbed the Istanbul Armenians...
pitilessly. They put several wealthy persons into a penniless situation."
at right, has good news for the couple.
The sympathetic cop, Lt. Louis Lorelli (played
by J. Carroll Naish), gets word that Johnny and Isabella managed to scrounge up six
brave citizens to come to their first meeting of the citizen's league. With their
wives, that would make twelve, the detective figures. He offers to jack up the
numbers with fourteen new members, and their wives. He explains that he even managed
to get the church to agree to set up the meeting place.
On the fateful night, the organizers wait for Johnny to appear, but he is delayed.
The detective begins to bide time by explaining what the Black Hand is about. "Neighborhood gangs, that's all they are. They all have
criminal records back in Italy. (Such as) the Mafia in Sicily. They come over here,
nobody knows them."
(Just as with the beginnings of the Armenian secret societies in the Ottoman Empire,
before they developed into a homegrown network. The criminals all came from outside,
mainly from Russia and Iran. Prof. McCarthy explains: "Dashnaks from Russia
were the leaders of rebellion. They were the organizers and the 'enforcers' who
turned the Armenians of Anatolia into rebel soldiers. This was not an easy task,
because at first most of the Ottoman Armenians had no wish to rebel. They preferred
peace and security and disapproved of the atheistic, socialist revolutionaries. A
feeling of separatism and even superiority among the Armenians helped the
revolutionaries, but the main weapon that turned the Armenians of the East into
rebels was terrorism. The prime cause that united the Armenians against their
government was fear.")
Finally, the door opens and Johnny falls down, unconscious and with his leg mangled.
The gathered people quickly and nervously filter out the door. The police chief who
was also in attendance tells Louis that this spells the end of the league, and they
didn't even go so far as a murder.
comes crashing down
The Armenian terrorists also made an example of
what they considered a threat, in plain view, inside a church. But they even out
performed the murderous Black Hand, as the crime was committed in front of everyone.
Dr. Lowry tells us (providing an example of terrorism performed in "Black
Hand" territory, New York City):
"On September 24, 1933, the then primate of the Armenian Church of America,
Archbishop Leon Touranian was assassinated by Armenian terrorists as he prepared to
celebrate mass in the Armenian Cathedral of New York City. As he walked up the aisle
in plain sight of several hundred waiting parishioners, a group of men blocked his
path, knives flashed, and he fell dead on the floor."
Sabballera (Frank Puglia) is feisty with the D.A.,
across-the-neck gesture: KKK-KK!
One of the Black Hand hoods is finally hauled
into the courtroom, thanks to a thin lead left behind from one of his bombing
attacks. (The proprietor of the store, Sabballera, refused to give the thousand
dollars the hood had demanded.) Sabballera is called to the witness stand and
enthusiastically tells the story. Suddenly, he catches sight of someone in the
courtroom who gestures the "sign of death" across the throat. That shuts
the witness up immediately.
Det. Louis jumps up from his seat and tries to drum up the courage of the witness.
He explains the immigrant psychology to the judge:
"Your honor, I can't prove he's been intimidated. I
don't know who gave him the sign, but somebody did. Your honor, you said to
Sabballera the protection of the law. But you have to understand how different it is
for Sabballera, for all these people. He don't believe we can protect him. And
that's why he can be intimidated. To lots of them, a cop means a tax collector, or
being dragged into the army... they got used to policemen being foreigners, enemies,
oppressors, you might say. What I mean, your honor, is that they don't know."
That sort of reasoning
probably applied to the Armenians of New York City, as well. Dr. Lowry continues
with the murdered priest story:
"Not one individual in the crowd was able to identify a single one of the
assailants. The New York District Attorney who prosecuted the subsequent trial of
the nine man Dashnak cell responsible for the assassination, had the following to
say in regard to the failure of a single Armenian present in the Church to testify
against the assailants:
'The detectives faced a wall of reticence which did not auger well for a solution of
the mysterious killing. Either these Armenians wished to settle the feuds in their
own way by murderous counterplots; or they were too much in fear for their own
safety to disclose what they know.' [Spectator, December 7, 1983]"
Money changes hands under the sinister influence of the
The roots of the Armenian clergy targeted and then recruited into the ranks of the
terrorists is explained by Prof. McCarthy:
"Before the Armenians could be turned into rebels their traditional loyalty to
their Church and their Community leaders had to be destroyed. The rebels realized that
Armenians felt the most love and respect for their Church, not for the revolution. The
Dashnak Party therefore resolved to take effective control of the Church. Most clergymen,
however, did not support the atheistic Dashnaks. The Church could only be taken over
What happened to Armenian clergymen who opposed the Dashnaks? Priests were killed in
villages and cities. Their crime? They were loyal Ottoman subjects. The Armenian bishop of
Van, Boghos, was murdered by the revolutionaries in his cathedral on Christmas Eve. His
crime? He was a loyal Ottoman subject. The Dashnaks attempted to kill the Armenian
Patriarch in Istanbul, Malachia Ormanian. His crime? He opposed the revolutionaries. Arsen,
the priest in charge of the important Akhtamar Church in Van, the religious center of the
Armenians in the Ottoman East, was murdered by Ishkhan, one of the leaders of Van's
Dashnaks. His crime? He opposed the Dashnaks. But there was an additional reason to kill
him: The Dashnaks wanted to take over the Armenian education system that was based in
Akhtamar. After Father Arsen was killed, the Dashnak Aram Manukian, a man without known
religious belief, became head of the Armenian schools. He closed down religious education
and began revolutionary education. So-called "religious teachers" spread
throughout Van Province, teaching revolution, not religion.
The loyalty of the rebels was to the revolution. Not even their Church was safe from their
The Armenian Church today can too frequently be a "henchman" to the terrorists.
Hatred of Turks is, at times, preached in churches, molding or reinforcing impressionable
Armenian minds. "Genocide-speak" is never far away, presenting a danger that Dr.
Robert John (Hovhanes) warned against in an Armenian Newspaper (The Reporter,
August 2, 1984): "The Armenian, the Jew or the African should not damage their
development with a continual conditioning of hate; neither should spurious guilt be vented
upon others. These negative preoccupations and obsessions are obstructing our evolution.”
It's pretty outrageous when Bishop Balakian (nicknamed the "Action Priest") blessed the
terrorist and murderer, Soghoman Tehlirian, at the time of the assassin's 1921 trial. Equally reprehensible is the modern Catholicos,
Karekin II, putting his stamp of holy approval on terrorists and murderers such as Dro and Antranik... when the
remains of these Armenian "heroes" were shipped back to Armenia, in recent
Prof. McCarthy continues:
"The other group that most threatened the power of the rebels was the Armenian
merchant class. As a group they favored the government. They wanted peace and order, so
that they could do business. They were the traditional secular leaders of the Armenian
Community; the rebels wanted to lead the Community themselves, so the merchants had to be
silenced. Those who most publicly supported their government, such as Bedros Kapamaciyan,
the Mayor of Van, and Armarak, the kaymakam of Gevas, were assassinated, as were numerous
Armenian policemen, at least one Armenian Chief of Police, and Armenian advisors to the
Government. Only a very brave Armenian would take the side of the Government."
Little by little, the Armenian community allowed these fanatical terrorists to rule their
lives. It went beyond money, ultimately; during World War I, every Armenian over 13, based
on confessions by Armenians (according to this internal army report), was forced to enroll in
Armenian committees as functionaries or soldiers... in Van, Bitlis, Erzurum, Karahisar,
and in Sivas, Kayseri, and Diyarbekir.
Prof. McCarthy informs us on how these criminals imposed their will
on the common people:
The Armenian common people did not escape the extortions of the rebels. They were
forced to feed and house the revolutionaries. British Consul Elliot reported, "They
[the Dashnaks] quarter themselves on Christian villages, live on the best to be had, exact
contributions to their funds, and make the younger women and girls submit to their will.
Those who incur their displeasure are murdered in cold blood."[FO 424/196, Elliot
to Currie, Tabreez, May 5, 1898]
his hands full
with the bad guys in the finale
The greatest cost to villagers was the forced
purchase of guns. The villagers were turned into rebel "soldiers," whether they
wished to be or not. If they were to fight the Turks, they needed weapons. The
revolutionaries smuggled weapons from Russia and forced the Armenian villagers to buy. The
methods used to force the villagers to buy were very effective, as British consul Seele
An agent arrived in a certain village and informed a villager that he must buy a Mauser
pistol. The villager replied that he had no money, whereupon the agent retorted, "You
must sell your oxen." The wretched villager then proceeded to explain that the sowing
season would soon arrive and asked how a Mauser pistol would enable him to plough his
fields. For reply the agent proceeded to destroy the poor man's oxen with his pistol and
then departed."[FO 195/2949, Molyneux-Seel to Lowther, Van, February 17, 1913]
The rebels had more than military organization in mind when they forced the villagers
to buy weapons. The villagers were charged double the normal cost of the weapons. A rifle
worth £5 was sold for £10. Both the rebel organization and the rebels themselves did
very well from the sales.
It was the peasants who suffered most. The most basic policy of the revolutionaries was a
callous exploitation of the lives of Armenians: Kurdish tribes and their villages were
attacked by the rebels, knowing that the tribes would take their revenge on innocent
Armenian villagers. The revolutionaries escaped and left their fellow Armenians to die.
Even Europeans, friends of the Armenians, could see that the revolutionaries were the
cause of the curse that had descended on Eastern Anatolia. Consul Seele wrote in 1911:
From what I have seen in the parts of the country I have visited I have become more
convinced than ever of the baneful influence of the Taschnak Committee on the welfare of
the Armenians and generally of this part of Turkey. It is impossible to overlook the fact
in that in all places where there are no Armenian political organisations or where such
organisations are imperfectly developed, the Armenians live in comparative harmony with
the Turks and Kurds.[FO 195/2375 Molyneux-Seele to Lowther, Van, 9 October 1911]
History of the Dashnagtzoutune
historian M. Varandian: "...Perhaps there has never been a revolutionary
party—not even the Russian Narodovoletz, or the Italian Carbonaris—with such
experiences on the road of terroristic acts, as the A.R. Federation..." Anti-Dashnak
historian K. Papazian (who liberally used Varandian's classic 1932 work): "One of
the most unfortunate results of these terroristic methods was the gradual development
of a class of terrorists, who used their bullets and dagger indiscriminately... This
class of terrorists enjoyed a place of honor within the society... They killed Mihran
in 1909. They shot and stabbed to death Abbot Arsen Vartabed of the Akhtamar Monastery
(near Van) and his secretary Mihram in 1904. They then dismembered their bodies and
threw them into Lake Van..." (More)
These terrorist criminals didn't care about their own people, as long as their own
selfish and greedy needs were met. British consul (from Erzurum) Robert Graves shed
light on the aims of the terrorists, in his 1933 memoirs ("Storm Centres of
the Near East"):
"They were quite cynical when remonstrated with on the wickedness of
deliberately provoking the massacre of their unfortunate fellow-countrymen, with all
its attendant horrors, without any assurance that the lot of the survivors would be
any happier, saying calmly that the sacrifice was a necessary one and the victims
would be 'Martyrs to the National Cause.'"
Imagine the callous way in which these criminals turned their own people to the
wolves! (George Hepworth elaborated in "Through Armenia on Horseback":
"the revolutionists are doing what they can to make fresh outrages possible.
That is their avowed purpose. They reason that if they can induce the Turks to kill
more of the Armenians, themselves excepted, Europe will be forced to
(Of course, these immoral killers, employing their typical "end justifies the
means" tactics, in what Sir Mark Sykes termed their "disgraceful
ruffianism," did not stop at massacring Muslims, in order to get the results
they sought. On several occasions, they have actually targeted Western consuls or
missionaries, so that the Turks would be blamed for the murders, in order to get the
imperialists to come in, and do the Armenians' fighting for them. For example, Sir
Mark Sykes, Dar-ul-Islam: "It
is also a fact that the Armenians have an extraordinary habit of running into danger
without possessing the courage to face it, and the revolutionists from abroad were
always prepared to provoke a massacre in order to induce the Powers to assist them.
I have good reason to know that these wretches actually schemed to murder American
missionaries, hoping America would declare war on the supposition that the Turks
were the criminals.")
If we may point to the "genocide" (the Armenians' synonym for
"relocation"), no less an authority than Armenia's first Prime Minister, Hovhannes Katchaznouni
reported as a terrible fact that if it weren't for the committees, the
Armenians would not have suffered their fate.
Before the Tashnaks appeared as an organized
party, they had started their terrorist acts. The Tashnaks had assassinated Gerekjian,
the former president of the Defenders of the Motherland' Society, in 1891 in Erzurum,
acting on the decision taken by the local central committee. Gerekjian's error had
been to oppose immediate revolutionary activity and to suggest prudence and
preparations. The local central committee had him killed, following the motto that he
who is not with us is against us. In 1892, the Tashnak Central Committee disapproved
of this assassination, but did not punish Aram Aramian who was responsible for it.
Aramian; the name of his victim
is also spelled "Gerektzian." The
assassin is said to have been hanged
in 1899, in Carnoy.
Kamuran Gürün, The Armenian File.
The unscrupulous Dashnak mentality is exactly what is behind the Armenians' relentless
genocide crusade. Armenian "scholars" are aware of the falsehoods they make, and
they justify their immorality for reasons of patriotism. The sympathy-evoking genocide is
big business. Armenia has many American politicians in their pockets; more than one-third
of Congress makes up a Caucus on Armenian Issues (co-chaired by Frank Pallone
[rhymes with "baloney"] and Joe Knollenberg), and over the last decade and more
received over $1.5 billion from American taxpayers, and all Armenia had to offer the USA
in turn was a $50 million unpaid loan from 1919, at 5% interest. Sam Weems wrote: "for every one dollar
Armenian Americans 'invested', they got $100 back in US Aid to Armenia! 100 to 1 return!
This is a better return than Las Vegas casinos!" (The Las Vegas casinos was an
invention of the Mafia, and that was a pretty good comparison.)
Lawrence is Serpi, one of the
After Armenia regained her freedom
from the Soviet Union, the first leader did his best to steer the nation away from Dashnak
influence (Ter-Petrossian banned the
ARF, only to get death chants from the Dashnak-brainwashed diaspora), but as Danetta said
in BLACK HAND, "They win, Johnny, they always win." Once the hysterical fanatics
took over, note the gangster tactics in Armenia, as related by Christian Scholar Sam Weems
("Armenia - Secrets of a 'Christian' Terrorist State," p. 361):
There is little that can be called the free press in Armenia [a fact even Richard
Hovannisian paid grudging respect to; he
addressed the fact that he broke ranks with the rule that one must never say anything
negative about Armenia or Armenians, and rationalized the reason why there is so little
criticism: "Perhaps that is a consequence of the genocide."]... Any Christian
denomination, other than the official state-church, is subjected to harassment and
violence if they attempt to practice their individual-independent faiths in Armenia. The
state constitution gives the 'official' church the absolute right to subject Armenians to
its brand of Christianity and there is little room for any other view of Christ but
Political assassinations are common place in Armenia today. The mayor of Yerevan, the
capital city, complained ahout the corruption within state government, and was murdered.
Many individuals who have attempted to object and speak out about state government abuse
have been assassinated.
The Prime Minister, Vashen Sarkisyan, and seven members of the Armenian Parliament were
shot and killed right in front of the legislative chambers of the capital city.
The state prosecutor, the deputy defense minister, and the interior minister were all
assassinated. (Weems then moves on to voter falsification records, a problem
Hovannisian also paid note to in the above link.)
So were we being fair by comparing the Dashank Armenia and diaspora to the Mafia? No. The
latter is only small potatoes compared to the crimes and lack of morals displayed by the
terrorists among Armenians, and those they have coerced.
In BLACK HAND, the Italian-American community finally shows signs of breaking hold of the
Black Hand's grip. Of course, this is a Hollywood film, and there needed to be a happy
ending. The fact is, the parasites forming the Mafia (which became "big
business" in the USA not long after the 1908 period of the film, with the rise of
Lucky Luciano and company) maintained a grip not only with many fellow Italians, but with
a good portion of American society, which was complacent and/or fearful. It is only in the
last generation or so that the Mafia has become a shadow of its former self, thanks to
strong anti-racketeering laws and a "We're not going to take this anymore"
attitude from people who have been able to make a difference.
Yet the Armenian community throughout the world, either all too willingly or with their
silence, are still allowing the Dashnaks to dishonor their people, representing a
monolithic whole. Where are the brave Armenians who will finally break ranks...
publicly... with these criminals who have brought so much violence, ruin and misery to so
many people? Where are the courageous Armenians who, as with the Italians of BLACK HAND
(and the handful of true Armenian patriots such as Arthur Derounian), who will make the
effort to see the Dashnaks "purged from their ranks," in order to give "bright
dignity to their people and to th[e] nation[s]" the Arnenians are living in?
The Oppression of Armenians by
Armenians: The View of an Armenian-Turk
The Turkish Armenian does not know what a revolution is. He
fears a revolution like death. But if there is something he is more afraid of, it
is the revolutionary Armenian, the unreasoning revolutionary Armenians without a
conscience who dragged him from misery to misery for several years with the
thought of doing a good deed for him.
The Turkish Armenian have to confess that this enemy of their own kind has been
everywhere and has done its work everywhere. It also had many followers in Russia,
England and Turkey. Because it is known as a social truth that divisive movements
and propaganda among groups in a society influence the masses very deeply. When
these witless wretches came up with the idea of establishing a large state with
the Armenians in Caucasia and Turkey, the God-fearing Armenians with good
conscience who were aware of where the best interests of the nation lay, were
overcome with sadness: 'An independent state, which will also include within its
borders some of the Turkish provinces, is that it? This would be the destruction
of Armenians' they said.
This was the truth.! It was impossible for any Armenian with a little bit of
discernment not to see it. Because these people were thinking that they could
change the bed of a large river with eight or ten pieces of stone.
This large river had opened its real bed by flowing for centuries on a strong
surface. To change this direction was to tear Armenian interests from the tranquil
flow of the river, to push them to draught-ridden lands and to strangle them there
for ever. Those feeble minded persons failed to see that the foreigners who
supported their revolution and evil deeds and championed their causes in their
newspapers did not undertake such action for the love of Armenians. The aim, and
the sole aim of these so-called protective powers was to cause the shedding of
blood in regions which they earmarked for their hegemony and to take over these
regions with the pretext of cleaning the blood.
History is still recording what imperialism is capable of doing in places it sets
its eyes on. But it was impossible to make the public-spirited revolutionaries
comprehend this. The anarchists and propagandists among them who could be useful
neither to themselves nor to their communities in any other way were receiving
salaries. They were also receiving what they conceived to be pledges. Overwhelmed
under these condition, they believed there was Turkish oppression, and they also
made their compatriots believe in their lies.
The last quarter of a century of Turkey's history is filled with some Armenian
events. Although these events were supposedly aimed at some goals harmful to
Turkey, in fact they were only the oppression of Armenians by Armenians. If the
causes and reasons for each event are analyzed one by one and if the events are
analyzed meticulously, the only conclusion that will be arrived at is the one we
have stated in the previous sentence; the oppression of Armenians by Armenians.
Migirdic Agop, The Turkish Armenians, Istanbul 1922
"The Black Hand" is also the name of a Secret Society set
up in the land of the Armenians' Otrthodox cousins who also enjoy mopping up Muslims:
Serbia. Set up in 1911, the aim of this Black Hand was to attain a "Greater
Serbia" through the use of Dashnak-style violence. Members had a hand in the
assassination of Austria-Hungary's Franz Ferdinand, which sparked the Great War.
ADDENDUM, Nov. 2006,
from the newspaper Constitution, August 1, 1907:
"The Hunchakists are evidently the Armenian edition of the Black Hand."