The following article
is by Christopher Vasillopulos, PhD
Professor of Political Science
Eastern Connecticut State University,
in His Age and in Ours."
round-up of achievements
Address to Turkish youth.
Greek attempt to assassinate Ataturk in 1919
1925 Speech to the USA.
Real Manhunt in Afghanistan
It has been said countless times since September
Osama Bin Laden is the most wanted man in the world, wanted dead or alive.
Like most desires the West’s hunger for Bin
Laden does not stand analysis. What would the West have if it had him? The ephemeral
pleasure of revenge consequent on killing him? The lasting agony of a ‘trial’, a
procedure which more than most ‘war crimes’ trials mocks hard won due process
protections? Osama Bin Laden is a problem dead or alive, because he is not wanted at all,
except by his fanatical following.
Nevertheless a real manhunt is underway in Afghanistan and in Central Asia, the success of
which would solve a great many more problems than even a thousand Bin Ladens could create.
The West is engaged in a desperate search for new ‘Atatürks’. And not only the West.
Many observers of Central Asian politics have long realized that the fundamental problems
of the region will never be addressed so long as politics/religion as usual dominates the
decisional background. Too many of the conditions of rational policy formation are
missing. Chief among these is the idea of the sufficiency of reason to order, analyze and
evaluate facts. The most important assumption behind this idea is that the material world
not only matters but also, so far as public policy is concerned, is all that matters. This
assumption does not deny the value of spiritual concerns and outlooks. It does demand that
the world be rendered up to Caesar and his tools.
Merely to write these words in the wake of the terror attacks conducted by suicidal
idealists indicates the scope of the problem. It indicates also the scope of the
achievement of Atatürk. The creation of the Republic of Turkey required the
accomplishment of two next too impossible tasks: the reversal of the defeat of World War I
and the removal of Turkey from its medieval malaise. The first is easily understood, the
second more controversial. Even the first requires a few words. In the wake of the defeat
of the Central powers, Germany and her allies, France, Great Britain and Greece believed
it possible to devour what remained of the Ottoman Empire, its Anatolian heartland. With
Western European assistance, a Greek army invaded deep into a wounded Turkey. Not only
would Greece avenge four hundred years of “slavery” under Ottoman rule, Greece would
fulfill the “Great Idea” of a large Greece, by absorbing Ionia and much of Anatolia
into Greece proper, leaving the rest to the Armenians no doubt. Although now this project
seems drenched in megalomania, at the end of the Great War its success seemed nearly
inevitable. To me and many others, only the greatness of Atatürk as a general and as a
charismatic leader of his people prevented the dismemberment of Turkey. Before he founded
the Turkish Republic, he had to save the land of Turkey from greedy aggressors. That he
did this while fighting a significant portion of the regime which had led Turkey to defeat
makes his victory even more remarkable. The ground of his victory makes it seem
Atatürk ... turned ... decisively to the West and to the future.
As a man born in the West, Macedonia, with
profoundly Western tastes, it would have been easy to expect that his support would
have consisted in “European elites” and cosmopolites in general. It is true that
Atatürk, like his great Ottoman predecessors, was ruthlessly meritocratic. He did
not care where a person was from or who his parents were so long as they believed in
him and his dream of a Turkish Republic. If the leaders of the Kemalists were
cosmopolitan, its body and limbs, and therefore its strength
and its reason for being, was the peasantry. Thus the Macedonian understood the real
basis of the new Turkey, the people of the Anatolian heartland. It was this unlikely
combination that defeated the invaders, in no small measure because the invaders did
not believe such a synthesis was possible. Not only was it possible, it was
remarkably effective as a fighting force.
The Great Mustafa Kemal
The second great
accomplishment of Atatürk is more controversial among scholars but in all
interpretations remains wondrous. Having secured an impossible victory, by relying
on a largely despised and ignored peasantry, Atatürk then turned his creation
sternly and decisively to the West and to the future. Although he valued
many of the virtues of traditional Ottoman
culture, he knew that they could not be brought to bear so long as they remained in
their medieval context. Of its vices, especially its lack of realism and inadequate
understanding of the great changes that had taken place in Europe, he had nothing
but contempt. Whatever Atatürk’s personal faith, and this is controversial, it is
beyond dispute that he believed that spiritual matters, when they left the private
realm, could have only
negative effects on a modern government. Islam, like the state itself, if it were to
serve the Turkish people, would have to find its place within a secular Turkey. To
write a sentence like this gives one pause, as I am sure it causes many readers
disquiet. Atatürk, of course, seldom paused. In this and in so many other matters
he acted and acted decisively.
Again, the role of the peasantry was critical. If Turkey had to compete with
European powers, she had to have a western style government. To survive in the 20th
century a state would have to liberate the energies and the talents of the nation.
Only a free people in a republic could compete with other modern nation-states. This
had been the lesson of the 19th century and its climax in World War I. Only a free
people could free Turkey from its medieval worldview. More important, the peasantry,
especially at it strove for middle class standards of living, unlike cultural
elites, could “Westernize” without becoming “Europeans”. Atatürk’s vision
was that a new, true and durable Turkish identity would emerge from a modernizing
peasantry, developing within a secular republic. It could not come from an elite who
could only attain the status of ersatz Frenchmen or Germans.
Furthermore, only this emerging middle class
could inform the republic with the values necessary to sustain it: fundamental
decency, candor, respect for property, and fair and honest dealing. A republic after
all is the political expression of bourgeois values, not cultural refinement,
intensity, or intellectual achievement.
greatness of Ataturk is that he not only understood these ideas, he implemented them
in very unfavorable circumstances.
The more one learns about Central Asia — and the world is
learning a lot these days under the gun — the more the need for an Ataturk becomes
plain. Of course he will have to meet local needs, be a nationalist in whichever country
he appears. He will have to be a modernist as well. I realize it is a mistake to see
fundamentalist terrorist movements, whether Islamic, Christian or Zionist, as longing for
medieval simplicities, eschewing all the elements of the modern world. These movements are
all too willing to exploit the opportunities of the 21st century, including the latest
technologies. But their purposes remain anti-modern, whatever the means they employ. The
world for them is not sufficient unto itself. It is at best a way station, an opportunity
to avoid its essential sin and decadence. Even reason can only be used if it serves the
spiritual realm. The purpose of reason is not free inquiry, a search for facts or new
answers to old questions or the generation of new questions. Reason is a tool which might
serve the Truth, which is conceived as complete in itself, a gift of God. Otherwise it is
as sinful as money. By the same logic, otherwise intrinsically evil things and acts,
capitalism or murder, for example, can be holy, if they serve God. The world can be
redeemed only if it serves the divine.
A modernist like Atatürk reversed all these relationships. Religion might have a
beneficial public function — its private value he left alone — if it helped serve the
nation. The nation was in the world and its success was properly measured by worldly
terms. The first measure is political survival, the survival of the people as a political
entity. The second measure is more complex, but it can be summed up as the material
welfare of the citizens. In other words, the spiritual realm, like the state, is redeemed
by its usefulness to the material survival and well being of the nation. The spiritual
realm may have other value for individuals, but not for the nation.
The greatness of Atatürk is that he not only understood these ideas, he implemented them
in very unfavorable circumstances. In the wake of a crushing defeat in World War One, at
the point of the final collapse of the Ottoman regime, with further dismemberment
threatened by a Greek army supported by Britain and France, he rallied the Turkish Nation.
More than this he transformed a disintegrating social-political entity, which had long
outlived its time, into a modern nation-state. No wonder the real manhunt
is for anyone who might do half as much today in any part of Central Asia. Perhaps the
greatest difficulty in this manhunt is that Atatürks have to find themselves before they
can be found by their people.
Atatürk in His Age
and in Ours
BY DR. ANDREW MANGO
GAZI MUSTAFA KEMAL ATATÜRK, THE GREATEST STATESMAN
I obtained information concerning Mustafa Kemal from someone who knows him very
well. When talking with Foreign Minister Litvinov of the Union of Soviet Socialist
Republics, he said that in his opinion, the most valuable and interesting statesman
in all of Europe does not live in Europe today, but beyond the Bosphorus, he lives
in Ankara, and that this was the President of the Turkish Republic, Gazi Mustafa
Franklin D. Roosevelt, President
of the United States of America
THE GENIUS OF OUR CENTURY
The centuries rarely produce a genius. Look at this bad luck of ours, that great
genius of our era was granted to the Turkish nation.
David Lloyd George, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
"ATA'S DEATH IS A GREAT LOSS"
Atatürk's death is not only a loss for the country, but for Europe is the greatest
loss, he who saved Turkey in the war and who revived anew the Turkish nation after
the war. The sincere tears shed after him by all classes of people is nothing other
than an appropriate manifestation to this great hero and modern Turkey's Ata.
Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
A LEADER WITH GREAT UNDERSTANDING
Mustafa Kemal was not a socialist. But it can be perceived that he is a good
organizer, with great understanding, progressive, with good thoughts and an
intelligent leader. He is carrying out a war of independence against those
plunderers. I am believing that he will break the pride of the imperialists and that
he will beat the Sultan together with his friends. ( 1921 )
Vladimir llyich Lenin, Leader of the Russian Revolution
"HOW CAN I NOT ADMIRE HIM?"
Pasha, how can I not admire you? I established a secular government in France. This
government was overthrown by the priests with the help of the Pope's representatives
in Paris. While you got rid of the Caliphate and established a secular state in the
true sense of the word. Within this fanaticism, how did you make this society accept
secularity? The great work of your genius was to create a secular Turkey. (1933)
Edouard Herriot, Former Prime Minister of France
"TURKEY CAN BE PROUD OF ITSELF"
In the life of a nation it is very seldom that changes to such a radical degree were
carried out in such a short period of time... Without a doubt, those who have done
these extraordinary activities have earned the attributes of a great man in the
complete sense of the word. And because of this, Turkey can be proud of itself. (31
Eleutherios Venizelos, Prime Minister of Greece
ARCHITECT OF THE TURKISH UNITY
In connection with the permanent memorial facility for Kemal Atatürk, I take pride
in presenting my congratulations to Turkey. Your great country that is advancing on
the course that he demonstrated has obtained very significant successes. This
ceremony that is being held to commemorate the memory of Atatürk, the architect of
progress and Turkish unity, is a very appropriate respect to a person who became a
source of inspiration to free peoples throughout the world.
Dwight D. Eisenhower, President of the United States of America
ATATÜRK WAS A SOURCE OF INSPIRATION
The Sakarya Battle, the Sakarya Victory became the strongest recollection when I was
twenty. At that time I said to myself, I wonder whether or not I can mobilize my
country like this? Can I not instill in his spirit this delivering attack, this
Habib ben Ali Bourguiba, President of Tunisia
FEELINGS OF LOYAL FRIENDSHIP
Because of the 25th year of Atatürk's death, I want to express the feelings of
loyal friendship felt for the Turkish nation by the French nation. Today, Turkish
history even more than ever is inseparable from Western and European history.
Atatürk's efforts in this direction were not left without results. The friendship
between our countries that has surpassed hundreds of years, has formed the
foundation for this development.
Charles de Gaulle, President of France
THE LEADER OF ALL TIMES
Kemal Atatürk is not only one of the greatest leaders of this century. We in
Pakistan see him as one of the greatest men of all times who has lived and died. He
is not only the beloved leader of your country. All the Moslems in the world have
turned their eyes to him with feelings of love and admiration.
Muhammed Ayub Khan, President of Pakistan
TURKEY UNDER ATATÜRK'S ADMINISTRATION
We are indebted to him for the birth of the first republic in the Near and Middle
East. This Republic showed the way for the wars of national freedom for many
nations. Under Atatürk's administration, Turkey's international authority advanced
and his country started to play an important role in world politics.
Nikita S. Khrushchev, President of the Soviet Union
THE GREAT LEADER OF OUR CENTURY
The name of Atatürk reminds people of the historical successes of one of the great
individuals of this century, the leadership that gave inspiration to the Turkish
nation, farsightedness in the understanding of the modern world and courage and
power as a military leader. It is without a doubt that another example can't be
shown indicating greater successes than the birth of the Turkish Republic and ever
since then Atatürk's and Turkey's broad and deep reforms undertaken as well as the
confidence of a nation in itself.
John F. Kennedy, President of the United States of America
THE BUILDER OF A MODERN AGE
Kemal Atatürk or Kemal Pasha by which name we knew him in those times, was my hero
during my youth. I was very moved when I read about his great reforms. I met with
great praise the general efforts made by Atatürk on the course of modernizing
Turkey. His dynamism, undauntedness and unawareness of fatigue created a great
effect on people. He was one of the builders of the modern age in the orient. I
continue to be among his greatest admirers.
Jawaharlal Nehru, Prime Minister of India
HIS WORKS ARE REMEMBERED WITH PRAISE
On 1O November, the entire world and we Germans as well, remember with praise the
life and works of a person to whom we are attached with friendship and respect.
Atatürk always tried to establish firm ties between Turkey and Europe.
Prof. Ludwig Erhard, Prime Minister of the Federal Republic of Germany
COURAGEOUS AND HEROIC SOLDIER
Fifty years before this we heard the name of Mustafa Kemal as a distinguished
Turkish Commander. Later, with the establishment of peace, he got the opportunity to
put forth his characteristics as a statesman and as one of the great national
leaders, he gained one of the most eminent ranks in history. We remember that
courageous and heroic soldier with respect and that statesman, the true father of
modern Turkey with praise and gratitude.
Sir Alexander Douglas-Home, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
ADMIRATION FELT FOR ATA
We feel a great admiration for Atatürk in his efforts towards ensuring the
modernization of Turkish society by separating religion and politics from each other
and by carrying out the Turkish Language Reforms.
Hayato Ikeda, Prime Minister of Japan
"HE DID NOT PUT HIS WORK INTO DANGER"
I am the child of a generation that knows closely Turkish-German friendship. At an
early age I saw a man's heroism's, the services he carried out and the
self-sacrifices he undertook for his country. This man was Mustafa Kemal. Today I
comprehend even better that this person was a great statesman. He was great, because
he used all his courage for his nation, his country to save his homeland at an
unlucky moment. He was great, because he directed his nation towards the absolute
necessity of adjusting them to the necessities of history. He was great, because he
always knew how to defend suitable limits and he did not go beyond the limits that
would put his work into danger. Courageousness and his own courageousness was
intelligent enough as well to be able to draw the limits.
Kurt G. Kiesinger, Prime Minister of the Federal Republic of Germany
In our times, it is Atatürk who brought Turkey to its current status as a modern
republic with his farsighted and courageous political, social and economic reforms.
At the same time, it was also he that prepared the foundation of the modern economy
that will ensure today Turkey's attaining the strength to be able to enter the
European Economic Community.
Joseph Luns, Minister of Foreign Affairs, the Netherlands
"I AM PROUD OF ATATÜRK"
He was a military-statesman, one of the greatest leaders of our era. He ensured that
Turkey got its rightful place among the most advanced nations. Also, he gave the
feeling of support and self-confidence to the Turks, that forms the foundation stone
of a nation's greatness. I take great pride in being one of Atatürk's loyal
General Douglas MacArthur, Commander-in-Chief of the Far East Forces, U.S.A.
MUSTAFA KEMAL GOT RID OF ALL THE GREEKS
The West and the East came face to face at the second class coastal town of Mudanya
on a crooked road covered with dust on the hot Marmara coast. Despite the English
flag ship "Iron-Duke's" ash-colored deathly turrets that transported the
Allied generals for negotiations with Ismet Pasha, the Westerners had come here to
beg for peace, not to ask for peace or to dictate the conditions... These
negotiations demonstrate the end of Europe's dominance over Asia, because as
everyone knows, Mustafa Kemal got rid of all the Greeks.
Ernest Hemingway, American Journalist and Novelist
THE GREATEST STATESMAN
The most precise measure of a person's worth is to be able to make their friends and
enemies accept their superiority in their own field. Thus, Atatürk is one of the
geniuses who attained this eminence. As a revolutionary he was triumphant in his
cause and created modern Turkey and joined together among the great statesman of our
W. Somerset Maugham, English Novelist and Author
I thought Turkey had died after Sevres. But Turkey is living. besides ever since
Mustafa Kemal became the chief, it is living so very actively that all of Lloyd
George's efforts, all of his possibilities, when confronted with this strong will to
live that defies common sense, there is nothing he can do other than vanish
gradually... ( I93O)
Claude Farrere, French (?)
"WE WERE ILLUMINATED WITH HIS LOOK"
When our essence was a spark from which the color was faded out, with his look, we
took on the condition of a sun that illuminates and envelops the world.
Ikbal, National Poet of Pakistan
"HE WOULD SEE THE FUTURE"
Atatürk was one of the greatest statesman of everyone who has lived and died
throughout history. At no time did he dwell on the period in which he lived, he
would see the future and accordingly would carry out a task. Thus, this quality of
Atatürk's is the point that separates him from administrators such as Hitler and
Mussolini. They were acting in everything that they did by thinking of themselves.
Atatürk would act beyond himself by seeing 20-30 years into the future.
Lord Kinross, English Statesman
TO LIVE WITH ATATÜRK
In history very few people have been as beneficial as Atatürk for their country and
their people. Hand in hand, from heart to heart, let us live in Atatürk's
objectives without deviating to right or left in our beautiful homeland in freedom
from anxiety, peace and understanding.
Shnork Kalutsian, Patriarch of the Turkish Armenians
GENIUSES LIKE THESE DON'T DIE
Geniuses like these only appear to die, because in reality, they always live in the
intellects of their countries with their works that leave deep and unerasable marks.
These people, just as they are not born for one generation, are also not born for a
specific period. People like these, by giving the nations the opportunity to benefit
continuously from these sources of Godsend blessings, are people who will be
sovereign in their nation's histories for hundreds of years.
Teheran Newspaper, Iran
THE GREATEST ATATÜRK
History has seen many great people. It has seen Alexander the Great's, Napoleon's,
Washington's. However, in the twentieth century the record for greatness was broken
by Atatürk, this Turkish son of a Turk.
L'IIIustration Newspaper, France
The world, by no means and at no time, has witnessed such an exciting event as the
re-founding of Turkey with a Western point of view and belief.
Social Demokraten Newspaper, Sweden
AN UNIQUE EVENT IN HISTORY
In no other country have women advanced this rapidly. It is truly an unique event in
history for a nation to change to this degree.
Daily Telegraph Newspaper, England
|“...Mustafa Kemal’s policy was to aim at nothing short of an
out-and-out conversion of Turkey to the Western way of life; and in the
nineteen-twenties he put through in
Turkey what was perhaps as revolutionary a programme as has ever been carried out in
any country deliberately and systematically in so short a span of time. It was as if,
in our Western world, the Renaissance, the Reformation, the secularist scientific
mental revolution at the end of the seventeenth century, the French Revolution, and
the Industrial Revolution had all been telescoped into a single lifetime and been made
compulsory by law.”
Ataturk's Address to the Turkish Youth
Your first duty is to project and preserve the Turkish independence and the Turkish
Republic forever . This is the very foundation of your existence and your future. This
foundation is your most precious treasure. In the future, too, there may be malevolent
people at home and abroad, who wish to deprive you of this treasure. If some day you are
compelled to defend your independence and your republic, you must not tarry to weigh the
possibilities and circumstances of the situation before taking up your duty. These
possibilities and circumstances may turn out to be extremely unfavorable. The enemies
conspiring against your independence and your Republic may have behind them a victory
unprecedented in the annals of the world. By violence and ruse, all the fortresses of your
beloved fatherland may be captured, all its shipyards occupied, all its armies dispersed
and every part of the country invaded. And sadder and graver than all these circumstances,
those who hold power within the country may be in error, misguided and may even be
traitors. Furthermore, they may identify their personal interests with the political
designs of the invaders. The country may be impoverished, ruined and exhausted.
You, the youth of Turkey's future, even in such
circumstances, it is your duty to save the Turkish independence and Republic. The strength
you need is in your noble blood within your veins.
Ankara was chosen to be Ataturk's headquarter
for its central location and the seeds of a new country were planted there. He and his
friends wanted to establish a Republic as opposed to the Monarchy. The War of Independence
took some three years and by the end of the year 1922, all of the invaders had left the
country. The Ottoman Sultan fled with a British boat. A new nation was starting to be
The Sultanate was abolished in 1922, November
The Republic was declared in 1923, October 29th.
The Caliphate was abolished in 1924, March 3rd.
The hat as opposed to fez was introduced. (1925)
The activities of religious sects were banned by law. ( 1925)
Western calander was introduced. ( 1925)
International numeric system was introduced. ( 1928)
The Metric system was introduced. ( 1931)
The nicknames and personal titles were abolished. ( 1934)
Religious attire was prohibited in public ( 1934). According to this law, religious
personalities, irrespective of the religious groups they belong were not to wear religious
attire in public but only in their sanctuaries.
The surname law.( 1934)
The modern secular system of jurisprudence is instead of religious law is integrated.(
The liberation of the women of Turkey by giving them political and social rights.
a) Rights brought with medeni kanun ( 1926)
b) Rights for women to be elected for the parliament
Educational and Cultural Reformations
Unity in Education ( 1924 )
Introduction and the acceptance of the Roman alphabet. ( 1928 )
The foundation of Turkish History Institution
The foundation of Turkish Language Institution
The Principles of Ataturk ( Kemalism)
The doctrines of Ataturk or Kemalism is a system
of thought based on the facts of Turkey. It is shaped with the will of the Turkish nation
through a long historical background. Above all, Kemalism is the introduction and
the rendering of the rights to the nation. It is the expression of the national
sovereignty.It is an attempt to reach the level of the modern civilizations, it is
westernization, modernization. It requires to experience a modern social life, to
establish a secular state, and to govern with a positive science mentality.
The principles of Kemalism can be viewed in two groups: "The Basic Principles"
and "The Complementary Principles".
The definition of the principles as Ataturk has
The Basic Principles
The Complementary Principles
National Unity and Togetherness
Peace at home Peace abroad
Scientificism and Rationalism
Greek attempt to
assassinate Ataturk in 1919
During the tumultuous years of Ottoman
disintegration, Greek governments sent undercover agents to Anatolia to organise
rebel groups in order to disrupt order and massacre the local population. These
gangs viciously murdered women, children, elderly indiscriminately in their own
villages. Their attempt to assassinate Ataturk on his arrival to Samsun in 19 May
1919 is described by Greek author Hristos Samuelidis in his book "Black
"When Mustafa Kemal started preparing for the war of
independence, Lieutenant Karaiskos, who was sent to Anatolia to organise Pontus
youth to rebel against Turks, asked Greek authorities to send arms and munitions
urgently to support their rebellion. Lieutenant Karaiskos, operating under the guise
of Red Cross, received the generous load of arms and other supplies and stocked
" Meanwhile, the Axis countries including Ottoman Empire were defeated at the
end of WW1 and Allies were preparing to carve up the Turkish homeland. Greeks had
been ordered to take their share and start occupying Izmir. The news of Greek
landing in Izmir had reached Samsun. Local Turks were waiting for the fatal blow
while Greeks were jubilant. They were anticipating liberation within days. Local
Greeks were waiting on the shores of the Black Sea looking for blue and white flags
of the Greek Navy. But they were waiting in vain. Only one ugly steamship arrived at
the port bringing a determined Turkish officer who would change history and organise
a decisive end to Greek presence in Anatolia."
" This was the psychology of the local Greek population when Mustafa Kemal
landed in Samsun on 19 May 1919. The voices of jubilation were echoing all around
the town celebrating the arrival of famous Turkish leader. Local Greeks were busy
with daily life, unaware of the implications of Kemal's arrival."
" Stathios Dimitriadis, son of tobacco merchant Pantzou Dimitriadis, was busy
with his father's accounts when he heard the noises. He asked his father what the
noises were. His father said "Looks like the Turks". As the noises
increased, Stathios was compelled to go out and ask one of the locals what was
happening. He was told that a Pasha called Mustafa Kemal was in town."
" Stathios returned to the shop, closed all windows and doors, went upstairs
and started watching the proceedings. As a member of Samsun Greek Organisation, he
contacted the leader of the organisation Captain Stilo Komidis the following night
and told him when Mustafa Kemal was going to leave Samsun. Stilo immediately started
to prepare an assassination attempt against the Turkish leader. On the third night,
Stilo set up ambush on the road between Samsun and Kavak with the help of 20
hand-picked Greek youths. Stilo, Stathios and others started waiting for Mustafa
Kemal's carriage to arrive."
" Three hours after sunrise, a carriage protected by five horsemen appeared.
Stathios tried to spot Mustafa Kemal among the passengers. When the carriage was 50
metres away, he said: "Here he is! the one at the back with the cap". The
assassins sprayed the carriage with bullets killing all three in it. Captain Stilo,
believing that the assassination was carried out successfully, ordered his men to
disengage and run."
" The jubilation of Stathios and other Greeks lasted until the next morning.
Captain Stilo isolated himself, avoiding contact with people for days, unable to
comprehend how he could not kill Mustafa Kemal. The reason was Mustafa Kemal was not
in the carriage. They had killed his double and Kemal was in another carriage two
miles behind. "
" Stathios returned home and found out about the repercussions of the
unsuccessful assassination attempt. He had a very bad feeling about the whole
incident. He was not wrong, the assassination attempt to eliminate the architect of
Modern Turkey had failed and there were no barriers to stop the flow of events
This was not the only attempt
on Ataturk's life. Another one failed as well... and it was an Armenian who made the
Speech to the USA
"I would like to comment on a few words about the natural origin of the undeniable
sincere relationship between the people of Turkey and those of the United States of
The Turks are already a democratic nation. If this true fact has not been understood by
today’s civilized world I must direct attention to the remarkable comments made by our
ambassador regarding the last days of the Ottoman empire. On the other hand the American
people have always relied and depended on democracy to identify them as a nation since
their inception. It has been through this blessing that they have been placed amongst
today’s civilized world as a new nation.
This has given them acceptance as a new nation. Thus the Turkish people feel a strong
sentiment of love and understanding towards the American people. I do hope that the
observation of this fact will encourage further dialog and warm relations between the two
nations; but this will not be all!
I am sure that this will also allow the rest of the civilized world to have more good will
towards one another and ERASE all past negative FABLES and experiences; thus leading the
world towards a more peaceful and lawful existence.
Dear Americans, as a proud representative of the Turkish nation, I give you this as a goal
and sole purpose of the new Turkish people. I have no doubt that the American nation who
has already reached this ultimate goal shall understand and join the new Turkish
Translator: Isik Biren